192. Specific Populations and Other Topics (Continued)
Treating Tobacco Use and Dependence: 2008 Update
Evidence of effectiveness of tobacco dependence interventions in specific populations
|Population of Smokers||Review of Evidence|
|Hospitalized patients||2007 Cochrane analyses revealed that intensive intervention (inpatient contact plus follow-up for at least one month) was associated with a significantly higher quit rate compared to control conditions (OR = 1.65, 95% CI 1.44-1.90, 17 trials). Specific additional Cochrane findings:
Interventions that have been shown to be effective in individual studies are: counseling and medication and other psychosocial interventions including self-help via brochure or audio/videotape, chart prompt reminding physician to advise smoking cessation, hospital counseling, and post discharge counseling telephone calls. Some data suggest NRT might not be appropriate in intensive care patients.
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