Increased Physical Activity for Kids Would Have Health and Economic Benefits

Issue 567
AHRQ News Now is a weekly newsletter that highlights agency research and program activities.
May 16, 2017

AHRQ Stats: Highest Average Expenses for Common Conditions

For the nine most commonly treated conditions among U.S. adults in 2013, the highest average expenses per person were for the treatment of heart conditions ($3,794 per person), trauma-related disorders ($3,070) and diabetes ($2,565). (Source: AHRQ, Medical Expenditure Panel Survey Statistical Brief #487: Expenditures for Commonly Treated Conditions among Adults Age 18 and Older in the U.S. Civilian Noninstitutionalized Population, 2013.)

Today's Headlines

Increased Physical Activity for Kids Would Have Health and Economic Benefits

If half of U.S. children 8 to 11 years old got the recommended amount of physical activity, the proportion of children who are overweight or obese would decrease by 4 percent, according to new research funded partially by AHRQ. This would save $8 billion in annual medical costs associated with obesity-related conditions, researchers concluded. Having this same 50 percent of kids receive the recommended amount of exercise would also avert approximately $14 billion in annual lost productivity costs over their lifetimes, researchers concluded. The article in the May issue of Health Affairs estimated that only 32 percent of children currently get recommended amount of exercise, which consists of 25 minutes of high-calorie-burning physical activity three times a week. The study authors concluded that increasing children’s physical activity should be a higher national priority, in part because possible savings substantially outweigh the costs of interventions promoting increased physical activity. Access the abstract.

Highlights From AHRQ's Patient Safety Network

AHRQ's Patient Safety Network (PSNet) highlights journal articles, books and tools related to patient safety. Articles featured this week include:

Review additional new publications in PSNet's current issue or access recent cases and commentaries in AHRQ’s WebM&M (Morbidity and Mortality Rounds on the Web).

Nearly 6 of 10 Hospital-Based Surgeries in 2014 Occurred in Outpatient Settings

In 2014, 58 percent of the nation's 17.2 million hospital-based surgical visits took place in outpatient settings, according to a new AHRQ statistical brief. The report from AHRQ's Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project helps to quantify ongoing shifts toward more outpatient and fewer inpatient hospital-based surgical procedures. Among the most common outpatient surgeries in 2014 were lens and cataract procedures (nearly 100 percent performed in outpatient settings), cartilage removal in the knee (99 percent), tonsillectomy (96 percent), peripheral nerve decompression (95 percent), and hernia repair (92 percent). Private insurance was the most common payer for ambulatory surgery visits, while Medicare was the most common payer among inpatient surgical stays. For more data on inpatient and outpatient hospital-based surgery trends, access the statistical brief.

Study Questions Whether High-Priced Providers Deliver Higher-Quality Care

Patients who received care at higher-priced physician practices rated those practices higher than their lower-priced counterparts on measures of care coordination and management, according to an AHRQ-funded article published in the May issue of Health Affairs. However, patients' evaluations were similar on overall care and services such as mammography, vaccinations or diabetes treatment, no matter the price, the research found. Authors defined higher-priced practices as those that charged 36 percent higher than lower-priced practices—on average about $84 for an office visit for a medium-complexity patient for higher-priced practices versus about $62 for the same type of patient visit at a lower-priced practice. The authors concluded that the findings suggest a weak relationship between practices' prices and the quality and efficiency of care they provide. This research was funded by AHRQ's Comparative Health System Performance Initiative, which studies how health care delivery systems promote evidence-based practices and patient-centered outcomes research in delivering care. Access the abstract.

New AHRQ Views Blog Post

June 1 Deadline for Submitting an Abstract for the Diagnostic Error in Medicine 10th International Conference

Submit an abstract by June 1 for the Diagnostic Error in Medicine conference hosted by the Society to Improve Diagnosis in Medicine, which will be held October 8-10 in Boston. The conference focuses on diagnostic error and diagnostic safety. AHRQ hosted a summit on diagnostic safety in 2016 and continues to fund research to improve diagnosis. The upcoming conference will cover the epidemiology of diagnostic error, predisposing factors for diagnostic error and strategies to detect or reduce diagnostic error. Access abstract submission information.

AHRQ in the Professional Literature

Relationship between adolescent report of patient-centered care and of quality of primary care. Toomey SL, Elliott MN, Schwebel DC, et al. Acad Pediatr 2016 Nov-Dec;16(8):770-76. Epub 2016 Jan 20. Access the abstract on PubMed®.

Living kidney donors' information needs and preferences. Traino HM, Nonterah CW, Gupta G, et al. Prog Transplant 2016 Mar;26(1):47-54. Access the abstract on PubMed®.

Optimizing preconception health among young women: what are we missing? Upadhya KK, Jalazo ER, Connor KA, et al. J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol 2016 Oct;29(5):464-6. Epub 2016 Mar 7. Access the abstract on PubMed®.

Surgical skill in bariatric surgery: does skill in one procedure predict outcomes for another? Varban OA, Greenberg CC, Schram J, et al. Surgery 2016 Nov;160(5):1172-81. Epub 2016 Jun 17. Access the abstract on PubMed®.

Folic acid supplementation for the prevention of neural tube defects: an updated evidence report and systematic review for the US Preventive Services Task Force. Viswanathan M, Treiman KA, Kish-Doto J, et al. JAMA 2017 Jan 10;317(2):190-203. Access the abstract on PubMed®.

Health behaviors among women using fertility treatment. Vo H, Cheng D, Cheng TL, et al. Matern Child Health J 2016 Nov;20(11):2328-35. Access the abstract on PubMed®.

Burden of illness and research investments in translational sciences for pharmaceuticals in metastatic cancers. Wang WJ, Robertson JC, Basu A. J Comp Eff Res 2017 Jan;6(1):15-24. Epub 2016 Dec 9. Access the abstract on PubMed®.

Association between learning environment interventions and medical student well-being: a systematic review. Wasson LT, Cusmano A, Meli L, et al. JAMA 2016 Dec 6;316(21):2237-52. Access the abstract on PubMed®.

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Page last reviewed May 2017
Page originally created May 2017
Internet Citation: Increased Physical Activity for Kids Would Have Health and Economic Benefits. Content last reviewed May 2017. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Rockville, MD.
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