Search All Research Studies
AHRQ Research Studies Date
AHRQ Research Studies
Sign up: AHRQ Research Studies Email updates
Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 4 of 4 Research Studies Displayed
Bhave PD, Lu X, Girotra S
Race- and sex-related differences in care for patients newly diagnosed with atrial fibrillation.
The researchers sought to determine whether significant race and sex differences exist in the treatment of newly diagnosed AF in Medicare beneficiaries. They found that there were statistically significant differences in the use of AF-related services by both race and sex, with white patients and male patients receiving the most care.
Citation: Bhave PD, Lu X, Girotra S . Race- and sex-related differences in care for patients newly diagnosed with atrial fibrillation. Heart Rhythm 2015 Jul;12(7):1406-12. doi: 10.1016/j.hrthm.2015.03.031..
Keywords: Heart Disease and Health, Cardiovascular Conditions, Racial / Ethnic Minorities, Sex Factors, Disparities
D'Onofrio G, Safdar B, Lichtman JH
Sex differences in reperfusion in young patients with ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction: results from the VIRGO study.
Sex disparities in reperfusion therapy for patients with acute ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction have been documented. The authors tested these patterns in the comparison of young women with men.They found that young women with ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction are less likely to receive reperfusion therapy and more likely to have reperfusion delays than similarly aged men.
Citation: D'Onofrio G, Safdar B, Lichtman JH . Sex differences in reperfusion in young patients with ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction: results from the VIRGO study. Circulation 2015 Apr 14;131(15):1324-32. doi: 10.1161/circulationaha.114.012293.
Keywords: Cardiovascular Conditions, Disparities, Heart Disease and Health, Patient-Centered Outcomes Research, Sex Factors
Duffy RP, Adams JE, Callas PW
The influence of gender on functional outcomes of lower extremity bypass.
The researchers aimed to evaluate the effect of gender on early and late procedural and functional outcomes of lower extremity bypass (LEB). They found that women have complication rates similar to men with inferior early and late functional outcomes after LEB. The reduced patency rates in women with critical limb ischemia did not translate into differences in limb salvage.
Citation: Duffy RP, Adams JE, Callas PW . The influence of gender on functional outcomes of lower extremity bypass. J Vasc Surg 2014 Nov;60(5):1282-90, 90.e1. doi: 10.1016/j.jvs.2014.05.008.
Keywords: Cardiovascular Conditions, Outcomes, Sex Factors, Surgery
Strom Williams JL, Lynch CP, Winchester R
Gender differences in composite control of cardiovascular risk factors among patients with type 2 diabetes.
This study examined the gender differences in multiple cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factor control in adults with type 2 diabetes seen in diverse clinical settings. It found that women had significantly poorer composite control of CVD risk outcomes compared with men, adjusting for relevant confounding factors. In unadjusted analyses, women had higher mean systolic blood pressure and LDL cholesterol levels compared with men.
Citation: Strom Williams JL, Lynch CP, Winchester R . Gender differences in composite control of cardiovascular risk factors among patients with type 2 diabetes. Diabetes Technol Ther 2014 Jul;16(7):421-7. doi: 10.1089/dia.2013.0329..
Keywords: Cardiovascular Conditions, Risk, Diabetes, Outcomes, Sex Factors