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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 5 of 5 Research Studies Displayed
Fowler TT, Schiff J, Applegate MS
Early elective deliveries accounted for nearly 9 percent of births paid for by Medicaid.
The authors reported the results of a perinatal project, led by the state Medicaid medical directors, that sought to coordinate quality improvement efforts related to early elective deliveries for the Medicaid population. Using data from 22 states, they found that 8.9% of Medicaid singleton births were early elective deliveries, and they therefore estimated that there are 160,000 early elective Medicaid deliveries nationwide each year. They concluded that their study offers additional evidence and new tools for policy makers pursuing strategies to further reduce the number of such deliveries.
Citation: Fowler TT, Schiff J, Applegate MS . Early elective deliveries accounted for nearly 9 percent of births paid for by Medicaid. Health Aff 2014 Dec;33(12):2170-8. doi: 10.1377/hlthaff.2014.0534.
Keywords: Labor and Delivery, Maternal Care, Medicaid, Pregnancy
Connor KA, Cheng D, Strobino D
Preconception health promotion among Maryland women.
The objective of this study was to identify factors associated with receipt of preconception care (PCC) health promotion counseling among Maryland women and to assess whether prior birth outcome affects receipt of counseling. PCC receipt in the sample, consistent with analyses of older data, was low at 33 percent for all women and 28 percent for women with a prior live birth.
Citation: Connor KA, Cheng D, Strobino D . Preconception health promotion among Maryland women. Matern Child Health J 2014 Dec;18(10):2437-45. doi: 10.1007/s10995-014-1482-3..
Keywords: Health Promotion, Maternal Care, Pregnancy, Women
Broussard CS, Frey MT, Hernandez-Diaz S
AHRQ Author: Collins Sharp BA
Developing a systematic approach to safer medication use during pregnancy: summary of a Centers for Disease Control and Prevention--convened meeting.
The CDC convened an expert meeting in January 2013 to inform clinical decision making for managing health conditions in pregnancy. This report summarized their discussions of best practices for formulating an expert review process, developing evidence summaries and treatment guidance, and disseminating information.
Citation: Broussard CS, Frey MT, Hernandez-Diaz S . Developing a systematic approach to safer medication use during pregnancy: summary of a Centers for Disease Control and Prevention--convened meeting. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2014 Sep;211(3):208-14.e1. doi: 10.1016/j.ajog.2014.05.040.
Keywords: Adverse Drug Events (ADE), Maternal Care, Medication: Safety, Medication, Pregnancy
Camelo Castillo W, Boggess K, Stürmer T
Trends in glyburide compared with insulin use for gestational diabetes treatment in the United States, 2000-2011.
The researchers sought to characterize pharmacologic treatment of women with gestational diabetes (GDM) by describing trends in the use of glyburide compared with insulin over the past decade (2000-2011) and identifying predictors of initial choice of pharmacotherapy. They found that glyburide has replaced insulin as the more common pharmacotherapy for GDM among those privately insured.
Citation: Camelo Castillo W, Boggess K, Stürmer T . Trends in glyburide compared with insulin use for gestational diabetes treatment in the United States, 2000-2011. Obstet Gynecol. 2014 Jun;123(6):1177-84. doi: 10.1097/AOG.0000000000000285..
Keywords: Diabetes, Maternal Care, Medication, Practice Patterns, Pregnancy, Women
Palmsten K, Huybrechts KF, Kowal MK
Validity of maternal and infant outcomes within nationwide Medicaid data.
The researchers aimed to assess the validity of preeclampsia, congenital cardiac malformations, and persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn diagnoses in the U.S. Medicaid Analytic eXtract (MAX), a database that may be useful for perinatal research. The positive predictive values were conservative, particularly when restricting to infants not transferred to another facility shortly after birth because only records from a single hospitalization were reviewed.
Citation: Palmsten K, Huybrechts KF, Kowal MK . Validity of maternal and infant outcomes within nationwide Medicaid data. Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf 2014 Jun;23(6):646-55. doi: 10.1002/pds.3627..
Keywords: Newborns/Infants, Maternal Care, Outcomes, Medicaid