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Research Studies is a compilation of published research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers.
Results1 to 4 of 4 Research Studies Displayed
Melcher ML, Roberts JP, Leichtman AB
Utilization of deceased donor kidneys to initiate living donor chains.
The authors proposed that some deceased donor kidneys be allocated to initiate nonsimultaneous extended altruistic donor chains of living donor kidney transplants. They hypothesized that a pilot program would show a positive impact on patients of all ethnicities and blood types.
Citation: Melcher ML, Roberts JP, Leichtman AB . Utilization of deceased donor kidneys to initiate living donor chains. Am J Transplant 2016 May;16(5):1367-70. doi: 10.1111/ajt.13740.
Keywords: Healthcare Delivery, Kidney Disease and Health, Policy, Transplantation
Santos CA, Brennan DC, Saeed MJ
Pharmacoepidemiology of cytomegalovirus prophylaxis in a large retrospective cohort of kidney transplant recipients with Medicare Part D coverage.
The researchers sought to determine real-world use of cytomegalovirus (CMV) prophylaxis. They found that variability in usage of prophylaxis among transplant centers was greater than variability within transplant centers. They concluded that limiting unnecessary use of CMV prophylaxis may decrease healthcare costs and drug-related harms.
Citation: Santos CA, Brennan DC, Saeed MJ . Pharmacoepidemiology of cytomegalovirus prophylaxis in a large retrospective cohort of kidney transplant recipients with Medicare Part D coverage. Clin Transplant 2016 Apr;30(4):435-44. doi: 10.1111/ctr.12706.
Keywords: Adverse Drug Events (ADE), Kidney Disease and Health, Medication, Prevention, Transplantation
Zhang Y, Thamer M, Kshirsagar O
Dialysis chains and placement on the waiting list for a cadaveric kidney transplant.
The purpose of this paper is to investigate the effect of dialysis facility chain status on renal transplantation therapy. The researchers concluded that dialysis chain affiliation expands previously observed ownership-related differences in placement on the waiting list, and for-profit ownership of dialysis chain facilities appears to be a significant impediment to access to renal transplants.
Citation: Zhang Y, Thamer M, Kshirsagar O . Dialysis chains and placement on the waiting list for a cadaveric kidney transplant. Transplantation 2014 Sep 15;98(5):543-51. doi: 10.1097/tp.0000000000000106.
Keywords: Kidney Disease and Health, Transplantation, Access to Care
Davis AE, Mehrotra S, Kilambi V
The effect of the Statewide Sharing variance on geographic disparity in kidney transplantation in the United States.
This study examined the effect of Statewide Sharing on geographic allocation disparity over time between donor service areas (DSAs) within Tennessee and Florida and compared them with geographic disparity between the DSAs within a state for all states with more than one DSA (California, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Texas, and Wisconsin). Findings suggested that changes which are untested run the risk of unintended consequences, and Statewide Sharing should be further studied and considered.
Citation: Davis AE, Mehrotra S, Kilambi V . The effect of the Statewide Sharing variance on geographic disparity in kidney transplantation in the United States. Clin J Am Soc Nephrol 2014 Aug 7;9(8):1449-60. doi: 10.2215/cjn.05350513.
Keywords: Chronic Conditions, Disparities, Kidney Disease and Health, Policy, Transplantation