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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 4 of 4 Research Studies Displayed
Smieliauskas F, MacMahon H, Salgia R
Geographic variation in radiologist capacity and widespread implementation of lung cancer CT screening.
The researchers estimated the prevalence of capacity constraints in the radiologist workforce and resulting potential disparities in access to lung cancer screening. They found that scaling up lung cancer screening would increase imaging procedures by an average of 4% across Health Service Areas (HSAs). HSAs that were rural, with many eligible smokers, and disproportionately Hispanic or low-income smokers had significantly higher odds of facing capacity constraints.
Citation: Smieliauskas F, MacMahon H, Salgia R . Geographic variation in radiologist capacity and widespread implementation of lung cancer CT screening. J Med Screen 2014 Dec;21(4):207-15. doi: 10.1177/0969141314548055..
Keywords: U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF), Cancer, Cancer: Lung Cancer, Screening, Imaging
Gerber DE, Laccetti AL, Xuan L
Impact of prior cancer on eligibility for lung cancer clinical trials.
A prior cancer diagnosis often excludes patients from cancer clinical trials. Lung cancer patients were used to determine estimated impact on trial accrual. This study found that patients previously diagnosed with cancer were excluded in more than two-thirds of lung cancer trials. More research is needed to understand the basis of this policy.
Citation: Gerber DE, Laccetti AL, Xuan L . Impact of prior cancer on eligibility for lung cancer clinical trials. J Natl Cancer Inst. 2014 Nov;106(11). doi: 10.1093/jnci/dju302..
Keywords: Cancer: Lung Cancer, Policy, