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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 5 of 5 Research Studies Displayed
Borah BJ, Yao X, Laughlin-Tommaso SK
Comparative effectiveness of uterine leiomyoma procedures using a large insurance claims database.
The objective of this retrospective analysis of administrative claims from a large U.S. commercial insurance database, was to compare risk of reintervention, long-term clinical outcomes, and health care utilization among women who have bulk symptoms from leiomyoma and who underwent the following procedures: hysterectomy, myomectomy, uterine artery embolization, and magnetic resonance-guided, focused ultrasound surgery.
Citation: Borah BJ, Yao X, Laughlin-Tommaso SK . Comparative effectiveness of uterine leiomyoma procedures using a large insurance claims database. Obstet Gynecol 2017 Nov;130(5):1047-56. doi: 10.1097/AOG.0000000000002331..
Keywords: Cancer, Comparative Effectiveness, Health Insurance, Outcomes, Patient-Centered Outcomes Research, Surgery, Women
Smith AB, Basch E
Role of patient-reported outcomes in postsurgical monitoring in oncology.
This article describes the benefits of electronic patient-reported outcomes (ePROs) in postsurgical symptom monitoring for surgical oncology patients; ePROs can identify at-risk patients, provide closer monitoring, and provide a mechanism to identify and treat complications before they worsen. The article also summarizes the literature of ePRO use in surgical oncology.
Citation: Smith AB, Basch E . Role of patient-reported outcomes in postsurgical monitoring in oncology. J Oncol Pract 2017 Aug;13(8):535-38. doi: 10.1200/jop.2017.023838..
Keywords: Cancer, Care Management, Health Information Technology (HIT), Electronic Health Records (EHRs), Surgery, Outcomes
Shih YT, Chien CR
A review of cost communication in oncology: patient attitude, provider acceptance, and outcome assessment.
This review identified 15 articles that covered 3 topics related to patient-physician cost communication: patient attitude, physician acceptance, and the associated outcomes. The data suggested that cost communication was associated with improved patient satisfaction, lower out-of-pocket expenses, and a higher likelihood of medication nonadherence; none of the studies established causality.
Citation: Shih YT, Chien CR . A review of cost communication in oncology: patient attitude, provider acceptance, and outcome assessment. Cancer 2017 May 15;123(6):928-39. doi: 10.1002/cncr.30423.
Keywords: Cancer, Communication, Healthcare Costs, Outcomes, Clinician-Patient Communication
Halm EA, Anderson LD, Gerber DE
Understanding the relationship between care volume and clinical outcomes in multiple myeloma.
This editorial discusses an article written by Go et al, entitled Association between treatment facility volume and mortality of multiple myeloma patients, published in the Journal of Clinical Oncology in 2017.
Citation: Halm EA, Anderson LD, Gerber DE . Understanding the relationship between care volume and clinical outcomes in multiple myeloma. J Clin Oncol 2017 Feb 20;35(6):580-82. doi: 10.1200/jco.2016.70.4726..
Keywords: Cancer, Mortality, Outcomes, Patient-Centered Outcomes Research
Banerjee M, Muenz DG, Worden FP
Conditional survival in patients with thyroid cancer.
This study used data from Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) registry to determine conditional 5-year disease-specific survival based on patient age, gender, and stage. It found that patients with localized thyroid cancer have excellent conditional 5-year survival, irrespective of where they are in their survivorship phase. In addition, patients with regional thyroid cancer have relatively stable conditional 5-year survival.
Citation: Banerjee M, Muenz DG, Worden FP . Conditional survival in patients with thyroid cancer. Thyroid 2014 Dec;24(12):1784-9. doi: 10.1089/thy.2014.0264..
Keywords: Cancer, Mortality, Outcomes, Registries