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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 3 of 3 Research Studies Displayed
Slight SP, Seger DL, Franz C
The national cost of adverse drug events resulting from inappropriate medication-related alert overrides in the United States.
Investigators worked to determine the national cost of adverse drug events (ADEs) in the United States in 2014. They used three different regression models. They used a random sample of 40,990 adult inpatients at the Brigham and Women’s Hospital in Boston with over 1.6 million medication orders. They extrapolated the medication orders using 2014 National Inpatient Sample (NIS) data. They estimated that out of 78.8 million total medication alerts, 5.5 million medication alerts would have been inappropriately overridden resulting in 196,660 ADEs. They estimated it would have cost between $871 million and $1.8 billion for treating these preventable ADEs in the United States.
Citation: Slight SP, Seger DL, Franz C . The national cost of adverse drug events resulting from inappropriate medication-related alert overrides in the United States. J Am Med Inform Assoc 2018 Sep;25(9):1183-88. doi: 10.1093/jamia/ocy066..
Keywords: Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP), Adverse Drug Events (ADE), Adverse Events, Clinical Decision Support (CDS), Health Information Technology (HIT), Healthcare Costs, Medical Errors, Medication
Joseph S, Sow M, Furukawa MF
AHRQ Author: Furukawa MF
HITECH spurs EHR vendor competition and innovation, resulting in increased adoption.
This study examined the impact of the Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health Act (HITECH). It found increased provider adoption and also provides the first evidence of increased competitiveness and innovation in the electronic health records industry spurred by HITECH.
Citation: Joseph S, Sow M, Furukawa MF . HITECH spurs EHR vendor competition and innovation, resulting in increased adoption. Am J Manag Care. 2014 Sep;20(9):734-40..
Keywords: Health Information Technology (HIT), Healthcare Costs, Electronic Prescribing (E-Prescribing), Electronic Health Records (EHRs)
Forrester SH, Hepp Z, Roth JA
Cost-effectiveness of a computerized provider order entry system in improving medication safety ambulatory care.
The study objective was to estimate the cost-effectiveness of computerized provider order entry versus traditional paper-based prescribing in reducing medications errors and adverse drug events in the ambulatory setting of mid-sized medical group. Using a decision-analytic model, the researchers found that the adoption of CPOE in the ambulatory setting provides excellent value for the investment.
Citation: Forrester SH, Hepp Z, Roth JA . Cost-effectiveness of a computerized provider order entry system in improving medication safety ambulatory care. Value Health. 2014 Jun;17(4):340-9. doi: 10.1016/j.jval.2014.01.009..
Keywords: Health Information Technology (HIT), Adverse Drug Events (ADE), Adverse Events, Medical Errors, Medication, Patient Safety, Healthcare Costs, Value, Ambulatory Care and Surgery, Prevention