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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 10 of 10 Research Studies Displayed
Wickwire EM, Schnyer DM, Germain A
Sleep, sleep disorders, and circadian health following mild traumatic brain injury in adults: review and research agenda.
A rapidly expanding scientific literature supports the frequent co-occurrence of sleep and circadian disturbances following mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI). In this paper, the authors review relevant literature and present a research agenda to 1) advance understanding of the reciprocal relationships between sleep and circadian factors and mTBI sequelae and 2) advance rapidly the development of sleep-related treatments in this population.
Citation: Wickwire EM, Schnyer DM, Germain A . Sleep, sleep disorders, and circadian health following mild traumatic brain injury in adults: review and research agenda. J Neurotrauma 2018 Nov 15;35(22):2615-31. doi: 10.1089/neu.2017.5243..
Keywords: Sleep Problems, Brain Injury, Evidence-Based Practice
Kline CE, Burke LE, Sereika SM
Bidirectional relationships between weight change and sleep apnea in a behavioral weight loss intervention.
This study examined the relationship between weight change and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in the context of behavioral weight loss intervention. A total of 114 adults who were overweight or obese participated in a 12-month behavioral weight loss intervention program from April 2012 to February 2015. Over half (58%) had OSA at the baseline. Those with OSA were found to lose less weight and were less adherent to daily calorie and activity goals. The results suggest that OSA screening should be used before attempting weight loss and also may indicate additional behavioral counseling.
Citation: Kline CE, Burke LE, Sereika SM . Bidirectional relationships between weight change and sleep apnea in a behavioral weight loss intervention. Mayo Clin Proc 2018 Sep;93(9):1290-98. doi: 10.1016/j.mayocp.2018.04.026..
Keywords: Behavioral Health, Lifestyle Changes, Obesity, Obesity: Weight Management, Sleep Problems, Sleep Apnea
Li JC, Fishbein A, Singam V
Sleep disturbance and sleep-related impairment in adults with atopic dermatitis: a cross-sectional study.
The aim of this prospective online questionnaire-based study was to determine the relationship between atopic dermatitis (AD) severity, sleep disturbance (SD), and sleep-related impairment (SRI). The investigators concluded that their study suggests that SD and SRI are common in adults with AD, particularly those with severe diseases. They suggest that sleep disturbances and SRI should be considered when assessing burden of AD and therapeutic decisions.
Citation: Li JC, Fishbein A, Singam V . Sleep disturbance and sleep-related impairment in adults with atopic dermatitis: a cross-sectional study. Dermatitis 2018 Sep/Oct;29(5):270-77. doi: 10.1097/der.0000000000000401..
Keywords: Skin Conditions, Sleep Problems
Barone Gibbs B, Kline CE
When does sedentary behavior become sleep? A proposed framework for classifying activity during sleep-wake transitions.
The Sedentary Behavior Research Network recently published a consensus definition for sedentary. The authors of this paper indicated that further clarity around issues of classifying sedentary behavior while in bed is needed, specifically during sleep-wake transitions. In this paper they propose a framework for classifying activity during sleep-wake transitions.
Citation: Barone Gibbs B, Kline CE . When does sedentary behavior become sleep? A proposed framework for classifying activity during sleep-wake transitions. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 2018 Aug 22;15(1):81. doi: 10.1186/s12966-018-0712-2..
Keywords: Lifestyle Changes, Sleep Problems
Harris VC, Links AR, Kim JM
Follow-up and time to treatment in an urban cohort of children with sleep-disordered breathing.
The purpose of this study was to evaluate follow-up and timing of sleep-disordered breathing diagnosis and treatment in urban children referred from primary care. Researchers found that half of the children referred for sleep-disordered breathing evaluation are lost to follow-up from primary care. Obstructive sleep apnea severity did not predict follow-up or timeliness of treatment. They conclude that these findings suggest social determinants may pose barriers to care in addition to the clinical burden of sleep-disordered breathing.
Citation: Harris VC, Links AR, Kim JM . Follow-up and time to treatment in an urban cohort of children with sleep-disordered breathing. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2018 Aug;159(2):371-78. doi: 10.1177/0194599818772035..
Keywords: Access to Care, Children/Adolescents, Disparities, Healthcare Delivery, Patient-Centered Healthcare, Quality of Care, Respiratory Conditions, Sleep Problems, Sleep Apnea, Urban Health
Ye L, Richards KC
Sleep and long-term care.
