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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 15 of 15 Research Studies Displayed
Topham EW, Bristol A, Luther B
Caregiver inclusion in IDEAL discharge teaching: implications for transitions from hospital to home.
The purpose of this study was to explore perceptions of caregivers regarding their discharge preparation, focusing particular attention on whether and how they believed discharge preparation impacted post-discharge patient outcomes. Through interviews with four English-speaking caregivers, findings showed that, once home, the caregivers reported gaps in their knowledge of how to care for the patient, suggesting key gaps related to knowledge of warning signs and problems. Two of the four caregiver participants attributed a hospital readmission to post-discharge knowledge gaps. This study of caregiver experiences suggests that AHRQ’s IDEAL discharge planning strategy remains a useful and important framework for case managers to follow when providing discharge services.
Citation: Topham EW, Bristol A, Luther B . Caregiver inclusion in IDEAL discharge teaching: implications for transitions from hospital to home. Prof Case Manag 2022 Jul-Aug;27(4):181-93. doi: 10.1097/ncm.0000000000000563..
Keywords: Hospital Discharge, Transitions of Care, Caregiving
Giesler DL, Krein S, Brancaccio A
Reducing overuse of antibiotics at discharge home: a single-center mixed methods pilot study.
This article described a single-center, controlled pilot study of a pharmacist-facilitated antibiotic timeout prior to hospital discharge. The timeout addressed key elements of duration and was designed and implemented using iterative cycles with rapid feedback. The authors evaluated implementation outcomes related to feasibility, including usability, adherence, and acceptability. The pharmacists conducted 288 antibiotic timeouts with a mean duration of 2.5 minutes. Pharmacists recommended an antibiotic change in 25% of timeouts with 70% of recommended changes accepted by hospitalists. Barriers included unanticipated and weekend discharges. There were no differences in antibiotic use after discharge during the intervention compared to control services.
Citation: Giesler DL, Krein S, Brancaccio A . Reducing overuse of antibiotics at discharge home: a single-center mixed methods pilot study. Am J Infect Control 2022 Jul;50(7):777-86. doi: 10.1016/j.ajic.2021.11.016..
Keywords: Antibiotics, Antimicrobial Stewardship, Medication, Hospital Discharge, Transitions of Care
May HP, Krauter AK, Finnie DM
Optimising transitions of care for acute kidney injury survivors: protocol for a mixed-methods study of nephrologist and primary care provider recommendations.
Gaps in proper kidney care after acute kidney injury (AKI) in hospital patients can contribute to long term complications for those individuals. The purpose of this study is to provide an in-depth assessment of nephrologists’ and primary care providers’ approaches to follow-up care after in-hospital acute kidney injury (AKI). The researchers will utilize a mixed-methods study to assess provider recommendations and decision-making for post-AKI care.
Citation: May HP, Krauter AK, Finnie DM . Optimising transitions of care for acute kidney injury survivors: protocol for a mixed-methods study of nephrologist and primary care provider recommendations. BMJ Open 2022 Jun 22;12(6):e058613. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2021-058613..
Keywords: Kidney Disease and Health, Transitions of Care
Usher MC, Tignanelli CJ, Hilliard B
Responding to COVID-19 through interhospital resource coordination: a mixed-methods evaluation
Researchers sought to describe a novel hospital system approach to managing the COVID-19 pandemic, including multihospital coordination capability and transfer of COVID-19 patients to a single, dedicated hospital. They found that, with standardized communication, interhospital transfers were a safe and effective method of cohorting COVID-19 patients, were well-received by health care providers, and had the potential to improve care quality.
AHRQ-funded; HS026379; HS026732.
Citation: Usher MC, Tignanelli CJ, Hilliard B . Responding to COVID-19 through interhospital resource coordination: a mixed-methods evaluation J Patient Saf 2022 Jun 1;18(4):287-94. doi: 10.1097/pts.0000000000000916..
Keywords: COVID-19, Hospitals, Healthcare Delivery, Public Health, Care Coordination, Transitions of Care
Yu A, Jordan SR, Gilmartin H
"Our hands are tied until your doctor gets here": nursing perspectives on inter-hospital transfers.
The purpose of this study was to characterize the experiences of inpatient floor-level bedside nurses caring for inter-hospital transfer (IHT) patients and to identify care coordination challenges and solutions. Results from this study are mapped to AHRQ’s Care Coordination Measurement Framework domains of communication, assessing needs and goals, and negotiating accountability. Findings showed that three key themes characterized nurses' experiences with IHT related to these domains: challenges with information exchange and team communication during IHT, environmental and information preparation needed to anticipate transfers, and determining responsibility and care plans after the IHT patient has arrived at the accepting facility.
