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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 3 of 3 Research Studies Displayed
Bunting AM, Oser CB, Staton M
Pre-incarceration polysubstance use involving opioids: a unique risk factor of postrelease return to substance use.
This study explored pre-incarceration polysubstance use involving opioids as a unique risk factor for postrelease relapse to substance use. Data from a cohort of 502 justice-involved persons who were enrolled in a therapeutic community treatment program while incarcerated was used. Six unique polysubstance opioid patterns prior to incarceration were found using latent profile validation. Two of these profiles, primarily alcohol and primarily buprenorphine were at increased and accelerated risk for relapse postrelease relative to a lesser polysubstance use profile. Both profiles at increased risk had a pre-incarceration co-use of marijuana and nonmedical use of opioids but were unique in their respective near daily use of alcohol and nonmedical buprenorphine.
Citation: Bunting AM, Oser CB, Staton M . Pre-incarceration polysubstance use involving opioids: a unique risk factor of postrelease return to substance use. J Subst Abuse Treat 2021 Aug;127:108354. doi: 10.1016/j.jsat.2021.108354..
Keywords: Opioids, Substance Abuse, Risk
Baillargeon J, Polychronopoulou E, Kuo YF
The impact of substance use disorder on COVID-19 outcomes.
The goal of this study was to examine the impact of substance use disorder on the risk of hospitalization, complications, and mortality among adult patients diagnosed as having COVID-19. Using data from the TriNetX Research Network database, primary analysis showed that substance use disorder was associated with an increased risk of hospitalization, ventilator use, and mortality. These findings suggest that COVID-19 patients with substance use disorders are at increased risk for adverse outcomes.
Citation: Baillargeon J, Polychronopoulou E, Kuo YF . The impact of substance use disorder on COVID-19 outcomes. Psychiatr Serv 2021 May;72(5):578-81. doi: 10.1176/appi.ps.202000534..
Keywords: COVID-19, Substance Abuse, Hospitalization, Mortality, Risk
Cochran G, Field C, Caetano R
Injury-related consequences of alcohol misuse among injured patients who received screening and brief intervention for alcohol: a latent class analysis.
This study identifies latent classes of intervention recipients based on injury-related consequences and risks of alcohol misuse and then determines which profiles experienced the greatest improvements in drinking. It found that the patients who reported the greatest improvements in drinking following discharge were those characterized by multiple alcohol-related risks and those characterized by a history of alcohol-related accidents and injuries.
Citation: Cochran G, Field C, Caetano R . Injury-related consequences of alcohol misuse among injured patients who received screening and brief intervention for alcohol: a latent class analysis. Subst Abus 2014;35(2):153-62. doi: 10.1080/08897077.2013.820679..
Keywords: Alcohol Use, Substance Abuse, Risk