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AHRQ Research Studies
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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 4 of 4 Research Studies Displayed
Durojaiye AB, McGeorge N, Kristen W
Characterizing the utilization of the problem list for pediatric trauma care.
The EHR problem list has the potential to support care coordination among the multidisciplinary care team that cares for pediatric trauma patients. To realize this potential, the need exists to ensure appropriate utilization by formulating acceptable usage and management policy. In this regard, understanding the prevailing utilization pattern is pivotal. To this end, in this study, the investigators analyzed EHR in tandem with trauma registry data at a Level I pediatric trauma center.
Citation: Durojaiye AB, McGeorge N, Kristen W . Characterizing the utilization of the problem list for pediatric trauma care. AMIA Annu Symp Proc 2018 Dec 5;2018:404-12..
Keywords: Care Coordination, Children/Adolescents, Electronic Health Records (EHRs), Emergency Department, Health Information Technology (HIT), Hospitals, Registries
Kojima T, Harwayne-Gidansky I, Shenoi AN
Cricoid pressure during induction for tracheal intubation in critically ill children: a report from National Emergency Airway Registry for Children.
The objective of this retrospective cohort study was to evaluate the association between cricoid pressure use and the occurrence of regurgitation during tracheal intubation for critically ill children in pediatric intensive care unit (PICU). The investigators found that cricoid pressure during induction and mask ventilation before tracheal intubation in the current ICU practice was not associated with a lower regurgitation rate after adjusting for previously reported confounders.
Citation: Kojima T, Harwayne-Gidansky I, Shenoi AN . Cricoid pressure during induction for tracheal intubation in critically ill children: a report from National Emergency Airway Registry for Children. Pediatr Crit Care Med 2018 Jun;19(6):528-37. doi: 10.1097/pcc.0000000000001531.
Keywords: Children/Adolescents, Critical Care, Children/Adolescents, Registries, Respiratory Conditions
Deakyne Davies SJ, Grundmeier RW, Campos DA
The pediatric emergency care applied research network registry: a multicenter electronic health record registry of pediatric emergency care.
In this paper, the authors described the Pediatric Emergency Care Applied Research Network (PECARN) Registry, which demonstrates that emergency department (ED) data from disparate health systems and EHR vendors can be harmonized for use in a single registry with a common data model. The authors concluded that the Registry is a robust harmonized clinical registry that includes data from diverse patients, sites, and EHR vendors derived via data extraction, deidentification, and secure submission to a central data coordinating center. They suggested that the data provided be used for benchmarking, clinical quality improvement, and comparative effectiveness research.
Citation: Deakyne Davies SJ, Grundmeier RW, Campos DA . The pediatric emergency care applied research network registry: a multicenter electronic health record registry of pediatric emergency care. Appl Clin Inform 2018 Apr;9(2):366-76. doi: 10.1055/s-0038-1651496..
Keywords: Children/Adolescents, Registries, Emergency Department, Electronic Health Records (EHRs), Health Information Technology (HIT)
Nett S, Emeriaud G, Jarvis JD
Site-level variance for adverse tracheal intubation-associated events across 15 North American PICUs: a report from the national emergency airway registry for children*.
This observational study of 15 pediatric intensive care units (PICUs) found that substantial site-level variance exists in tracheal intubation practice, adverse tracheal intubation associated-events and severe tracheal intubation associated-events. After adjusting for patient and provider characteristics, neither PICU size nor presence of fellowship training program explained site-level variance.
Citation: Nett S, Emeriaud G, Jarvis JD . Site-level variance for adverse tracheal intubation-associated events across 15 North American PICUs: a report from the national emergency airway registry for children*. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2014 May;15(4):306-13. doi: 10.1097/pcc.0000000000000120..
Keywords: Children/Adolescents, Intensive Care Unit (ICU), Registries, Adverse Events