Citation: Yu A, Jordan SR, Gilmartin H . "Our hands are tied until your doctor gets here": nursing perspectives on inter-hospital transfers. J Gen Intern Med 2022 May;37(7):1729-36. doi: 10.1007/s11606-021-07276-5..
Keywords: Transitions of Care, Hospitals, Provider: Nurse
Sharara SL, Arbaje AI, Cosgrove SE
The voice of the patient: patient roles in antibiotic management at the hospital-to-home transition.
The objective of this study was to characterize tasks required for patient-performed antibiotic medication management (MM) at the hospital-to-home transition, as well as barriers to and strategies for patient-led antibiotic MM. The overall goal was to understand patients' role in managing antibiotics at the hospital-to-home transition. The investigators concluded that there are many opportunities to improve patient-led antibiotic MM at the hospital-to-home transition.
Citation: Sharara SL, Arbaje AI, Cosgrove SE . The voice of the patient: patient roles in antibiotic management at the hospital-to-home transition. J Patient Saf 2022 Apr 1;18(3):e633-e39. doi: 10.1097/pts.0000000000000899..
Keywords: Antibiotics, Antimicrobial Stewardship, Medication, Hospital Discharge, Transitions of Care, Patient Self-Management
Hoonakker PLT, Hose BZ, Carayon P
Scenario-based evaluation of team health information technology to support pediatric trauma care transitions.
This study’s objective was to examine if the Teamwork Transition Technology (T(3)) supports teams and team cognition. Using a scenario-based mock-up methodology with 36 clinicians and staff from the different units and departments who are involved in pediatric trauma to examine T(3), results showed that most participants agreed that the technology helped to achieve the goals set out in the design phase. Respondents thought that T(3) organized and presented information in a different way that was helpful to them. The authors concluded that the results of their evaluation showed that participants agreed that T(3) does support them in their work and increases their situation awareness.
Citation: Hoonakker PLT, Hose BZ, Carayon P . Scenario-based evaluation of team health information technology to support pediatric trauma care transitions. Appl Clin Inform 2022 Jan;13(1):218-29. doi: 10.1055/s-0042-1742368.
Keywords: Children/Adolescents, Transitions of Care, Health Information Technology (HIT), Teams, Trauma
Moyer VA, Papile LA, Eichenwald E
An intervention to improve transitions from NICU to ambulatory care: quasi-experimental study.
The authors tested whether a multifaceted intervention that included a health coach to assist families and an enhanced personal health record to improve the quality of information available to parents and community professionals would decrease adverse events and improve family assessment of the transition of infants born prematurely or with complex medical problems to home. They found that a multicomponent discharge intervention designed to address specific problems identified using Healthcare Failure Modes and Effects Analysis did not reduce certain adverse outcomes in the post-discharge period.
Citation: Moyer VA, Papile LA, Eichenwald E . An intervention to improve transitions from NICU to ambulatory care: quasi-experimental study. BMJ Qual Saf 2014 Dec;23(12):e3. doi: 10.1136/bmjqs-2012-001726.
Keywords: Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU), Ambulatory Care and Surgery, Patient Safety, Quality Improvement, Transitions of Care
Davis AM, Brown RF, Taylor JL
Transition care for children with special health care needs.
This article examined 25 studies evaluating transition care programs for children with special health care needs moving from pediatric to adult care. The majority of studies concerned patients with diabetes or transplant patients.The authors also interviewed key informants representing clinicians who provide transition care. They found that there is no accepted way to measure transition success.
Citation: Davis AM, Brown RF, Taylor JL . Transition care for children with special health care needs. Pediatrics. 2014 Nov;134(5):900-8. doi: 10.1542/peds.2014-1909..
Keywords: Children/Adolescents, Transitions of Care, Chronic Conditions
Garfield CF, Lee Y, Kim HN
Paternal and maternal concerns for their very low-birth-weight infants transitioning from the NICU to home.
The authors examined the concerns and coping mechanisms of fathers and mothers of very low-birth-weight neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) infants as they transition to home from the NICU. They found that overriding concerns included pervasive uncertainty, lingering medical concerns, and partner-related adjustment concerns that differed by gender. They concluded that many parental concerns can be addressed with improved discharge information exchanges and anticipatory guidance.
