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Search All Research Studies
AHRQ Research Studies Date
- Access to Care (2)
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- Cultural Competence (1)
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- (-) Racial and Ethnic Minorities (10)
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AHRQ Research Studies
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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 10 of 10 Research Studies Displayed
Lillie KM, Shaw J, Jansen KJ
Buprenorphine/naloxone for opioid use disorder among Alaska Native and American Indian people.
Opioid-related disparities are magnified among Alaska Native and American Indian (ANAI) people. Yet, no outcome studies on medication for addiction treatment, an effective treatment in other populations, among ANAI people exist. The objective of this study was to identify variables associated with buprenorphine/naloxone retention among ANAI people with opioid use disorder (OUD). The investigators concluded that younger patients and those with co-occurring substance use remained at higher risk of discontinuing buprenorphine/naloxone treatment for OUD in this population of ANAI people.
Citation: Lillie KM, Shaw J, Jansen KJ . Buprenorphine/naloxone for opioid use disorder among Alaska Native and American Indian people. J Addict Med 2021 Jul-Aug 01;15(4):297-302. doi: 10.1097/adm.0000000000000757..
Keywords: Opioids, Substance Abuse, Behavioral Health, Medication, Racial and Ethnic Minorities, Vulnerable Populations
Alcántara C, Giorgio Cosenzo L, McCullough E
Cultural adaptations of psychological interventions for prevalent sleep disorders and sleep disturbances: a systematic review of randomized controlled trials in the United States.
This systematic review examined behavioral randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on prevalent sleep-wake disorders and sleep disturbances to determine if these studies targeted underserved populations or addressed contextual and cultural factors. The authors examined sociodemographic characteristics of behavioral RCTs that targeted underserved adults, identified types of cultural adaptations (surface-level or deep-level), and described intervention effectiveness on primary sleep outcomes. Overall out of 56 studies, 6.97% targeted underserved groups (veterans, women, racial/ethnic minorities, low socioeconomic status, disability status); and 64.9% made surface-level or deep-level cultural adaptations. Most cultural adaptions were made to behavioral therapies, and cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBT-I). Surface-level cultural adaptions made were mostly to the delivery modality and setting. Deep-level cultural adaptations to the content and core intervention components were the most typical. Intervention effectiveness varied by type of adapted intervention and the participant population. RCTs including adapted CBT-I interventions among participants showed consistent significant reductions in adverse sleep outcomes versus control.
Citation: Alcántara C, Giorgio Cosenzo L, McCullough E . Cultural adaptations of psychological interventions for prevalent sleep disorders and sleep disturbances: a systematic review of randomized controlled trials in the United States. Sleep Med Rev 2021 Apr;56:101455. doi: 10.1016/j.smrv.2021.101455..
Keywords: Sleep Problems, Cultural Competence, Behavioral Health, Racial and Ethnic Minorities, Vulnerable Populations
Teixeira da Silva D, Biello K, Lin WY
COVID-19 vaccine acceptance among an online sample of sexual and gender minority men and transgender women.
Sexual and gender minority (SGM) populations are particularly vulnerable to poor COVID-19 outcomes and are more likely to experience stigma and medical mistrust that may impact COVID-19 vaccine acceptance. This study examined the prevalence of COVID testing and diagnosis and assessed COVID-19 vaccine acceptance among a large sample of SGM. The investigators found that black participants were significantly less likely to accept a COVID-19 vaccine, and Asian participants were significantly more likely to accept a vaccine, compared to White peers.
Citation: Teixeira da Silva D, Biello K, Lin WY . COVID-19 vaccine acceptance among an online sample of sexual and gender minority men and transgender women. Vaccines 2021 Mar;9(3). doi: 10.3390/vaccines9030204..
Keywords: Vaccination, COVID-19, Public Health, Racial and Ethnic Minorities, Vulnerable Populations
Joyce NR, Pfeiffer MR, Zullo AR
Individual and geographic variation in driver's license suspensions: evidence of disparities by race, ethnicity and income.
Using data from the New Jersey Safety Health Outcomes data warehouse 2004-2018, the authors compared characteristics of suspended drivers, their residential census tract, as well as access to public transportation and jobs, by reason for the suspension. They found that 91% of license suspensions were for non-driving-related events, with the most common reason for a suspension being failure to pay a fine. Non-driving-related suspended drivers lived in census tracts with a lower household median income, higher proportion of black and Hispanic residents and higher unemployment rates, but also better walkability scores and better access to public transportation and jobs. They recommended additional work to determine what effect this has for the social and economic well-being of suspended drivers.
Citation: Joyce NR, Pfeiffer MR, Zullo AR . Individual and geographic variation in driver's license suspensions: evidence of disparities by race, ethnicity and income. J Transp Health 2020 Dec;19. doi: 10.1016/j.jth.2020.100933..
Keywords: Racial and Ethnic Minorities, Disparities, Low-Income, Vulnerable Populations, Social Determinants of Health
Rosenberg J, Rosenthal MS, Cramer LD
Disparities in mental and behavioral health treatment for children and youth in immigrant families.
