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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 9 of 9 Research Studies Displayed
Manjunath J, Silverberg JI
Association of sleep disturbances with geriatric age in atopic dermatitis patients.
The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to investigate the association of geriatric age with atopic dermatitis (AD) severity and sleep disturbances (SD). Patients over the age of 18 seen at an eczema clinic were recruited and completed a self-administered questionnaire for encounters between 2014 and 2019. AD severity was assessed using the patient-oriented eczema measure (POEM), eczema area and severity index, Scoring AD (SCORAD), SCORAD-itch, investigator global assessment, and patient global assessment. The frequency of SD due to eczema was assessed using POEM. The impact of itching on the activity of falling asleep was assessed using 5 dimensions (5D) of itch. Fatigue was assessed using the patient-reported outcome measurement information system (PROMIS)-global health. Difficulty sleeping, falling asleep, and staying asleep was assessed using PROMIS-SD. The study found that geriatric AD patients had more profound SD, particularly staying asleep and fatigue, despite having AD severity similar to younger adult AD patients. The researchers concluded that future research is needed to understand why there is a difference between geriatric and non-geriatric patients as related to increased itching from atopic dermatitis and sleep disorders.
Citation: Manjunath J, Silverberg JI . Association of sleep disturbances with geriatric age in atopic dermatitis patients. J Am Acad Dermatol 2022 Jul;87(1):206-08. doi: 10.1016/j.jaad.2021.07.039..
Keywords: Elderly, Sleep Problems, Skin Conditions
Wickwire EM, Bailey MD, Somers VK
CPAP adherence is associated with reduced inpatient utilization among older adult Medicare beneficiaries with pre-existing cardiovascular disease.
The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of adherence to continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy on health care utilization among a nationally representative and sample of older adults with multiple morbidities and pre-existing cardiovascular disease and subsequently diagnosed with obstructive sleep apnea in the United States. The investigators concluded that in this nationally representative sample of older Medicare beneficiaries with multiple morbidities and relative to low adherers, high adherers demonstrated reduced inpatient utilization.
Citation: Wickwire EM, Bailey MD, Somers VK . CPAP adherence is associated with reduced inpatient utilization among older adult Medicare beneficiaries with pre-existing cardiovascular disease. J Clin Sleep Med 2022 Jan;18(1):39-45. doi: 10.5664/jcsm.9478..
Keywords: Elderly, Medicare, Sleep Problems, Cardiovascular Conditions, Patient Adherence/Compliance, Hospitalization
Zhou NY, Nili A, Blackwell CK
Parent report of sleep health and attention regulation in a cross-sectional study of infants and preschool-aged children with atopic dermatitis.
Older children with atopic dermatitis (AD) suffer from poor sleep and attention problems. However, until recently, the dearth of developmentally sensitive assessment tools impeded characterization in younger children. In this study the investigators aimed to characterize sleep and attention problems in young children with AD and identify modifiable factors. The investigators concluded that more severe AD correlates with poor sleep health and attention dysregulation.
Citation: Zhou NY, Nili A, Blackwell CK . Parent report of sleep health and attention regulation in a cross-sectional study of infants and preschool-aged children with atopic dermatitis. Pediatr Dermatol 2022 Jan;39(1):61-68. doi: 10.1111/pde.14889..
Keywords: Children/Adolescents, Newborns/Infants, Sleep Problems, Skin Conditions
Donovan LM, Rise PJ, Carson SS
Sleep disturbance in smokers with preserved pulmonary function and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
This study compared the magnitude and correlates of sleep disturbance between smokers with preserved pulmonary function and those with airflow obstruction. It found that among smokers with clinically identified chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), the severity of sleep disturbance is greater among those with preserved pulmonary function compared to those with airflow obstruction. Non-respiratory symptoms, such as depression, were associated with sleep disturbance in both groups.
