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AHRQ Research Studies
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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 3 of 3 Research Studies Displayed
Branca A, Tellez D, Berkenbosch J
The new trainee effect in tracheal intubation procedural safety across PICUs in North America: a report from National Emergency Airway Registry for Children.
Researchers evaluated the effect of the timing of the PICU fellow academic cycle on tracheal intubation-associated events in a retrospective cohort study of 37 PICUs participating in the National Emergency Airway Registry for Children.. They found that the New Trainee Effect in tracheal intubation safety outcomes was not observed in various types of PICUs. There was a significant improvement in pediatric critical care medicine fellows' first attempt success and a significant decline in tracheal intubation-associated event rates, indicating substantial skills acquisition throughout pediatric critical care medicine fellowship.
AHRQ-funded; HS021583; HS022464; HS024511.
Citation: Branca A, Tellez D, Berkenbosch J . The new trainee effect in tracheal intubation procedural safety across PICUs in North America: a report from National Emergency Airway Registry for Children. Pediatr Crit Care Med 2020 Dec;21(12):1042-50. doi: 10.1097/pcc.0000000000002480..
Keywords: Children/Adolescents, Critical Care, Intensive Care Unit (ICU), Adverse Events, Patient Safety, Registries, Education: Continuing Medical Education, Training
Daly Guris RJ, Doshi A, Boyer DL
Just-in-time simulation to guide workflow design for coronavirus disease 2019 difficult airway management.
This paper describes the development and enactment of a number of simulation exercises, increasing in complexity for clinicians to practice intubation of critically ill children while wearing personal protective equipment due to coronavirus disease. The simulations ended up aiding in a real-life situation that then occurred less than 12 hours later that validated potential failure points and effectiveness of rapidly generated guidance. From this simulation a COVID-19 airway bundle template was created.
AHRQ-funded; HS026939; HS024511.
Citation: Daly Guris RJ, Doshi A, Boyer DL . Just-in-time simulation to guide workflow design for coronavirus disease 2019 difficult airway management. Pediatr Crit Care Med 2020 Aug;21(8):e485-e90. doi: 10.1097/pcc.0000000000002435..
Keywords: Children/Adolescents, COVID-19, Respiratory Conditions, Workflow, Simulation, Training
Boyer DL, Nishisaki A
Evaluating patient outcomes in medical education research: mission impossible?*.
This editorial examines evaluation of the impact of pediatric supplemental crisis resource management (CRM) training among first- and second-year residents. The author suggests that increasing CRM training and using debriefing for skill retention may link this training to patient outcomes.
Citation: Boyer DL, Nishisaki A . Evaluating patient outcomes in medical education research: mission impossible?*. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2014 May;15(4):382-4. doi: 10.1097/pcc.0000000000000116..
Keywords: Education: Continuing Medical Education, Outcomes, Children/Adolescents, Training