This review describes the nature and consequences of sleep disturbances in long-term care (LTC), clinical assessment and management of sleep disturbances in LTC, and implications for future research and clinical practice.
Citation: Ye L, Richards KC . Sleep and long-term care. Sleep Med Clin 2018 Mar;13(1):117-25. doi: 10.1016/j.jsmc.2017.09.011..
Keywords: Quality of Care, Long-Term Care, Nursing Homes, Sleep Problems
Fishbein AB, Mueller K, Kruse L
Sleep disturbance in children with moderate/severe atopic dermatitis: a case-control study.
The researchers sought to characterize sleep in a cohort of children with moderate-to-severe atopic dermatitis (AD) and to determine methods for assessment of sleep disturbance. In nineteen patients and nineteen controls, they found that patients with AD experienced wake after sleep onset (WASO) for 103 plus or minus 55 minutes as compared with 50 plus or minus 27 minutes in the controls. They had a higher frequency of restless sleep, daytime sleepiness, difficulty falling back to sleep at night, and teacher-reported daytime sleepiness. They concluded that children with moderate-to-severe AD experience more WASO and lower sleep efficiency than healthy controls but similar bedtime and wake time, sleep duration, and sleep onset latency.
Citation: Fishbein AB, Mueller K, Kruse L . Sleep disturbance in children with moderate/severe atopic dermatitis: a case-control study. J Am Acad Dermatol 2018 Feb;78(2):336-41. doi: 10.1016/j.jaad.2017.08.043.
Keywords: Children/Adolescents, Children/Adolescents, Skin Conditions, Sleep Problems
Sylvia LG, Chang WC, Kamali M
Sleep disturbance may impact treatment outcome in bipolar disorder: a preliminary investigation in the context of a large comparative effectiveness trial.
The purpose of this paper is to explore the potential impact of poor sleep at baseline on outcomes in a randomized effectiveness trial of quetiapine and lithium. Sixty-three percent of patients had baseline sleep disturbance. Individuals with sleep disturbance had worse bipolar illness severity, greater severity of depression, mania, anxiety, irritability, and psychosis, were less likely to have sustained response, and had more necessary clinical adjustments.
Citation: Sylvia LG, Chang WC, Kamali M . Sleep disturbance may impact treatment outcome in bipolar disorder: a preliminary investigation in the context of a large comparative effectiveness trial. J Affect Disord 2018 Jan 1;225:563-68. doi: 10.1016/j.jad.2017.08.056.
Keywords: Medication, Comparative Effectiveness, Behavioral Health, Patient-Centered Outcomes Research, Sleep Problems
Petrov ME, Kim Y, Lauderdale DS
Objective sleep, a novel risk factor for alterations in kidney function: the CARDIA study.
The investigators determined the association between objectively measured sleep and 10-year changes in estimated glomerular filtration rate. They found that, in this community-based sample, shorter sleep and poorer sleep quality were related to higher kidney filtration rates over 10 years.
Citation: Petrov ME, Kim Y, Lauderdale DS . Objective sleep, a novel risk factor for alterations in kidney function: the CARDIA study. Sleep Med 2014 Sep;15(9):1140-6. doi: 10.1016/j.sleep.2014.05.021.
Keywords: Risk, Risk, Sleep Problems
Petrov ME, Howard VJ, Kleindorfer D
Over-the-counter and prescription sleep medication and incident stroke: the REasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke study.
The authors investigated the relation between sleep medication use and incident stroke. At the sleep assessment, 9.6% of the participants used prescription sleep medication and 11.1% used over-the-counter sleep aids. Over an average follow-up of 3.3 ± 1.0 years, 297 stroke events occurred. The authors found that over-the-counter sleep medication use was associated with increased risk of incident stroke; however, there was no significant association with prescription sleep medications. They concluded that over-the-counter sleep medication use may independently increase the risk of stroke beyond other risk factors in middle-aged to older individuals with no history of stroke.
Citation: Petrov ME, Howard VJ, Kleindorfer D . Over-the-counter and prescription sleep medication and incident stroke: the REasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke study. J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis 2014 Sep;23(8):2110-6. doi: 10.1016/j.jstrokecerebrovasdis.2014.03.025.
Keywords: Medication: Safety, Medication, Risk, Sleep Problems, Stroke