73. For the Patient Unwilling To Quit (Continued)

Treating Tobacco Use and Dependence: 2008 Update

Text version of slide presentation.

The "5 Rs"

Text description is below image

Rewards The clinician should ask the patient to identify potential benefits of stopping tobacco use. The clinician may suggest and highlight those that seem most relevant to the patient. Examples of rewards follow:

  • Improved health.
  • Food will taste better.
  • Improved sense of smell.
  • Saving money.
  • Feeling better about yourself.
  • Home, car, clothing, breath will smell better.
  • Having healthier babies and children.
  • Setting a good example for children and decrease the likelihood that they will smoke.
  • Feeling better physically.
  • Performing better in physical activities.
  • Improved appearance including reduced wrinkling/aging of skin and whiter teeth.
Roadblocks The clinician should ask the patient to identify barriers or impediments to quitting and provide treatment (problem-solving counseling, medication) that could address barriers. Typical barriers might include:

  • Withdrawal symptoms.
  • Fear of failure.
  • Weight gain.
  • Lack of support.
  • Depression.
  • Enjoyment of tobacco.
  • Being around other tobacco users.
  • Limited knowledge of effective treatment options.

The motivational intervention should be repeated every time an unmotivated patient visits the clinic setting.

Tobacco users who have failed in previous quit attempts should be told that most people make repeated quit attempts before they are successful.

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Page last reviewed October 2014
Page originally created September 2012
Internet Citation: 73. For the Patient Unwilling To Quit (Continued). Content last reviewed October 2014. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Rockville, MD. http://www.ahrq.gov/professionals/clinicians-providers/guidelines-recommendations/tobacco/clinicians/presentations/2008update-full/slide73.html