Citation: Garfield CF, Lee Y, Kim HN . Paternal and maternal concerns for their very low-birth-weight infants transitioning from the NICU to home. J Perinat Neonatal Nurs 2014 Oct-Dec;28(4):305-12. doi: 10.1097/jpn.0000000000000021.
Keywords: Care Coordination, Hospital Discharge, Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU), Newborns/Infants, Transitions of Care
Foster NA, Elfenbein DM, Kelley W, Jr.
Comparison of helicopter versus ground transport for the interfacility transport of isolated spinal injury.
The investigators aimed to determine whether ground transport (GT) for interfacility transfer of patients with spinal injury resulted in less favorable clinical outcomes compared with helicopter aeromedical transport systems (HEMS). They found that GT for interfacility transfer of patients with spinal injury appears to be safe and suitable for patients who lack other compelling reasons for HEMS.
Citation: Foster NA, Elfenbein DM, Kelley W, Jr. . Comparison of helicopter versus ground transport for the interfacility transport of isolated spinal injury. Spine J 2014 Jul;14(7):1147-54. doi: 10.1016/j.spinee.2013.07.478.
Keywords: Patient Safety, Patient-Centered Outcomes Research, Spinal Cord Injury, Transitions of Care
O'Toole JK, West DC, Starmer AJ
Placing faculty development front and center in a multisite educational initiative: lessons from the I-PASS Handoff study.
The authors describe their experience developing a multi-institutional faculty development program to support the I-PASS (IIPE-PRIS Accelerating Safe Signouts) Study and offer a set of generalizable strategies to guide the creation of other large-scale, multi-institutional faculty development programs. They conclude that the lessons learned inform a set of key strategies that can be applied to a broad range of similar large-scale faculty development projects in the future.
Citation: O'Toole JK, West DC, Starmer AJ . Placing faculty development front and center in a multisite educational initiative: lessons from the I-PASS Handoff study. Acad Pediatr 2014 May-Jun;14(3):221-4. doi: 10.1016/j.acap.2014.02.013.
Keywords: Education: Curriculum, Provider, Patient-Centered Healthcare, Transitions of Care
Black JT, Romano PS, Sadeghi B
A remote monitoring and telephone nurse coaching intervention to reduce readmissions among patients with heart failure: study protocol for the Better
The objective of this randomized controlled comparative effectiveness study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a care transition intervention that included pre-discharge education about heart failure and post-discharge telephone nurse coaching combined with home telemonitoring of weight, blood pressure, heart rate, and symptoms in reducing all-cause 180-day hospital readmissions for older adults hospitalized with heart failure.
Citation: Black JT, Romano PS, Sadeghi B . A remote monitoring and telephone nurse coaching intervention to reduce readmissions among patients with heart failure: study protocol for the Better Trials 2014 Apr 13;15:124. doi: 10.1186/1745-6215-15-124..
Keywords: Cardiovascular Conditions, Comparative Effectiveness, Health Information Technology (HIT), Heart Disease and Health, Hospital Readmissions, Telehealth, Transitions of Care
Ritholz MD, Wolpert H, Beste M
Patient-provider relationships across the transition from pediatric to adult diabetes care: a qualitative study.
The purpose of this study was to explore perceptions that emerging adults with type 1 diabetes (T1D) have of their patient-provider relationships across the transition from pediatric to adult care. Several themes emerged from the analysis including the importance of improving provider approaches to transition. Patients recommended that pediatric providers actively promote emerging adults’ autonomy while maintaining parental support.
Citation: Ritholz MD, Wolpert H, Beste M . Patient-provider relationships across the transition from pediatric to adult diabetes care: a qualitative study. Diabetes Educ 2014 Jan-Feb;40(1):40-7. doi: 10.1177/0145721713513177..
Keywords: Chronic Conditions, Diabetes, Patient Experience, Clinician-Patient Communication, Transitions of Care
AHRQ Author: Clancy CM
New hospital readmission policy links financial and quality incentives.
This article describes AHRQ-related projects to reduce hospital readmissions, including Porject RED (Re-Engineered Discharge), Project BOOST (Better Outcomes for Older adults through Safe Transitions), and Patient Safety Organizations (PSOs).
Citation: Clancy CM . New hospital readmission policy links financial and quality incentives. J Nurs Care Qual 2013 Jan-Mar;28(1):1-4. doi: 10.1097/NCQ.0b013e3182725d82.
Keywords: Elderly, Hospital Discharge, Patient Safety, Hospital Readmissions, Transitions of Care