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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 3 of 3 Research Studies Displayed
Lin JS, Hoffman L, Bean SI
Addressing racism in preventive services: methods report to support the US Preventive Services Task Force.
The purpose of this report was to articulate the definitional and conceptual issues around racism and health inequity and to describe how racism and health inequities are currently addressed in preventive health. An audit was conducted assessing published literature on policy and position statements addressing racism, a subset of cancer and cardiovascular topics in USPSTF reports, recent systematic reviews on interventions to reduce health inequities, and societies, organizations, agencies, and funding bodies to gather information about how they address racism and health equity. Findings showed that racism is complex and pervasive, operates at multiple interrelated levels, and exerts negative effects on other social determinants and health and well-being through multiple pathways. The most directly relevant and immediately useful guidance identified is that from the GRADE (Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation) working group.
Citation: Lin JS, Hoffman L, Bean SI . Addressing racism in preventive services: methods report to support the US Preventive Services Task Force. JAMA 2021 Dec 21;326(23):2412-20. doi: 10.1001/jama.2021.17579..
Keywords: U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF), Social Determinants of Health, Racial / Ethnic Minorities, Disparities, Research Methodologies, Prevention, Evidence-Based Practice
Trent SA, George N, Havranek EP
Established evidence-based treatment guidelines help mitigate disparities in quality of emergency care.
Evidence-based guidelines are often cited as a means of ensuring high-quality care for all patients. The objective of this study was to assess whether emergency department (ED) adherence to core evidence-based guidelines differed by patient sex and race/ethnicity and to assess the effect of ED guideline adherence on patient outcomes by sex and race/ethnicity. The investigators concluded that longstanding, nationally reported evidence-based guidelines can help eliminate sex and race/ethnicity disparities in quality of care.
Citation: Trent SA, George N, Havranek EP . Established evidence-based treatment guidelines help mitigate disparities in quality of emergency care. Acad Emerg Med 2021 Sep;28(9):1051-60. doi: 10.1111/acem.14235..
Keywords: Evidence-Based Practice, Guidelines, Emergency Department, Disparities, Quality of Care
Wasserman M, Renfrew MR, Green AR
AHRQ Author: Brach C
Identifying and preventing medical errors in patients with limited English proficiency: key findings and tools for the field.
This article describes the development, content, and testing of two new evidence-based AHRQ tools for limited English proficiency (LEP) patient safety in the hospital setting. These tools contain recommendations to improve detection and prevention of medical errors across diverse populations and to improve team communication through incorporating interpreters in the care process.
Citation: Wasserman M, Renfrew MR, Green AR . Identifying and preventing medical errors in patients with limited English proficiency: key findings and tools for the field. J Healthc Qual. 2014 May-Jun;36(3):5-16. doi: 10.1111/jhq.12065..
Keywords: Disparities, Evidence-Based Practice, Patient Safety, Clinician-Patient Communication, TeamSTEPPS