Mobile Health Interventions Helped Young Adults Reduce Alcohol Use
Editor’s note: AHRQ News Now will not publish for the next two weeks. Our next issue will be June 27.
AHRQ Stats: Outpatient Appendectomies
Of nearly 448,000 appendectomies in 2014, about 47 percent were performed as outpatient procedures. (Source: AHRQ, Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project Statistical Brief #223, Surgeries in Hospital-Based Ambulatory Surgery and Hospital Inpatient Settings, 2014.)
- Mobile Health Interventions Helped Young Adults Reduce Alcohol Use.
- Backup Procedures Vital When Electronic Health Records Systems Go Down.
- Highlights From AHRQ’s Patient Safety Network.
- July 25 Deadline Set for Submitting Abstracts for December Dissemination and Implementation Conference.
- Enroll Now in TeamSTEPPS CE/CME Course for Improving Office-Based Care.
- Albuquerque Police Department Uses AHRQ Resources for Crisis Intervention Team Training.
- AHRQ in the Professional Literature.
Young adults who received educational information via mobile technologies successfully reduced heavy drinking days, decreased risky single-occasion drinking and increased the percentage of days avoiding alcohol, according to an AHRQ-funded literature review. The use of mobile phones and other wireless technologies in health care—known as mHealth—is a strategy for engaging young adults who may not be reached by in-person interventions. The review examined 12 research articles, most of which focused on adults between the ages of 18 and 25. Researchers analyzed the use of mHealth apps that included motivational and educational materials, support tools and instruments to track alcohol use. Eleven studies indicated mHealth interventions are most useful when apps maintain regular contact, do not require the participant to initiate contact, vary messages and provide feedback. The study was published in the May issue of Journal of Health Communication. Access the abstract.
An analysis of more than 80,000 patient safety event reports at a large mid-Atlantic health system found 76 were caused by electronic health record systems that had stopped working, according to a recent AHRQ-funded study in Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association. In nearly three-quarters of those instances, however, correct downtime procedures either were not followed or did not exist. The most common safety incidents, recorded over a three-year period ending in January 2016, involved patient misidentification, the miscommunication of clinical information when ordering labs tests or seeking lab results and ordering incorrect medications. Study authors concluded that all facilities should reduce patient risks by developing and practicing procedures for downtimes that may occur during regular maintenance or due to equipment failures, power outages or cyber attacks. Access the abstract.
AHRQ’s Patient Safety Network (PSNet) highlights journal articles, books and tools related to patient safety. Articles featured this week include:
- Doing well by doing good: evaluating the influence of patient safety performance on hospital financial outcomes.
- A family-centered rounds checklist, family engagement, and patient safety: a randomized trial.
- A national implementation project to prevent catheter-associated urinary tract infection in nursing home residents.
July 25 Deadline Set for Submitting Abstracts for December Dissemination and Implementation Conference
A deadline of 5 p.m. ET July 25 has been set for abstract submissions for the 10th Annual Conference on the Science of Dissemination and Implementation in Health. The Dec. 4-6 conference in Washington, D.C., will be cohosted by the National Institutes of Health and AcademyHealth and cosponsored by AHRQ, the Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute, the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation and the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs. Tracks for this year's conference, titled "A Decade of Progress and the Path Forward," include behavioral health; big data and technology for dissemination and implementation research; building the future of dissemination and implementation research; clinical care settings; global dissemination and implementation; health policy dissemination and implementation; models, measures and methods; prevention and public health; and promoting health equity and eliminating disparities.
Register today for AHRQ’s TeamSTEPPS for Office-Based Care pilot course. Space is limited for the course, which focuses on enhancing communication and teamwork skills among office-based professionals to improve patient safety and quality of care. Participants may earn no-cost continuing education or continuing medical education credits for each activity completed. Master Trainer certificates will be awarded to participants who complete all course requirements.
In 2016, the Albuquerque Police Department became the first law enforcement agency in the nation to train its officers through videoconferencing with psychiatrists based on the AHRQ-funded Project ECHO learning model. Since then, the department has increased its focus on making mental health referrals instead of arrests, and an increasing number of agencies now receive the training. Access the impact case study.
Latent classes among recipients of a brief alcohol intervention: a replication analysis. Cochran G, Field C, DiClemente C, et al. Behav Med 2016;42(1):29-38. Epub 2014 Dec 3. Access the abstract on PubMed®.
The role of aging and disability resource centers in serving adults aging with intellectual disabilities and their families: findings from seven states. Coyle CE, Putman M, Kramer J, et al. J Aging Soc Policy 2016;28(1):1-14. Access the abstract on PubMed®.
Inappropriate antibiotic use and gastric acid suppression preceding Clostridium difficile infection. Croft L, Ladd J, Doll M, et al. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2016 Apr;37(4):494-5. Epub 2016 Jan 28. Access the abstract on PubMed®.
Do primary care medical homes facilitate care transitions after psychiatric discharge for patients with multiple chronic conditions? Domino ME, Jackson C, Beadles CA, et al. Gen Hosp Psychiatry 2016 Mar-Apr;39:59-65. Epub 2015 Nov 11. Access the abstract on PubMed®.
Emergency department screening for hepatitis C virus: geographic reach and spatial clustering in central Alabama. Donnelly JP, Franco RA, Wang HE, et al. Clin Infect Dis 2016 Mar 1;62(5):613-6. Epub 2015 Nov 26. Access the abstract on PubMed®.
Stigma, activism, and well-being among people living with HIV. Earnshaw VA, Rosenthal L, Lang SM. AIDS Care 2016;28(6):717-21. Epub 2016 Feb 6. Access the abstract on PubMed®.
Age of sexual debut and cannabis use in the United States. Cha S, Masho SW, Mezuk B. Subst Use Misuse 2016;51(4):439-48. Epub 2016 Feb 16. Access the abstract on PubMed®.
Comparing approaches to controlling Medicare spending. Chen LM, Norton EC, Birkmeyer JD. J Hosp Med 2016 Mar;11(3):215-6. Epub 2015 Dec 15. Access the abstract on PubMed®.
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