AHRQ Releases Decision Aids for Lung Cancer Screening; Registration Open for April 7 Webinar on Implementation
AHRQ Stats: Infant Mortality Rate Disparities
The infant mortality rate continued to be significantly higher among black infants (10.9 per thousand) than white infants (5.1 per thousand) in 2012, although this gap is narrowing. (Source: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, 2015 National Healthcare Quality and Disparities Report, Chartbook on Health Care for Blacks.)
- AHRQ Releases Decision Aids for Lung Cancer Screening; Registration Open for April 7 Webinar on Implementation.
- AHRQ's New Chartbook on Patient Safety Shows 17 Percent Decline in Hospital-Acquired Conditions.
- New Research and Data From AHRQ.
- New AHRQ Video Highlights Importance of Patient- and Family-Centered Care in Hospitals.
- TeamSTEPPS® Master Trainer Certification Available Through Web-Based Course.
- Featured Case Study: North Carolina Hospital Uses AHRQ Toolkit To Reduce Infections.
- AHRQ in the Professional Literature.
New tools from AHRQ can help longtime smokers between the ages of 55 and 80 make informed decisions with their health care provider on whether to get screened for lung cancer with low-dose computed tomography (LDCT). The online tools are designed to support discussions between patients and providers about whether lung cancer screening is appropriate, as well as about the possible benefits and harms of screening using this method. LDCT is the only recommended screening test for lung cancer. The tools are designed for diverse users:
- For patients: Is Lung Cancer Screening Right for Me? A Decision Aid for People Considering Lung Cancer Screening With Low-Dose Computed Tomography.
- For patients and their health care professionals: Is Lung Cancer Screening Right for Me? A Decisionmaking Tool for You and Your Health Care Professional.
- For primary care clinicians: Lung Cancer Screening: A Summary Guide for Primary Care Clinicians, and Lung Cancer Screening: A Clinician's Checklist.
Registration is open for a webinar on April 7 from 2:30 to 4 p.m. ET to discuss how the resources can be used to meet requirements of the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services for shared decision-making and patient counseling. The webinar is free and continuing education/continuing medical education credits are available at no charge to eligible professionals.
Patient safety in hospitals nationwide continued to improve from 2010 to 2014, as the overall rate of hospital-acquired conditions (HACs) declined by 17 percent, according to the 2015 National Healthcare Quality and Disparities Report's Chartbook on Patient Safety. Examples of HACs include surgical site infections, adverse drug events, pressure ulcers and catheter-associated urinary tract and vascular infections. The overall HAC rate declined from 145 per 1,000 hospital stays in 2010 to 121 per 1,000 stays in 2013 and remained at that lower rate in 2014. Approximately 2 million harmful events were avoided from 2010 to 2014, saving an estimated 87,000 lives and $20 billion in health care costs. Researchers found that more than 60 percent of patient safety measures showed improvement from 2001-2002 through 2013. However, for about one-third of patient safety measures, high-income households received better care than poor households. Whites received better care than some minority groups by the same margin. The chartbook provides a summary of trends across patient safety measures and a data query tool to access data tables. Also available is a PowerPoint version of the chartbook (5.4 MB) that can be used for presentations. Get more information on AHRQ's patient safety resources.
- Guide to Improving Patient Safety in Primary Care Settings by Engaging Patients and Families.
- Calcineurin Inhibitors for Kidney Transplant.
- Treatments for Fecal Incontinence.
- Nonpharmacologic Interventions for Agitation and Aggression in Dementia.
A new video from AHRQ's Health Care Innovations Exchange describes former patient Bob Luckin's journey from patient to patient adviser at Florida's Broward Health North Hospital in Deerfield Beach, Florida. Broward Health North is one of 11 hospitals participating in AHRQ's Patient- and Family-Centered Care Learning Community. In the video, Luckin emphasizes the value of hospitals partnering with patients to improve all aspects of care. The video is useful for any hospital interested in starting a patient and family adviser program, as well as patients and family members who are considering becoming advisers. The video complements an earlier innovation that described how Georgia Regents Medical Center, Augusta, Georgia, ensures that patients and family members help improve care by participating in a variety of patient advisory councils. AHRQ's Innovations Exchange is an online resource that helps health professionals and researchers share and adopt evidence-based innovations that improve the delivery of health care. Select for more information about the Innovations Exchange Patient- and Family-Centered Care Learning Community. Email questions or comments to firstname.lastname@example.org.
AHRQ's TeamSTEPPS® training curriculum is available online as an accredited continuing education program, allowing health care providers and staff to become certified as master TeamSTEPPS trainers through a web-based course. TeamSTEPPS is an evidence-based program that aims to improve patient safety through communication and teamwork among health care professionals. Potential master trainers are encouraged to complete the TeamSTEPPS readiness assessment. Create an account to draft your change plan.
CaroMont Regional Medical Center, a 435-bed hospital in North Carolina, significantly reduced catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTI) after training staff with AHRQ's Toolkit for Reducing CAUTI in Hospitals. Before using the toolkit, the hospital had 87 CAUTI events in 2009. Toolkit implementation helped reduce CAUTIs to 31 events one year later -- and reduced CAUTIs to a low of 9 in 2015. Read the case study.
Hospital characteristics associated with penalties in the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services Hospital-Acquired Condition Reduction Program. Rajaram R, Chung JW, Kinnier CV, et al. JAMA 2015 Jul 28;314(4):375-83. Access the abstract in PubMed®.
Swine farming is a risk factor for infection with and high prevalence of carriage of multidrug-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. Wardyn SE, Forshey BM, Farina SA, et al. Clin Infect Dis 2015 Jul 1;61(1):59-66. Epub 2015 Apr 29. Access the abstract in PubMed®.
Implementing computerized provider order entry in acute care hospitals in the United States could generate substantial savings to society. Nuckols TK, Asch SM, Patel V, et al. Jt Comm J Qual Patient Saf 2015 Aug;41(8):341-50. Access the abstract in PubMed®.
Impact of education on weight in newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes: every little bit helps. Azar KM, Chung S, Wang EJ, et al. PLoS One. 2015 Jun 8;10(6):e0129348. Access the abstract in PubMed®.
Non-normal screening mammography results, lumpectomies, and breast cancer reported by California women, 2001-2009. Irvin VL, Breen N, Meissner HI, et al. Womens Health Issues 2015 Jul-Aug;25(4):331-40. Epub 2015 Jun 9. Access the abstract in PubMed®.
Comparative effectiveness of injectable paliperidone palmitate versus oral atypical antipsychotics: early postmarketing evidence. Morrato EH, Parks J, Campagna EJ, et al. J Comp Eff Res 2015;4(2):89-99. Epub 2014 Sep 24. Access the abstract in PubMed®.
Association of early post-discharge follow-up by a primary care physician and 30-day rehospitalization among older adults. Field TS, Ogarek J, Garber L, et al. J Gen Intern Med 2015 May;30(5):565-71. Epub 2014 Dec 2. Access the abstract in PubMed®.
Guideline-concordant lung cancer care and associated health outcomes among elderly patients in the United States. Nadpara PA, Madhavan SS, Tworek C, et al. J Geriatr Oncol 2015 Mar;6(2):101-10. Epub 2015 Jan 17. Access the abstract in PubMed®.
For comments or questions about AHRQ News Now, contact Bruce Seeman at Bruce.Seeman@ahrq.hhs.gov or (301) 427-1998.
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Page originally created March 2016