QI Guide on Improved Nursing Care
- Patient Centered Care
- Opportunities for Patient Safety and Quality Improvement
- Working Conditions and Work Environment for Nurses
- General Resources on Nursing and Quality of Care
Falls can lead to moderate to severe injuries, such as hip fractures and head trauma, and can even increase the risk of early death. Fortunately, falls are a public health problem that is largely preventable.
CDC fact sheet on falls among older adults
CDC fact sheet on falls in nursing homes
Fall and Injury Prevention from the Evidence-Based Handbook for Nursesiii
Falls toolkit from the National Center for Patient Safety
The Falls Management Program - tool to improve fall care processes and outcomes
Each year, more than 2.5 million people in the United States develop pressure ulcers.ii Prevention requires an organizational culture and operational practices that promote teamwork and communication, as well as individual expertise.
AHRQ toolkit to prevent pressure ulcers in hospitals
Preventing and Managing Pressure Ulcers from the Evidence-Based Handbook for Nursesiii
Pressure Ulcer Training from the National Database of Nursing Quality Indicators
VAP is the leading cause of death amongst hospital-acquired infections. Reducing mortality due to VAP requires an organized process that guarantees early recognition of pneumonia and consistent application of the best evidence-based practices.
Learn strategies to prevent VAP in hospitals
IHI Ventilator Bundle - series of interventions to prevent VAP
In the United States, about 15 million central vascular catheter (CVC) days occur in intensive care units (ICUs) each year.iv
CDC guidelines for the prevention of intravascular catheter related infections
IHI Central Line Bundle - a series of interventions to prevent infections related to CVCs
Urinary tract infections (UTIs) account for about 40% of all hospital acquired infections. More than 80% of those infections are associated with catheters. Nursing staff can be instrumental in preventing urinary catheter-related infections.v
CDC overview video on catheter associated UTIs
Prevention and management guidelines for catheter associated UTIs
Healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) lead to 99,000 deaths annually.vi There are more than 75,000 bloodstream infections a year among hospital patients, and as many as 25% of infected patients die .vii Nurses are on the frontlines of preventing these infections, and by implementing certain evidence-based recommendations these infections can be dramatically reduced.
Nursing infection control checklistix
CDC guide to infection prevention for outpatient settings
Various CDC toolkits for preventing healthcare associated infections
Each year, about 7,000 people die because of medication errors in hospitals.x Nurses play a critical role in preventing medication errors and facilitating better medication management.
General information from the FDA regarding medication errors
Study showing the relationship between task interruptions and medication errors by nurses
Learn about the nurse's role in preventing medication errors
Learn about medication safety in relation to nursingxi
The transfer of essential information and the responsibility for care of the patient from one health care provider to another is an integral component of communication in health care. Ineffective handoffs can lead to adverse events and patient safety risks.
Recommended strategies to improve the handoff process in the hospital
Learn how to improve communication during handoffs
Learn how nurses can improve the handoff processxii
The increased demands on nurses have set the stage for increased nurse fatigue and stress, compromising patient safety and negatively impacting the health and well-being of nurses.
Presentation on nurse fatigue and patient safety
Nursing turnover has been reported to range from 15 percent to 36 percent per year.xiii High nurse turnover rates negatively affect the ability of hospitals to meet patient needs and provide quality care.
Tools to calculate total nursing turnover expenses
Safe health care depends on highly trained individuals with disparate roles and responsibilities acting together in the best interests of the patient.
Study showing the relationship between teamwork among nurses and job satisfaction
Study describing an intervention to enhance nursing staff teamwork and engagement
Nurses are experiencing higher workloads than ever before. Research has shown that heavy nursing workloads adversely affect patient safety.
NEJM study on the association of nurse workload and increased inpatient mortality
The following general resources provide key information on the role of nurses in improving quality of care.
IOM report examining the future of the nursing workforce
Implementation guide for nursing sensitive care measures
iPatient Safety and Quality: An Evidence-Based Handbook for Nurses. AHRQ Publication No. 08-0043, April 2008. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Rockville, MD.
iiPreventing Pressure Ulcers in Hospitals: A Toolkit for Improving Quality of Care. AHRQ Publication No. 11-0053-EF, April 2011. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Rockville, MD. http://www.ahrq.gov/professionals/systems/long-term-care/resources/pressure-ulcers/pressureulcertoolkit/index.html
iiiPatient Safety and Quality: An Evidence-Based Handbook for Nurses. AHRQ Publication No. 08-0043, April 2008. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Rockville, MD. http://www.ahrq.gov/professionals/clinicians-providers/resources/nursing/resources/nurseshdbk/index.html
ivGuidelines for the Prevention of Intravascular Catheter-Related Infections, 2011. CDC Publication, April 2011. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Healthcare Infection Control Practices Advisory Committee (HICPAC). http://www.cdc.gov/hicpac/pdf/guidelines/bsi-guidelines-2011.pdf.
vPrevention and Management of Catheter-Associated UTIs. Infectious Disease Special Edition, September 2010. http://www.idse.net/download/UTI_IDSE10_WM.pdf
viAHRQ's Efforts to Prevent and Reduce Healthcare-Associated Infections. Fact Sheet. AHRQ Publication No. 09-P013, September 2009. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Rockville, MD. http://www.ahrq.gov/research/findings/factsheets/errors-safety/haiflyer/index.html
vii CDC. Vital Signs: Central Line - Associated Bloodstream Infections-United States 2001, 2008, and 2009. MMWR 2011; 60(08);243-248.
viiiPatient Safety and Quality: An Evidence-Based Handbook for Nurses. AHRQ Publication No. 08-0043, April 2008. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Rockville, MD. http://www.ahrq.gov/professionals/clinicians-providers/resources/nursing/resources/nurseshdbk/index.html
ixInfection Control Checklist - Nursing Department. Best Practices, October 2000. Texas Health Care Association. http://www.txhca.org/BestPractices/InfectionControl/nursing.pdf
x Interdisciplinary Nursing Quality Research Initiative. Nurses' Role in Preventing Medication Errors. http://www.inqri.org/uploads/ResearchSynthesisMedicationErrors.pdf
xiPatient Safety and Quality: An Evidence-Based Handbook for Nurses. AHRQ Publication No. 08-0043, April 2008. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Rockville, MD. http://www.ahrq.gov/professionals/clinicians-providers/resources/nursing/resources/nurseshdbk/index.html
xiii Hayes LJ, O'Brien-Pallas L, Duffield C, et al. Nurse turnover: a literature review. Int J Nurs Stud 2006;43:237-63.
xivPatient Safety and Quality: An Evidence-Based Handbook for Nurses. AHRQ Publication No. 08-0043, April 2008. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Rockville, MD. http://www.ahrq.gov/professionals/clinicians-providers/resources/nursing/resources/nurseshdbk/index.html