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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 3 of 3 Research Studies Displayed
Qato DM, Daviglus ML, Wilder J
'Pharmacy deserts' are prevalent in Chicago's predominantly minority communities, raising medication access concerns.
The authors examined whether trends in the availability of pharmacies varied across communities in Chicago with different racial or ethnic compositions and whether "pharmacy deserts," or low-access neighborhoods, were more common in segregated black and Hispanic communities than elsewhere. They found that in 2012 there were disproportionately more pharmacy deserts in segregated black communities, as well as in low-income communities and federally designated Medically Underserved Areas. These findings suggest that public policies aimed at improving access to prescription medications may need to address factors beyond insurance coverage and medication affordability.
Citation: Qato DM, Daviglus ML, Wilder J . 'Pharmacy deserts' are prevalent in Chicago's predominantly minority communities, raising medication access concerns. Health Aff 2014 Nov;33(11):1958-65. doi: 10.1377/hlthaff.2013.1397.
Keywords: Access to Care, Medication, Provider: Pharmacist, Racial / Ethnic Minorities, Urban Health
Allgood KL, Rauscher GH, Whitman S
Validating self-reported mammography use in vulnerable communities: findings and recommendations.
The researchers examined the potential extent of overreporting of mammography use in low-income African-American and Latina women, and whether self-report inaccuracies might bias estimated associations between patient characteristics and mammography use. They found that although 73% of women self-reported a mammogram in the last 2 years, only 44% of self-reports were documented. Overreporting of mammography use was observed for all ethnic groups studied.
Citation: Allgood KL, Rauscher GH, Whitman S . Validating self-reported mammography use in vulnerable communities: findings and recommendations. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 2014 Aug;23(8):1649-58. doi: 10.1158/1055-9965.epi-13-1253.
Keywords: Healthcare Utilization, Vulnerable Populations, Racial / Ethnic Minorities, Women, Low-Income, Urban Health
Halbert CH, Briggs V, Bowman M
Acceptance of a community-based navigator program for cancer control among urban African Americans.
The researchers evaluated acceptance of a community-based navigator program for cancer control and identified factors having significant independent associations with navigation acceptance in an urban sample of African Americans. They found that age and perceived risk of developing cancer had a significant independent association with navigation acceptance. Participants who believed that they were at high risk for developing cancer had a lower likelihood of completing navigation.
Citation: Halbert CH, Briggs V, Bowman M . Acceptance of a community-based navigator program for cancer control among urban African Americans. Health Educ Res 2014 Feb;29(1):97-108. doi: 10.1093/her/cyt098..
Keywords: Cancer, Care Coordination, Care Management, Community-Based Practice, Racial / Ethnic Minorities, Urban Health