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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 5 of 5 Research Studies Displayed
Iroz CB, Dahl CM, Cassimatis IR
Prophylactic anticoagulation for preterm premature rupture of membranes: a decision analysis.
The objective of this study was to determine the optimal modality for venous thromboembolism prophylaxis during hospitalization for preterm premature rupture of membranes using a decision analysis model. The investigators concluded that their results did not support the routine use of prophylactic anticoagulation in women admitted to the hospital for preterm premature rupture of membranes.
Citation: Iroz CB, Dahl CM, Cassimatis IR . Prophylactic anticoagulation for preterm premature rupture of membranes: a decision analysis. Am J Obstet Gynecol MFM 2021 May;3(3):100311. doi: 10.1016/j.ajogmf.2021.100311..
Keywords: Blood Clots, Blood Thinners, Prevention, Decision Making, Pregnancy, Maternal Care, Inpatient Care, Women, Medication
Beckman MG, Abe K, Barnes K
AHRQ Author: Brady PJ
Strategies and partnerships toward prevention of healthcare-associated venous thromboembolism.
This issue of the Journal of Hospital Medicine showcases the initiatives of several of the CDC’s healthcare-associated venous thromboembolism (HA-VTE) prevention champions. The CDC and AHRQ are partnering to disseminate and promote these best practices. In addition to this challenge, the CDC, AHRQ and the Joint Commission Center for Transforming Healthcare are working on activities and programs dedicated to improving prevention of HA-VTE. They are summarized in the article.
Citation: Beckman MG, Abe K, Barnes K . Strategies and partnerships toward prevention of healthcare-associated venous thromboembolism. J Hosp Med 2016 Dec;11 Suppl 2:S5-s7. doi: 10.1002/jhm.2659.
Keywords: Prevention, Blood Clots, Quality Improvement, Guidelines, Adverse Events
Lau BD, Haut ER, Hobson DB
ICD-9 code-based venous thromboembolism performance targets fail to measure up.
Suboptimal prevention practices have prompted payers to consider hospital-associated Venous thromboembolism (VTE) as a potentially preventable condition for which financial incentives or penalties exist to drive practice improvement. The authors reviewed a subset of hospital-associated VTE that were identified by ICD-9 codes used by a state-run pay-for-performance quality improvement program and discuss their findings.
Citation: Lau BD, Haut ER, Hobson DB . ICD-9 code-based venous thromboembolism performance targets fail to measure up. Am J Med Qual 2016 Sep;31(5):448-53. doi: 10.1177/1062860615583547.
Keywords: Healthcare-Associated Infections (HAIs), Quality Indicators (QIs), Prevention, Hospitals, Quality Improvement, Blood Clots, Payment, Provider Performance
Streiff MB, Brady JP, Grant AM
AHRQ Author: Brady JP
CDC Grand Rounds: preventing hospital-associated venous thromboembolism.
Approximately half of new venous thromboembolism (VTE) cases occur during a hospital stay or within 90 days of an inpatient admission or surgical procedure, and many are not diagnosed until after discharge. Prevention of VTE can be complicated as physicians must balance the risk for thrombosis with the risk for bleeding from anticoagulants. A collaborative, team-based approach to care is needed for significant and sustained improvement, and it also offers efficiency and capacity to tackle other patient safety problems.
Citation: Streiff MB, Brady JP, Grant AM . CDC Grand Rounds: preventing hospital-associated venous thromboembolism. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2014 Mar 7;63(9):190-3.
Keywords: Blood Clots, Healthcare-Associated Infections (HAIs), Hospitalization, Prevention, Teams
Lau BD, Haut ER
Practices to prevent venous thromboembolism: a brief review.
The purpose of this review is to provide an update on the most effective interventions aimed at improving adherence to guidelines on the use of venous thromboembolism (VTE) prevention strategies. After reviewing sixteen studies, the researchers concluded that the greatest and most sustained improvements were those that combined education with computerised tools.
Citation: Lau BD, Haut ER . Practices to prevent venous thromboembolism: a brief review. BMJ Qual Saf 2014 Mar;23(3):187-95. doi: 10.1136/bmjqs-2012-001782..
Keywords: Comparative Effectiveness, Blood Clots, Prevention, Decision Making, Guidelines