Citation: Donovan LM, Rise PJ, Carson SS . Sleep disturbance in smokers with preserved pulmonary function and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Ann Am Thorac Soc 2017 Dec;14(12):1836-43. doi: 10.1513/AnnalsATS.201706-453OC.
Keywords: Respiratory Conditions, Sleep Problems, Sleep Apnea, Tobacco Use, Chronic Conditions
Taylor HA, Morales C, Wilfond BS
A trial to test a novel approach to diabetes prevention.
This report presents a case introduction and summary in which the study under consideration planned to randomize patients at risk of diabetes (Type 2) to positive airway pressure (PAP) therapy to prevent the progression from prediabetes to diabetes (Type 2).
Citation: Taylor HA, Morales C, Wilfond BS . A trial to test a novel approach to diabetes prevention. Am J Bioeth 2017 Oct;17(10):74-75. doi: 10.1080/15265161.2017.1366200..
Keywords: Diabetes, Prevention, Sleep Problems, Sleep Apnea
McNellis RJ, Thomas S
AHRQ Author: McNellis RJ
Screening for obstructive sleep apnea in adults.
This case study involves a 52-year-old white man who presents to your office for a preventive health visit. He is overweight and has a history of hypertension and hyperlipidemia, which are stable and well controlled with medication. The study poses three multiple choice questions together with the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recommendations and related background information.
Citation: McNellis RJ, Thomas S . Screening for obstructive sleep apnea in adults. Am Fam Physician 2017 Jul 15;96(2):123-24.
Keywords: U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF), Sleep Apnea, Screening, Sleep Problems, Case Study
Fogelberg DJ, Leland NE, Blanchard J
Qualitative experience of sleep in individuals with spinal cord injury.
The objective of this study was to examine the experience of sleep among individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI). Sleep-related data were found in transcripts for 90 percent of the sample. Participants described diminished sleep duration and irregular sleep patterns. Several factors contributing to poor sleep were identified, including SCI-related circumstances and sleep environment. Participants also discussed how poor sleep affected occupational engagement.
Citation: Fogelberg DJ, Leland NE, Blanchard J . Qualitative experience of sleep in individuals with spinal cord injury. OTJR 2017 Apr;37(2):89-97. doi: 10.1177/1539449217691978.
Keywords: Patient-Centered Outcomes Research, Quality of Life, Sleep Problems, Spinal Cord Injury
Petrov ME, Kim Y, Lauderdale DS
Objective sleep, a novel risk factor for alterations in kidney function: the CARDIA study.
The investigators determined the association between objectively measured sleep and 10-year changes in estimated glomerular filtration rate. They found that, in this community-based sample, shorter sleep and poorer sleep quality were related to higher kidney filtration rates over 10 years.
Citation: Petrov ME, Kim Y, Lauderdale DS . Objective sleep, a novel risk factor for alterations in kidney function: the CARDIA study. Sleep Med 2014 Sep;15(9):1140-6. doi: 10.1016/j.sleep.2014.05.021.
Keywords: Risk, Risk, Sleep Problems
Petrov ME, Howard VJ, Kleindorfer D
Over-the-counter and prescription sleep medication and incident stroke: the REasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke study.
The authors investigated the relation between sleep medication use and incident stroke. At the sleep assessment, 9.6% of the participants used prescription sleep medication and 11.1% used over-the-counter sleep aids. Over an average follow-up of 3.3 ± 1.0 years, 297 stroke events occurred. The authors found that over-the-counter sleep medication use was associated with increased risk of incident stroke; however, there was no significant association with prescription sleep medications. They concluded that over-the-counter sleep medication use may independently increase the risk of stroke beyond other risk factors in middle-aged to older individuals with no history of stroke.
Citation: Petrov ME, Howard VJ, Kleindorfer D . Over-the-counter and prescription sleep medication and incident stroke: the REasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke study. J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis 2014 Sep;23(8):2110-6. doi: 10.1016/j.jstrokecerebrovasdis.2014.03.025.
Keywords: Medication: Safety, Medication, Risk, Sleep Problems, Stroke