Research Proposals Due May 29 for Funding Opportunities on Diagnostic Safety and Social Determinants of Health

Issue 657
AHRQ News Now is a weekly newsletter that highlights agency research and program activities.
March 26, 2019

AHRQ Stats: Treatment for Adults Diagnosed With Diabetes

In 2015-16, only 15 percent of Asian adults diagnosed with diabetes reported using insulin injections to treat the condition, about half the rate of other racial/ethnic groups. Asians were more likely to report having their diabetes treated by diet modification and oral medication but no insulin injections. (Source: AHRQ, Medical Expenditure Panel Survey Statistical Brief #518: Treatment and Monitoring of Adults with Diagnosed Diabetes by Race/Ethnicity, 2015-2016.)

Today's Headlines:

Research Proposals Due May 29 for Funding Opportunities on Diagnostic Safety and Social Determinants of Health

New funding opportunity announcements from AHRQ seek research proposals in two areas:

  • Increasing understanding about how and why diagnostic errors occur. Diagnostic errors include missed and incorrect diagnoses as well as poorly communicated diagnoses, and are estimated to affect most people at least once in their lifetime. The funding announcement outlines three areas of interest: quantifying the incidence of diagnostic errors; understanding what contributes to these errors; and learning more about the link between diagnostic errors and outcomes, including adverse events. Access a recent AHRQ Views blog post on agency efforts to tackle diagnostic errors.
  • Using data analytics to promote health equity and improve chronic disease prevention and management through primary care and community interventions that address social determinants of health of at-risk individuals and populations. Access the funding announcement and forward questions to or

Letters of intent for both funding opportunities are due April 22, and the deadline for applications is May 29 at 5 p.m. local time of the applying organization.

Survey Indicates Nurses Favor Advanced Electronic Health Records Systems

Adoption of more comprehensive electronic health record (EHR) systems leads to greater satisfaction and use among nurses, as well as higher-quality care for patients, according to an AHRQ-funded study in Applied Clinical Informatics. Researchers surveyed more than 12,000 nurses in 157 hospitals with comprehensive EHR systems and 196 hospitals with basic systems or less. Hospitals with comprehensive systems had fewer workflow disruptions and staff concerns about EHR use. Overall, nurses working in better environments were significantly less likely to evaluate the EHR system negatively compared with nurses working in less favorable environments. Researchers concluded the findings suggest advanced EHR systems are associated with more positive usability ratings and higher nurse-reported quality of care. Access the abstract.

New AHRQ Grantee Profile Highlights How Pascale Carayon, Ph.D., Uses System Engineering To Improve Patient Safety

Our latest grantee profile examines how AHRQ-funded researcher Pascale Carayon, Ph.D., a professor of industrial and systems engineering at the University of Wisconsin, Madison, uses a systems engineering and human factors approach to devise solutions to previously hidden patient safety risks. This approach takes a comprehensive look at complex systems that goes beyond fixing a single element to rethinking how it interacts within the entire system, including clinicians, patients and health technologies. Access her profile as well as others that illustrate how AHRQ grantees have made major advances in health services research.  

Highlights From AHRQ’s Patient Safety Network

AHRQ’s Patient Safety Network (PSNet) highlights journal articles, books and tools related to patient safety. Articles featured this week include:

Review additional new publications in PSNet’s current issue or access recent cases and commentaries in AHRQ’s WebM&M (Morbidity and Mortality Rounds on the Web). 

Register Now for April 10 Webinar on Status of AHRQ’s Registry of Patient Registries and Outcomes Measure Repository

Registration is open for a webinar on April 10, from noon to 1 p.m. ET, to learn about the successes and status of the AHRQ-funded Registry of Patient Registries (RoPR) and Outcomes Measure Repository (OMR). The RoPR, which will be discontinued April 15, is a searchable, publicly available database that allows patient registry sponsors to share information about their registries to promote collaboration, reduce redundancy and improve transparency in registry-based research. The OMR is a centralized, Web-based repository of information about patient outcomes captured in patient registries. The webinar will highlight RoPR successes and discuss the future of both systems. 

AHRQ Report Examines Primary Care-Based Efforts To Reduce Hospital Readmissions

A new AHRQ environmental scan identifies key components that should be included in primary care–based efforts to reduce hospital readmissions. Researchers examined current evidence on reducing readmissions from the primary care perspective, with a focus on evidence from successful practices. Research from AHRQ’s Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project indicates high rates of readmissions in the Medicare and adult Medicaid population associated with prescribing errors and misdiagnoses of conditions in hospital and ambulatory care settings. Many efforts to reduce readmissions have focused on the hospital setting and the use of evidence-based programs such as AHRQ’s Re-Engineered Discharge (RED) toolkit. Investigators who reviewed primary care strategies to reduce readmissions found that the most effective interventions involved care coordination, medication management, post-discharge telephone outreach and patient education. Access the report

AHRQ in the Professional Literature

Strategies for improving the lives of US women aged 40 and above living with HIV/AIDS: an evidence map. Adam GP, Di M, Cu-Uvin S, et al. Syst Rev 2018 Feb 2;7(1):25. Access the abstract on PubMed®.

Non-medical use of prescription opioids is associated with heroin initiation among US veterans: a prospective cohort study. Banerjee G, Edelman EJ, Barry DT, et al. Addiction 2016 Nov;111(11):2021-31. Epub 2016 Aug 23. Access the abstract on PubMed®.

Workarounds and test results follow-up in electronic health record-based primary care. Menon S, Murphy DR, Singh H, et al. Appl Clin Inform 2016 Jun 22;7(2):543-59. eCollection 2016. Access the abstract on PubMed®.

Applying evidence from clinical trials: need for pediatric learning health system research. Mistry KB, Forrest CB. Pediatrics 2017 Dec;140(6). Epub 2017 Nov 2. Access the abstract on PubMed®.

Emergency department cardiopulmonary evaluation of low-risk chest pain patients with self-reported stress and anxiety. Musey PI, Jr., Kline JA. J Emerg Med 2017 Mar;52(3):273-9. Epub 2016 Dec 18. Access the abstract on PubMed®.

Simulation research in gastrointestinal and urologic care-challenges and opportunities: summary of a National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases and National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering workshop. Aggarwal R, Brown KM, de Groen PC, et al. Ann Surg 2018 Jan;267(1):26-34. Access the abstract on PubMed®.

Prevalence of housing problems among community health center patients. Baggett TP, Berkowitz SA, Fung V, et al. JAMA 2018 Feb 20;319(7):717-9. Access the abstract on PubMed®.

Early life body fatness, serum anti-Müllerian hormone, and breast density in young adult women. Bertrand KA, Baer HJ, Orav EJ, et al. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 2016 Jul;25(7):1151-7. Epub 2016 May 9. Access the abstract on PubMed®.

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Page last reviewed March 2019
Page originally created March 2019
Internet Citation: Research Proposals Due May 29 for Funding Opportunities on Diagnostic Safety and Social Determinants of Health. Content last reviewed March 2019. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Rockville, MD.
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