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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 5 of 5 Research Studies Displayed
Sherman M, Leland F, Ross B
Simopoly: improving simulation center operations through a tabletop simulation exercise.
In this article, the authors described a novel simulation, Simopoly, designed to provide the opportunity to think creatively about simulation center staff development, retention, and promotion in the context of daily operations and management.
AHRQ-funded; HS020295; HS022458.
Citation: Sherman M, Leland F, Ross B . Simopoly: improving simulation center operations through a tabletop simulation exercise. Simul Healthc 2014 Oct;9(5):304-11. doi: 10.1097/sih.0000000000000051.
Keywords: Provider, Quality Improvement, Training
Smith CS, Hill W, Francovich C
Diagnostic reasoning across the medical education continuum.
The researchers aimed to study linguistic and non-linguistic elements of diagnostic reasoning across the continuum of medical education. They identified three major findings: (1) The "apprentice effect" in novices (high stress and low narrative competence); (2) logistic concept growth in intermediates; and (3) a cognitive state transition (between analytical and intuitive approaches) in experts.
Citation: Smith CS, Hill W, Francovich C . Diagnostic reasoning across the medical education continuum. Healthcare 2014 Jul 15;2(3):253-71. doi: 10.3390/healthcare2030253.
Keywords: Education: Continuing Medical Education, Education: Continuing Medical Education, Patient Safety, Training
Wehbe-Janek H, Pliego J, Sheather S
System-based interprofessional simulation-based training program increases awareness and use of rapid response teams.
The objective of this study was to develop and implement an interprofessional simulation-based training program for rapid response and cardiac arrest emergencies with emphasis on early recognition and effective communication. The researchers concluded that their study demonstrated that rapid response team underuse due to system barriers may be overcome by this type of program targeting specific needs of the institution.
Citation: Wehbe-Janek H, Pliego J, Sheather S . System-based interprofessional simulation-based training program increases awareness and use of rapid response teams. Jt Comm J Qual Patient Saf. 2014 Jun;40(6):279-87..
Keywords: Critical Care, Cardiovascular Conditions, Simulation, Training, Communication
Boyer DL, Nishisaki A
Evaluating patient outcomes in medical education research: mission impossible?*.
This editorial examines evaluation of the impact of pediatric supplemental crisis resource management (CRM) training among first- and second-year residents. The author suggests that increasing CRM training and using debriefing for skill retention may link this training to patient outcomes.
Citation: Boyer DL, Nishisaki A . Evaluating patient outcomes in medical education research: mission impossible?*. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2014 May;15(4):382-4. doi: 10.1097/pcc.0000000000000116..
Keywords: Education: Continuing Medical Education, Outcomes, Children/Adolescents, Training
Pershing S, Fuchs VR
Restructuring medical education to meet current and future health care needs.
The authors ask whether the duration, sequencing, and requirements of medical education are appropriate to meet current and future challenges to medical care. They conclude that a much more agile system that prepares physicians to practice in a changing environment is needed. This will require change at both the macro regulatory level (e.g., accreditation bodies and specialty boards) as well as the micro level of individual programs taking initiative in innovation.
Citation: Pershing S, Fuchs VR . Restructuring medical education to meet current and future health care needs. Acad Med 2013 Dec;88(12):1798-801. doi: 10.1097/acm.0000000000000020..
Keywords: Education: Academic, Education: Continuing Medical Education, Innovations and Emerging Issues, Teams, Training