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Research Studies is a compilation of published research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers.
Results1 to 6 of 6 Research Studies Displayed
Sanders R, Edwards L, Nishisaki A
Tracheal intubations for critically Ill children outside specialized centers in the United Kingdom-patient, provider, practice factors, and adverse events.
This editorial discusses a research study on outcomes of performing pediatric trachael intubations (TIs) and how the results can be applied to performing intubations on critically ill children in the United Kingdom outside of specialized centers. One of the authors is from a U.S. site that submits its airway management data to the National Emergency Airway Registry for Children (NEAR4KIDS). The results from the registry were compared to the results from the study. A total of 1,051 patients out of 1,237 eligible patients were analyzed. The results came from 47 nonspecialized local hospitals in the North Thames and East Anglia region of the UK. Adverse TI-associated events (TIAEs) occurred in 22.7% of the patients, which is higher than those in PICUs and cardiac ICUs. The majority of intubations were performed by the anesthesiologist in the team. The results were similar to those in the NEAR4KIDS registry. There were more complications with children with a higher grade of airway difficulties and comorbidities. The authors believe that pediatric airway management for acutely ill children would benefit from new strategies. They recommend a system change using Plan, Do, Study, Act (PDSA) cycles.
AHRQ-funded; HS021583; HS022464; HS024511.
Citation: Sanders R, Edwards L, Nishisaki A . Tracheal intubations for critically Ill children outside specialized centers in the United Kingdom-patient, provider, practice factors, and adverse events. Pediatr Crit Care Med 2019 Jun;20(6):572-73. doi: 10.1097/pcc.0000000000001946..
Keywords: Adverse Events, Children/Adolescents, Critical Care, Intensive Care Unit (ICU), Outcomes, Patient Safety, Registries, Respiratory Conditions
Anderson JB, Brown DW, Lihn S
Power of a learning network in congenital heart disease.
This paper discusses the efforts of the National Pediatric Cardiology Quality Improvement Collaborative (NPC-QIC). The collaborative formed to improve outcomes in infants with hypoplastic left heart syndrome. It sought to (1) decrease mortality, (2) reduce growth failure, and (3) reduce hospital readmissions due to major medical problems during the interstage period between discharge following stage 1 palliation (S1P) and admission for stage 2 palliation (S2P).
Citation: Anderson JB, Brown DW, Lihn S . Power of a learning network in congenital heart disease. World J Pediatr Congenit Heart Surg 2019 Jan;10(1):66-71. doi: 10.1177/2150135118815023..
Keywords: Cardiovascular Conditions, Children/Adolescents, Education: Continuing Medical Education, Palliative Care, Quality Improvement, Registries
Durojaiye AB, McGeorge N, Kristen W
Characterizing the utilization of the problem list for pediatric trauma care.
The EHR problem list has the potential to support care coordination among the multidisciplinary care team that cares for pediatric trauma patients. To realize this potential, the need exists to ensure appropriate utilization by formulating acceptable usage and management policy. In this regard, understanding the prevailing utilization pattern is pivotal. To this end, in this study, the investigators analyzed EHR in tandem with trauma registry data at a Level I pediatric trauma center.
Citation: Durojaiye AB, McGeorge N, Kristen W . Characterizing the utilization of the problem list for pediatric trauma care. AMIA Annu Symp Proc 2018 Dec 5;2018:404-12..
Keywords: Care Coordination, Children/Adolescents, Electronic Health Records (EHRs), Emergency Department, Health Information Technology (HIT), Hospitals, Registries, Trauma
Kojima T, Harwayne-Gidansky I, Shenoi AN
Cricoid pressure during induction for tracheal intubation in critically ill children: a report from National Emergency Airway Registry for Children.
The objective of this retrospective cohort study was to evaluate the association between cricoid pressure use and the occurrence of regurgitation during tracheal intubation for critically ill children in pediatric intensive care unit (PICU). The investigators found that cricoid pressure during induction and mask ventilation before tracheal intubation in the current ICU practice was not associated with a lower regurgitation rate after adjusting for previously reported confounders.
Citation: Kojima T, Harwayne-Gidansky I, Shenoi AN . Cricoid pressure during induction for tracheal intubation in critically ill children: a report from National Emergency Airway Registry for Children. Pediatr Crit Care Med 2018 Jun;19(6):528-37. doi: 10.1097/pcc.0000000000001531.
Keywords: Children/Adolescents, Critical Care, Children/Adolescents, Registries, Respiratory Conditions
Deakyne Davies SJ, Grundmeier RW, Campos DA
The pediatric emergency care applied research network registry: a multicenter electronic health record registry of pediatric emergency care.
In this paper, the authors described the Pediatric Emergency Care Applied Research Network (PECARN) Registry, which demonstrates that emergency department (ED) data from disparate health systems and EHR vendors can be harmonized for use in a single registry with a common data model. The authors concluded that the Registry is a robust harmonized clinical registry that includes data from diverse patients, sites, and EHR vendors derived via data extraction, deidentification, and secure submission to a central data coordinating center. They suggested that the data provided be used for benchmarking, clinical quality improvement, and comparative effectiveness research.
Citation: Deakyne Davies SJ, Grundmeier RW, Campos DA . The pediatric emergency care applied research network registry: a multicenter electronic health record registry of pediatric emergency care. Appl Clin Inform 2018 Apr;9(2):366-76. doi: 10.1055/s-0038-1651496..
Keywords: Children/Adolescents, Registries, Emergency Department, Electronic Health Records (EHRs), Health Information Technology (HIT)
Nett S, Emeriaud G, Jarvis JD
Site-level variance for adverse tracheal intubation-associated events across 15 North American PICUs: a report from the national emergency airway registry for children*.
This observational study of 15 pediatric intensive care units (PICUs) found that substantial site-level variance exists in tracheal intubation practice, adverse tracheal intubation associated-events and severe tracheal intubation associated-events. After adjusting for patient and provider characteristics, neither PICU size nor presence of fellowship training program explained site-level variance.
Citation: Nett S, Emeriaud G, Jarvis JD . Site-level variance for adverse tracheal intubation-associated events across 15 North American PICUs: a report from the national emergency airway registry for children*. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2014 May;15(4):306-13. doi: 10.1097/pcc.0000000000000120..
Keywords: Children/Adolescents, Intensive Care Unit (ICU), Registries, Adverse Events