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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 2 of 2 Research Studies Displayed
Modi PK, Kaufman SR, Herrel LA
Practice-level adoption of conservative management for prostate cancer.
In this study, the authors describe the longitudinal adoption of conservative management (ie, the absence of treatment) for prostate cancer among urology group practices in the United States and identify group practice features that influence this adoption. The investigators found that there was increasing variation among group practices in the use of conservative management for prostate cancer. They indicated that this underscores the need for a better understanding of practice-level factors that influence prostate cancer management.
Citation: Modi PK, Kaufman SR, Herrel LA . Practice-level adoption of conservative management for prostate cancer. J Oncol Pract 2019 Oct;15(10):e863-e69. doi: 10.1200/jop.19.00088.
Keywords: Cancer: Prostate Cancer, Cancer, Practice Patterns, Care Management
Schmidt B, Eapen RS, Cowan JE
Practice patterns of primary EBRT with and without ADT in prostate cancer treatment.
This study investigated usage of external-beam radiation therapy (EBRT), with or without neoadjuvant androgen deprivation therapy (ADT), using data from a community-based prospective disease registry (CaPSURE). Data on 1337 men diagnosed between 1990 and 2014 with localized disease who received EBRT as primary treatment was compared. The authors conclude that use of ADT in conjunction with primary EBRT has increased in frequency and duration since 1990, and that men who received ADT have higher risk characteristics than those who receive EBRT alone.
Citation: Schmidt B, Eapen RS, Cowan JE . Practice patterns of primary EBRT with and without ADT in prostate cancer treatment. Prostate Cancer Prostatic Dis 2019 Mar;22(1):117-24. doi: 10.1038/s41391-018-0084-3..
Keywords: Cancer: Prostate Cancer, Cancer, Patient-Centered Outcomes Research, Practice Patterns, Evidence-Based Practice, Comparative Effectiveness, Outcomes, Treatments