Prostate Cancer Surgery More Likely Than Other Treatments To Result in Decreased Sexual Function After 3 Years

Issue #559
AHRQ News Now is a weekly newsletter that highlights agency research and program activities.
March 21, 2017

AHRQ Stats: Decline in Hospital-Acquired Conditions

Improvements in patient safety led to fewer deaths from hospital-acquired conditions (HACs) from 2010 to 2015. Compared with the HAC rate in 2010, more than 37,000 fewer patients died from HACs in 2015. The improvement saved about $8.3 billion in 2015. (Source: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, National Scorecard on Rates of Hospital-Acquired Conditions 2010 to 2015: Interim Data From National Efforts To Make Health Care Safer.)

Today's Headlines:

Prostate Cancer Surgery More Likely Than Other Treatments To Result in Decreased Sexual Function After 3 Years

Removal of the prostate gland and surrounding tissue—radical prostatectomy—was more likely to result in decreased sexual functioning than either external beam radiation therapy (EBRT) or active surveillance/watchful waiting in patients with prostate cancer, according to AHRQ-supported research that examined outcomes in the three years following treatment. The analysis of 2,550 men also showed that radical prostatectomy was associated with significant declines in urinary incontinence compared with EBRT and active surveillance. The article, "Association Between Radiation Therapy, Surgery, or Observation for Localized Prostate Cancer and Patient Reported Outcomes After 3 Years," appeared online today in JAMA. Researchers said findings will help clinicians counsel patients about the comparative benefits and harms of prostate cancer treatments. Access the abstract.

New AHRQ Grantee Profile Highlights Work of Boston University’s Brian Jack, M.D., To Help Prevent Avoidable Hospital Readmissions

A new grantee profile explores how the AHRQ-funded work of Brian Jack, M.D., a professor of family medicine at Boston University School of Medicine, lowered rates of return trips to the hospital. He developed the Re-Engineered Discharge, or RED, protocol, which uses strategies to promote safer patient care and reduce avoidable hospital readmissions. AHRQ also worked with Dr. Jack to develop an implementation-ready toolkit and guide for patients (in English and Spanish) to extend his work so that health providers can apply RED and address language barriers in health care communications. Check out the profile of Dr. Jack and other AHRQ grantees who have made major advances in health services research.

Highlights From AHRQ’s Patient Safety Network

AHRQ’s Patient Safety Network (PSNet), which highlights journal publications, books and tools related to patient safety, has featured a new set of articles including:

Review additional new publications in PSNet’s current issue or access recent cases and commentaries in AHRQ’s WebM&M (Morbidity and Mortality Rounds on the Web).

March 24 Webinar To Review Latest Federal Efforts To Prevent Healthcare-Associated Infections

Register now for a webinar on March 24, from 1 to 2 p.m. ET, when AHRQ experts will join representatives from several other federal agencies to discuss how they are working together to prevent healthcare-associated infections (HAIs). Hosted by the Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, the webinar will include patient perspectives on HAIs and updates on efforts to reduce HAIs in acute care hospitals as well as the status of the HAI Action Plan

New AHRQ Views Blog Posts

New Research and Evidence From AHRQ

Register Now: In-Person TeamSTEPPS® Master Training Course

Registration is open for teams of three to attend an in-person AHRQ TeamSTEPPS® Master Training Course. TeamSTEPPS is an evidence-based program aimed at improving performance among teams of health care professionals. The two-day courses use a train-the-trainer approach to educate participants on the fundamentals of TeamSTEPPS content, provide participants with resources for training others, and ensure that participants learn how to implement and coach behaviors for positive results. These courses are available at no cost at regional training centers across the United States. Access the full schedule and learn about registration requirements for your team, or contact with questions.

AHRQ in the Professional Literature

The hidden societal cost of antibiotic resistance per antibiotic prescribed in the United States: an exploratory analysis. Michaelidis CI, Fine MJ, Lin CJ, et al. BMC Infect Dis 2016 Nov 8;16(1):655. Access the abstract on PubMed®.

Personalizing Nursing Home Compare and the discharge from hospitals to nursing homes. Mukamel DB, Amin A, Weimer DL, et al. Health Serv Res 2016 Dec;51(6):2076-94. Epub 2016 Oct 24. Access the abstract on PubMed®.

Maternal deaths from suicide and overdose in Colorado, 2004-2012. Metz TD, Rovner P, Hoffman MC, et al. Obstet Gynecol 2016 Dec;128(6):1233-40. Access the abstract on PubMed®.

Challenges of implementing a communication-and-resolution program where multiple organizations must cooperate. Mello MM, Armstrong SJ, Greenberg Y, et al. Health Serv Res 2016 Dec;51 Suppl 3:2550-68. Epub 2016 Nov 3. Access the abstract on PubMed®.

Case outcomes in a communication-and-resolution program in New York hospitals. Mello MM, Greenberg Y, Senecal SK, et al. Health Serv Res 2016 Dec;51 Suppl 3:2583-99. Epub 2016 Oct 26. Access the abstract on PubMed®.

Assessing the sustainability of daily chlorhexidine bathing in the intensive care unit of a veteran's hospital by examining nurses' perspectives and experiences. Musuuza JS, Roberts TJ, Carayon P, et al. BMC Infect Dis 2017 Jan 14;17(1):75. Access the abstract on PubMed®.

How people with serious mental illness use smartphones, mobile apps, and social media. Naslund JA, Aschbrenner KA, Bartels SJ. Psychiatr Rehabil J 2016 Dec;39(4):364-67. Epub 2016 Jun 16. Access the abstract on PubMed®.

Primary care clinic re-design for prescription opioid management. Parchman ML, Von Korff M, Baldwin LM, et al. J Am Board Fam Med 2017 Jan-Feb;30(1):44-51. Access the abstract on PubMed®.

Contact Information

For comments or questions about AHRQ News Now, contact Bruce Seeman at or (301) 427-1998.

Update your subscriptions, modify your password or email address, or stop subscriptions at any time on your Subscriber Preferences Page. You will need to use your email address to log in.

If you have any questions or problems with the subscription service, email: For other inquiries, Contact Us.

This service is provided to you at no charge by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ).

Page last reviewed March 2017
Page originally created March 2017
Internet Citation: Prostate Cancer Surgery More Likely Than Other Treatments To Result in Decreased Sexual Function After 3 Years. Content last reviewed March 2017. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Rockville, MD.