AHRQ Grantee Profile: Sanjeev Arora, M.D., Developer of Project ECHO

Issue #534
AHRQ's Electronic Newsletter summarizes Agency research and programmatic activities.
September 20, 2016

AHRQ Stats: Emergency Care for Dental Conditions

In 2013, people ages 18 to 44 were the most likely to seek emergency department treatment for dental conditions (634 per 100,000 people). The least likely were people 85 and older (45 per 100,000 people). (Source: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, 2015 National Healthcare Quality and Disparities Report Chartbook on Care Coordination.)

Today's Headlines:

AHRQ Grantee Profile: Sanjeev Arora, M.D., Developer of Project ECHO

AHRQ's latest grantee profile explains how Sanjeev Arora, M.D., a liver specialist at the University of New Mexico Health Sciences Center, used AHRQ funding to develop a system that helps deliver evidence-based health care to rural and underserved patients. The program, Extension for Community Healthcare Outcomes, or Project ECHO, connects specialist mentors with local providers who acquire new skills and expertise via weekly virtual clinics. Additional AHRQ funding is now supporting some states that use this model for opioid-addiction treatment. Learn more about Project ECHO and access profiles of other AHRQ grantees who have made significant contributions to health services research. In additions, check out Director Andy Bindman's new AHRQ Views blog post about how Project ECHO is helping to translate evidence into practice, and learn more about AHRQ grants and other funding opportunities.

Previous Studies May Have Overestimated Health Benefits of Public Smoking Bans

Previous studies of tobacco policies aimed at reducing hospitalizations may have overestimated the benefits of bans on public smoking and underestimated the benefits of cigarette taxes, according to a new study co-authored by AHRQ. Researchers conducted a nationwide evaluation of the effects of smoking bans and cigarette taxes on acute myocardial infarction (heart attack), heart failure and pneumonia. The findings show that raising cigarette taxes can have an immediate beneficial effect by reducing costly hospitalizations, but that smoking bans do not offer the same benefit. To conduct the research, authors used data from AHRQ's Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP) to analyze hospitalization rates from 28 states from 2001 to 2008. HCUP is the nation's most comprehensive source of hospital data, including information on inpatient care, ambulatory surgery and emergency department visits. The new study, “A Nationwide Assessment of the Association of Smoking Bans and Cigarette Taxes With Hospitalizations for Acute Myocardial Infarction, Heart Failure and Pneumonia,” appeared Sept. 12 in Medical Care Research and Review. Access the abstract.

Oct. 31 Deadline Set for Nominating New Topics for Evidence Reviews

AHRQ's Evidence-based Practice Centers (EPC) Program is accepting online nominations until Oct. 31 for future systematic research reviews. Open solicitation of topics is a key component of the EPC program, whose work is stakeholder-driven, scientifically rigorous, independent and unbiased. AHRQ's EPCs conduct rigorous literature reviews on a wide spectrum of clinical and health services topics. AHRQ seeks partners to nominate reviews and use EPC program reports to improve health care practice through development of coverage decisions, quality measures, educational materials and tools, clinical practice guidelines or consensus statements, and research agendas. Topic nominations will be reviewed based on several criteria, including appropriateness, importance, duplication, feasibility, potential impact of a new systematic review and value.

Email EPC@ahrq.hhs.gov for more information, or learn about previous topic nominations.

New AHRQ Views Blog Posts

Register Now: Sept. 28 AHRQ Research Summit on Diagnostic Safety

Join AHRQ experts and industry leaders at a Sept. 28 AHRQ research summit to discuss the state of the science on diagnostic safety and strategies to improve diagnosis in health care. AHRQ Research Summit: Improving Diagnosis in Health Care will build on the 2015 National Academy of Medicine report and will discuss diagnostic safety issues related to using data and measurement, health information technology and organizational factors. Access the agenda and register to attend via webcast or in person at AHRQ in Rockville, Maryland. Registration to attend in person is limited and must be completed in advance; there will be no onsite registration. 

Featured Case Study: Denver Hospital Uses AHRQ's TeamSTEPPS Training To Enhance Teamwork

Porter Adventist Hospital, a 368-bed facility in Denver, Colorado, has used AHRQ's TeamSTEPPS® patient safety training program to improve workflow between perioperative and intensive care units. TeamSTEPPS was used to enhance communication among physicians and develop a handoff tool particular to head and neck surgery patients. Program improvements reduced annual preventable harm events from 191 to 127 over a three-year period, and no adverse events occurred during that time. Access the case study.

AHRQ in the Professional Literature

Analysis of osteoporosis treatment patterns with bisphosphonates and outcomes among postmenopausal veterans. LaFleur J, DuVall SL, Willson T, et al. Bone 2015 Sep;78:174-85. Epub 2015 Apr 17. Access the abstract in PubMed®.

Patient characteristics predicting readmission among individuals hospitalized for heart failure. O’Connor M, Murtaugh CM, Shah S, et al. Med Care Res Rev 2016 Feb;73(1):3-40. Epub 2015 Jul 14. Access the abstract in PubMed®.

Enforcement of the Emergency Medical Treatment and Labor Act, 2005 to 2014. Terp S, Seabury SA, Arora S, et al. Ann Emerg Med 2016 Aug 1. [Epub ahead of print.] Access the abstract in PubMed®.

Nursing assistant perceptions of their role in quality improvement processes in nursing homes. Davila H, Abrahamson K, Mueller C, et al. J Nurs Care Qual 2016 Jul-Sep;31(3):282-9. Access the abstract in PubMed®.

Feasibility of population health analytics and data visualization for decision support in the infectious diseases domain: a pilot study. Roosan D, Del Fiol G, Butler J, et al. Appl Clin Inform 2016 Jun 29;7(2):604-23. eCollection 2016. Access the abstract in PubMed®.

Everolimus eluting stents versus coronary artery bypass graft surgery for patients with diabetes mellitus and multivessel disease. Bangalore S, Guo Y, Samadashvili Z, et al. Circ Cardiovasc Interv 2015 Jul;8(7):e002626.Access the abstract in PubMed®.
 
Influence of institutional guidelines on oral hygiene practices in intensive care units. Kiyoshi-Teo H, Blegen M. Am J Crit Care 2015 Jul;24(4):309-18. Access the abstract in PubMed®.
 
Application of a methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus risk score for community-onset pneumonia patients and outcomes with initial treatment. Teshome BF, Lee GC, Reveles KR, et al. BMC Infect Dis 2015 Sep 18;15:380. Access the abstract in PubMed®. 

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Page last reviewed September 2016
Page originally created September 2016
Internet Citation: AHRQ Grantee Profile: Sanjeev Arora, M.D., Developer of Project ECHO. Content last reviewed September 2016. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Rockville, MD. http://www.ahrq.gov/news/newsletters/e-newsletter/534.html