Children and youth in immigrant families (CIF)-children and youth with at least one foreign-born parent-face unique psychosocial stressors. Yet little is known about access to mental/behavioral health (MBH) services for CIF. Among US CIF and non-CIF with MBH problems, the authors assessed access to MBH treatment using the National Survey of Children's Health-2016, a nationally-representative survey of predominantly English- or Spanish-speaking US parents.
Citation: Rosenberg J, Rosenthal MS, Cramer LD . Disparities in mental and behavioral health treatment for children and youth in immigrant families. Acad Pediatr 2020 Nov-Dec;20(8):1148-56. doi: 10.1016/j.acap.2020.06.013..
Keywords: Children/Adolescents, Behavioral Health, Disparities, Racial and Ethnic Minorities, Vulnerable Populations, Access to Care
Ornelas IJ, Yamanis TJ, Ruiz RA
The health of undocumented Latinx immigrants: what we know and future directions.
This review article summarizes the limited but growing literature on the health of undocumented Latinx immigrations and how exposure to trauma, immigration enforcement, changes to social networks, and discrimination negatively affect their mental and physical health. The authors discuss how policies and social ties can promote their health. They focus on areas of concern and recommend how future research should be conducted.
Citation: Ornelas IJ, Yamanis TJ, Ruiz RA . The health of undocumented Latinx immigrants: what we know and future directions. Annu Rev Public Health 2020 Apr 2;41:289-308. doi: 10.1146/annurev-publhealth-040119-094211..
Keywords: Racial and Ethnic Minorities, Vulnerable Populations, Social Determinants of Health, Policy
Acree ME, McNulty M, Blocker O
Shared decision-making around anal cancer screening among black bisexual and gay men in the USA.
This study focused on shared decision-making on anal cancer screening among black gay and bisexual men in the US. The researchers conducted 30 semi-structured one-on-one interviews and two focus groups in 2016-2017. Out of forty-five participants, all were black and male, with 13 identified as bisexual and 32 as gay. Barriers to screening include internalized racism, biphobia/homophobia, provider bias lead to reduced healthcare engagement and discomfort discussing sexual practices which hindered shared decision-making.
Citation: Acree ME, McNulty M, Blocker O . Shared decision-making around anal cancer screening among black bisexual and gay men in the USA. Cult Health Sex 2020 Feb;22(2):201-16. doi: 10.1080/13691058.2019.1581897..
Keywords: Decision Making, Cancer, Screening, Prevention, Racial and Ethnic Minorities, Vulnerable Populations
Perrin PB, Sutter ME, Trujillo MA
The minority strengths model: development and initial path analytic validation in racially/ethnically diverse LGBTQ individuals.
This study created and initially validated the minority strengths model, which outlines how personal and collective strengths in minority populations create resilience and positive mental and physical health. A national online survey was answered by a study sample of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer individuals from diverse racial/ethnic backgrounds. Findings showed that the minority strengths model holds promise to stimulate research on the personal and collective strengths of minority populations and the ways in which strengths generate resilience and positive mental and physical health.
Citation: Perrin PB, Sutter ME, Trujillo MA . The minority strengths model: development and initial path analytic validation in racially/ethnically diverse LGBTQ individuals. J Clin Psychol 2020 Jan;76(1):118-36. doi: 10.1002/jclp.22850..
Keywords: Racial and Ethnic Minorities, Vulnerable Populations
Allgood KL, Rauscher GH, Whitman S
Validating self-reported mammography use in vulnerable communities: findings and recommendations.
The researchers examined the potential extent of overreporting of mammography use in low-income African-American and Latina women, and whether self-report inaccuracies might bias estimated associations between patient characteristics and mammography use. They found that although 73% of women self-reported a mammogram in the last 2 years, only 44% of self-reports were documented. Overreporting of mammography use was observed for all ethnic groups studied.
Citation: Allgood KL, Rauscher GH, Whitman S . Validating self-reported mammography use in vulnerable communities: findings and recommendations. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 2014 Aug;23(8):1649-58. doi: 10.1158/1055-9965.epi-13-1253.
Keywords: Healthcare Utilization, Vulnerable Populations, Racial and Ethnic Minorities, Women, Low-Income, Urban Health
Moy E, Freeman W
AHRQ Author: Moy E, Freeman W
Federal investments to eliminate racial/ethnic health-care disparities.
The authors presented a model that describes the relationships among social disadvantage, health-care disparities, and health disparities. They proposed that increasing the diversity of the public health and health-care workforces is an efficient strategy for reducing disparities because it impacts both access to care and patient-provider communication.
Citation: Moy E, Freeman W . Federal investments to eliminate racial/ethnic health-care disparities. Public Health Rep 2014 Jan-Feb;129 Suppl 2:62-70. doi: 10.1177/00333549141291s212.
Keywords: Access to Care, Disparities, Racial and Ethnic Minorities, Social Determinants of Health, Vulnerable Populations