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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 4 of 4 Research Studies Displayed
Polubriaginof FCG, Vanguri R, Quinnies K
Disease heritability inferred from familial relationships reported in medical records.
Electronic health records (EHRs) passively capture a wide range of clinically relevant data and provide a resource for studying the heritability of traits that are not typically accessible. This study used EHR data to compute heritability estimates for 500 disease phenotypes. These analyses provided a validation of the use of EHRs for genetics and disease research.
AHRQ-funded; HS021816; HS022961.
Citation: Polubriaginof FCG, Vanguri R, Quinnies K . Disease heritability inferred from familial relationships reported in medical records. Cell 2018 Jun 14;173(7):1692-704.e11. doi: 10.1016/j.cell.2018.04.032..
Keywords: Data, Family Health and History, Genetics, Health Information Technology (HIT), Electronic Health Records (EHRs)
Goss FR, Lai KH, Topaz M
A value set for documenting adverse reactions in electronic health records.
In this study, the investigators developed a value set for encoding adverse reactions using a large dataset from one health system, enriched by reactions from 2 large external resources. This integrated value set included clinically important severe and hypersensitivity reactions. The work contributed a value set, harmonized with existing data, to improve the consistency and accuracy of reaction documentation in electronic health records, providing the necessary building blocks for more intelligent clinical decision support for allergies and adverse reactions.
Citation: Goss FR, Lai KH, Topaz M . A value set for documenting adverse reactions in electronic health records. J Am Med Inform Assoc 2018 Jun;25(6):661-69. doi: 10.1093/jamia/ocx139..
Keywords: Adverse Drug Events (ADE), Adverse Events, Electronic Health Records (EHRs), Medication, Data, Health Information Technology (HIT), Patient Safety
Murphy DR, Meyer AND, Vaghani V
Electronic triggers to identify delays in follow-up of mammography: harnessing the power of big data in health care.
Because of the unique clinical, logistic, and legal aspects of mammography, this study was conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of a trigger to flag delayed follow-up on mammography. The investigators found that care delays appeared to continue despite federal laws requiring patient notification of mammographic results within 30 days. They suggest that clinical application of mammography-related triggers could help detect these delays.
Citation: Murphy DR, Meyer AND, Vaghani V . Electronic triggers to identify delays in follow-up of mammography: harnessing the power of big data in health care. J Am Coll Radiol 2018 Feb;15(2):287-95. doi: 10.1016/j.jacr.2017.10.001..
Keywords: Cancer: Breast Cancer, Data, Diagnostic Safety and Quality, Electronic Health Records (EHRs), Mammogram, Health Information Technology (HIT)
Angier H, Gold R, Crawford C
Linkage methods for connecting children with parents in electronic health record and state public health insurance data.
The purpose of this study was to develop ways to create child-parent links in two healthcare-related data sources: Oregon clinics sharing an electronic health record (EHR) and Oregon Health Plan’s (OHP) administrative data. To create the child-parent links, researchers used the child’s emergency contact information from the EHR and household identification numbers from the OHP.
Citation: Angier H, Gold R, Crawford C . Linkage methods for connecting children with parents in electronic health record and state public health insurance data. Matern Child Health J. 2014 Nov;18(9):2025-33. doi: 10.1007/s10995-014-1453-8..
Keywords: Electronic Health Records (EHRs), Health Information Technology (HIT), Data