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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 6 of 6 Research Studies Displayed
Beil H, Rozier RG, Preisser JS
Effects of early dental office visits on dental caries experience.
This study determined the association between timing of a first dentist office visit before age 5 and dental disease in kindergarten. It found that children with early dental visits (before age 2) had higher rates of tooth decay than those who had later visits (between ages 3 and 5).
Citation: Beil H, Rozier RG, Preisser JS . Effects of early dental office visits on dental caries experience. Am J Public Health. 2014 Oct;104(10):1979-85. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2013.301325..
Keywords: Dental and Oral Health, Children/Adolescents, Access to Care, Medicaid, Prevention
Holzer J, Canavan M, Bradley E
County-level correlation between adult obesity rates and prevalence of dentists.
The researchers conducted a study to examine the association between the prevalence of dentists and the rates of adult obesity. They found that having one additional dentist per 10,000 population was associated significantly with a 1-percentage point reduction in the rate of obesity. This effect was significantly larger in counties in which 25 percent of children or more (versus less than 25 percent of children) lived in poverty and in counties that had more primary care physicians per 10,000 population.
Citation: Holzer J, Canavan M, Bradley E . County-level correlation between adult obesity rates and prevalence of dentists. J Am Dent Assoc 2014 Sep;145(9):932-9. doi: 10.14219/jada.2014.48.
Keywords: Dental and Oral Health, Obesity, Risk, Social Determinants of Health, Value
Manski RJ, Cohen LA, Brown E
AHRQ Author: Brown E, Carper KV
Dental service mix among older adults aged 65 and over, United States, 1999 and 2009.
To establish a baseline and provide data for oral health workforce models, this report describes the types of dental procedures received by US adults 65 years and older in 2009 and looks at trends since 1999. It found that between 1999 and 2009, the proportion of preventive services significantly increased, whereas the proportion of restorative and endodontic services significantly decreased.
Citation: Manski RJ, Cohen LA, Brown E . Dental service mix among older adults aged 65 and over, United States, 1999 and 2009. J Public Health Dent 2014 Sum;74(3):219-26. doi: 10.1111/jphd.12049..
Keywords: Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS), Dental and Oral Health, Healthcare Utilization
Kranz AM, Rozier RG, Preisser JS
Preventive services by medical and dental providers and treatment outcomes.
The researchers compared the association between the provider of preventive services (PCP, dentist, or both) with Medicaid-enrolled children before their third birthday and subsequent dental caries-related treatment (CRT) and CRT payment. They concluded that, due to children's increased opportunity to receive multiple visits in medical offices during well-child visits, preventive oral health services provided by PCPs may lead to a greater reduction in CRT than dentist visits alone.
Citation: Kranz AM, Rozier RG, Preisser JS . Preventive services by medical and dental providers and treatment outcomes. J Dent Res 2014 Jul;93(7):633-8. doi: 10.1177/0022034514536731.
Keywords: Children/Adolescents, Dental and Oral Health, Patient-Centered Outcomes Research, Prevention, Primary Care
Gibson G, Jurasic MM, Wehler CJ
Longitudinal outcomes of using a fluoride performance measure for adults at high risk of experiencing caries.
In this paper, the authors hypothesized that after the implementation of a performance measure regarding appropriate fluoride use, veterans at high risk of experiencing caries would require fewer new dental restorations than in the past. They found that, after use of the performance measure for four years, there were 8.6 percent fewer patients needing two or more restorations, a 10.8 percent decrease in the mean number of restorations, and a modest 3.4 percent fewer patients at high risk of experiencing caries who required new restorations after the initial 12-month period.
Citation: Gibson G, Jurasic MM, Wehler CJ . Longitudinal outcomes of using a fluoride performance measure for adults at high risk of experiencing caries. J Am Dent Assoc 2014 May;145(5):443-51. doi: 10.14219/jada.2013.53.
Keywords: Dental and Oral Health, Healthcare Delivery, Provider Performance, Quality Indicators (QIs), Quality Measures
Meyerhoefer CD, Zuvekas SH, Manski R
AHRQ Author: Zuvekas SH, Manski R
The demand for preventive and restorative dental services.
The authors sought to examine the extent to which limited dental coverage and high out-of-pocket costs reduce dental service use by the nonelderly privately insured and uninsured. They concluded that dental coverage is an important determinant of preventive dental service use, but other nonprice factors related to consumer preferences, especially education, are equal if not stronger determinants.
Citation: Meyerhoefer CD, Zuvekas SH, Manski R . The demand for preventive and restorative dental services. Health Econ 2014 Jan;23(1):14-32. doi: 10.1002/hec.2899.
Keywords: Chronic Conditions, Dental and Oral Health, Health Insurance, Health Services Research (HSR), Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS)