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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 3 of 3 Research Studies Displayed
Jacoby VL, Jacoby A, Learman LA
Use of medical, surgical and complementary treatments among women with fibroids.
This study examined the use of medical management, uterus-preserving surgery, and complementary treatments among women with uterine fibroids. It found that uterus-preserving fibroid surgery is effective, but many symptomatic women can be successfully treated with nonsurgical management, including complementary and alternative therapy.
AHRQ-funded; HS011657; HS07373; HS09478.
Citation: Jacoby VL, Jacoby A, Learman LA . Use of medical, surgical and complementary treatments among women with fibroids. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol 2014 Nov;182:220-5. doi: 10.1016/j.ejogrb.2014.09.004..
Keywords: Care Management, Complementary and Alternative Medicine, Medication, Surgery, Treatments, Women
Goode AP, Richardson WJ, Schectman RM
Complications, revision fusions, readmissions, and utilization over a 1-year period after bone morphogenetic protein use during primary cervical spine fusions.
The authors sought to determine the 1-year risk of complications, cervical revision fusions, hospital readmissions, and health care services utilization after bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) use with cervical spine fusions. They found that patients receiving BMP were 29% more likely to have a complication and a nervous system complication; cervical revision fusions were more likely among patients receiving BMP; the risk of 30-day readmission was greater with BMP use; and readmission occurred 27.4% sooner on an average. Additionally, patients receiving BMP were more likely to receive computed tomography scans and epidurals with anterior surgical approaches.
Citation: Goode AP, Richardson WJ, Schectman RM . Complications, revision fusions, readmissions, and utilization over a 1-year period after bone morphogenetic protein use during primary cervical spine fusions. Spine J 2014 Sep;14(9):2051-9. doi: 10.1016/j.spinee.2013.11.042.
Keywords: Adverse Events, Hospital Readmissions, Patient Safety, Outcomes, Patient-Centered Outcomes Research, Surgery, Treatments
Pan IW, Smith BD, Shih YC
Factors contributing to underuse of radiation among younger women with breast cancer.
This study explores factors associated with noncompliance of RT among insured young patients. It found that competing demands from child care, especially the presence of a young child in the home, can constitute a barrier to complete guideline-concordant breast cancer therapy.
Citation: Pan IW, Smith BD, Shih YC . Factors contributing to underuse of radiation among younger women with breast cancer. J Natl Cancer Inst 2014 Jan;106(1):djt340. doi: 10.1093/jnci/djt340..
Keywords: Cancer: Breast Cancer, Health Insurance, Patient Adherence/Compliance, Surgery, Treatments