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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 6 of 6 Research Studies Displayed
McClellan C, Maclean JC, Saloner B
AHRQ Author: McClellan C
Integrated care models and behavioral health care utilization: quasi-experimental evidence from Medicaid health homes.
This study provided the first population-level evidence on the effects of Medicaid health homes (HH) on behavioral health care service use. As of 2016, 16 states had adopted an HH for enrollees with serious mental illness and/or substance use disorder. Using data from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health, the authors found that HH adoption increased service use among enrollees and enrollee self-reported health improved post-HH.
Citation: McClellan C, Maclean JC, Saloner B . Integrated care models and behavioral health care utilization: quasi-experimental evidence from Medicaid health homes. Health Econ 2020 Sep;29(9):1086-97. doi: 10.1002/hec.4027..
Keywords: Behavioral Health, Medicaid, Substance Abuse, Primary Care: Models of Care, Primary Care, Ambulatory Care and Surgery, Patient-Centered Outcomes Research
Taylor WM, Lu Y, Wang S
Long-term healthcare utilization by Medicaid enrolled children with neonatal abstinence syndrome.
The purpose of this study was to evaluate healthcare utilization in Medicaid enrolled children with neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) in the first 2 years of life. The investigators concluded that a diagnosis of NAS did not appear to be an independent predictor of increased healthcare utilization in the first 2 years of life. They indicated that their results differed from some other published studies.
Citation: Taylor WM, Lu Y, Wang S . Long-term healthcare utilization by Medicaid enrolled children with neonatal abstinence syndrome. J Pediatr 2020 Jun;221:55-63.e6. doi: 10.1016/j.jpeds.2020.02.077..
Keywords: Children/Adolescents, Healthcare Utilization, Medicaid, Newborns/Infants, Substance Abuse
Bailey SR, Marino M, Ezekiel-Herrera D
Tobacco cessation in Affordable Care Act Medicaid expansion states versus non-expansion states.
This study examined whether states that expanded Medicaid eligibility under the ACA had increased smoking quit rates, tobacco cessation medication orders, and greater health care utilization compared to patients in non-expansion states. The researchers used electronic health record (EHR) data from 219 community health centers (CHCs) in 10 states that expanded Medicaid as of January 2014. They identified patients aged 19-64 with tobacco use status in their records within six months prior to ACA Medicaid expansion and 1 or more visits. They found that patients in expansion states had increased adjusted odds of quitting, having a medication ordered and having follow-up visits compared to patients in non-expansion states.
Citation: Bailey SR, Marino M, Ezekiel-Herrera D . Tobacco cessation in Affordable Care Act Medicaid expansion states versus non-expansion states. Nicotine Tob Res 2020 Jun;22(6):1016-22. doi: 10.1093/ntr/ntz087..
Keywords: Tobacco Use: Smoking Cessation, Tobacco Use, Substance Abuse, Medication, Medicaid, Policy, Healthcare Utilization, Access to Care, Health Insurance
Samples H, Williams AR, Crystal S
Impact of long-term buprenorphine treatment on adverse health care outcomes In Medicaid.
The optimal, or even minimum, duration of medication treatment for opioid use disorder (OUD) needed to improve long-term outcomes has not been established empirically. As a result, health plans set potentially restrictive treatment standards to guide benefits and payment. To address this gap, the investigators used a National Quality Forum measure for OUD medication treatment duration (180 days) to examine the impact of longer treatment on health care outcomes within a key population of Medicaid enrollees.
AHRQ-funded; HS023258; HS021112.
Citation: Samples H, Williams AR, Crystal S . Impact of long-term buprenorphine treatment on adverse health care outcomes In Medicaid. Impact of long-term buprenorphine treatment on adverse health care outcomes In Medicaid..
Keywords: Medication, Substance Abuse, Opioids, Medicaid, Adverse Drug Events (ADE), Adverse Events, Patient-Centered Outcomes Research, Evidence-Based Practice, Outcomes
Werth SR, Sachdeva N, Roberts AW
North Carolina Medicaid recipient management lock-in program: the pharmacist's perspective.
The objectives of this study were (a) evaluate pharmacists’ perceptions of the implementation of the North Carolina (NC) recipient management lock-in program (MLIP) and (b) determine how the beliefs and attitudes of pharmacists could promote or inhibit its success. It concluded that, although possible improvements were identified, the NC MLIP has strong potential for success as it utilizes pharmacists’ medication gate-keeping role, while minimizing the effort required for successful implementation.
Citation: Werth SR, Sachdeva N, Roberts AW . North Carolina Medicaid recipient management lock-in program: the pharmacist's perspective. J Manag Care Spec Pharm 2014 Nov;20(11):1122-9..
Keywords: Medicaid, Medication, Opioids, Provider: Pharmacist, Substance Abuse
Regenstein M, Andres E
Reducing hospital readmissions among Medicaid patients: a review of the literature.
This review aims to identify factors related to readmissions that are unique to Medicaid populations to inform efforts to reduce Medicaid readmissions. It concluded that much of the Medicaid readmissions literature focuses on patients with mental health or substance abuse issues, who are often high utilizers of health care within the Medicaid population.
Citation: Regenstein M, Andres E . Reducing hospital readmissions among Medicaid patients: a review of the literature. Qual Manag Health Care 2014 Oct-Dec;23(4):203-25. doi: 10.1097/qmh.0000000000000043..
Keywords: Hospital Readmissions, Medicaid, Behavioral Health, Substance Abuse, Social Determinants of Health