AHRQ National Scorecard: Hospital-Acquired Conditions Drop 21 Percent Over Five Years

Issue #546
AHRQ News Now is a weekly newsletter that highlights agency research and program activities.
December 13, 2016

AHRQ Stats: Rates of Hysterectomy and Oophorectomy

Hysterectomies performed in ambulatory surgery or inpatient settings without oophorectomy (removal of ovaries) increased nearly 15 percent from 2005 to 2013. During the same period, however, the rate of hysterectomies performed in combination with oophorectomies decreased nearly 30 percent. (Source: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project Statistical Brief #214: Trends in Hysterectomies and Oophorectomies in Hospital Inpatient and Ambulatory Settings, 2005–2013.)

Today's Headlines:

AHRQ National Scorecard: Hospital-Acquired Conditions Drop 21 Percent Over Five Years

The National Scorecard on Rates of Hospital-Acquired Conditions shows that about 125,000 fewer patients died and more than $28 billion in health care costs was saved from 2010 through 2015 due to a 21 percent drop in hospital-acquired conditions (HACs). In total, hospital patients experienced more than 3 million fewer HACs from 2010 through 2015. HACs include adverse drug events, catheter-associated urinary tract infections, central line-associated bloodstream infections, pressure ulcers and surgical site infections, among others. AHRQ developed and tested much of the evidence on how to prevent HACs. For example, one of the tools hospitals use most frequently is AHRQ’s Comprehensive Unit-based Safety Program (CUSP), a proven method that combines improvement in safety culture, teamwork and communication with evidence-based practices to prevent harm and make the care patients receive safer. Access materials related to the scorecard, including AHRQ’s press release, AHRQ tools that helped hospitals achieve this progress, an infographic that highlights report findings and an AHRQ Views blog post by Director Andy Bindman, M.D.

AHRQ Grantee Profile: Lucian Leape, M.D., Retired Adjunct Professor of Health Policy at Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health

AHRQ’s newest grantee profile explains how Dr. Lucian Leape, a retired professor of health policy at Harvard Medical School, used AHRQ funding to conduct more than two decades of research in reducing adverse drug events (ADEs). He teamed up with his colleagues at Brigham and Women’s Hospital to conduct a seminal series of AHRQ-funded studies known as the ADE Prevention Study Group, which for the first time uncovered the scope of preventable medical errors related to drug administration. Dr. Leape’s studies helped pioneer the application of safety science practices already in use in industries like aviation to the field of medicine. His AHRQ-funded research has touched on many aspects of patient safety, from the over- and underuse of medical procedures to the use of hospital collaboratives to implement best practices. Learn more about other AHRQ grantees and their contributions to patient safety as well as more about AHRQ grants and funding opportunities.

New Research and Evidence From AHRQ

Medicamentos para tratar el trastorno por consumo de alcohol: Revisión de la investigación para adultos (Medicines To Treat Alcohol Use Disorder).

AHRQ Highlights Progress From Patient Safety Learning Labs

A new fact sheet from AHRQ summarizes the progress of 13 grantees who are implementing Patient Safety Learning Laboratories to help health care practitioners design, develop and improve systems engineering approaches to reduce patient risk and improve safety. The labs are providing valuable experiencein a variety of clinical settings, including office-based and inpatient care, and in actual and simulated clinical settings. The fact sheet describes the approach, goals and aims of the projects, which are scheduled to conclude activities in 2018 or 2019 depending on their work plans.

AHRQ in the Professional Literature

Prevalence and risk profile of unread messages to patients in a patient web portal. Crotty BH, Mostaghimi A, O'Brien J, et al. Appl Clin Inform 2015 Jun 12;6(2):375-82. Access the abstract on PubMed®.

A unification of models for meta-analysis of diagnostic accuracy studies without a gold standard. Liu Y, Chen Y, Chu H. Biometrics 2015 Jun;71(2):538-47. Epub 2014 Oct 30. Access the abstract on PubMed®.

Medical burden in bipolar disorder: findings from the Clinical and Health Outcomes Initiative in Comparative Effectiveness for Bipolar Disorder study (Bipolar CHOICE). Sylvia LG, Shelton RC, Kemp DE, et al. Bipolar Disord 2015 Mar;17(2):212-23. Epub 2014 Aug 16. Access the abstract on PubMed®.

Comparing the implementation of team approaches for improving diabetes care in community health centers. Van der Wees PJ, Friedberg MW, Guzman EA, et al. BMC Health Serv Res 2014 Dec 3;14:608. Access the abstract on PubMed®.

Maternal quality and safety outcomes for Asians and Pacific Islanders in Hawaii: an observational study from five years of statewide data. Sentell T, Chang A, Cheng Y, et al. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2014 Aug. 30;14:298. Access the abstract on PubMed®.

Prepregnancy obesity and breastfeeding noninitiation in the United States: an examination of racial and ethnic differences. Masho SW, Cha S, Morris MR. Breastfeed Med 2015 Jun;10(5):253-62. Epub 2015 Apr 21. Access the abstract on PubMed®.

Rehospitalization during the first year of life by insurance status. Schiltz NK, Finkelstein Rosenthal B, Crowley MA, et al. Clin Pediatr 2014 Aug;53(9):845-53. Epub 2014 Jun 4. Access the abstract on PubMed®.

Changes in long-acting beta-agonist utilization after the FDA's 2010 drug safety communication. Hartung DM, Middleton L, Markwardt S, et al. Clin Ther 2015 Jan 1;37(1):114-23.e1. Epub 2014 Nov 25. Access the abstract on PubMed®.

Contact Information

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Page last reviewed December 2016
Page originally created December 2016
Internet Citation: AHRQ National Scorecard: Hospital-Acquired Conditions Drop 21 Percent Over Five Years. Content last reviewed December 2016. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Rockville, MD. http://www.ahrq.gov/news/newsletters/e-newsletter/546.html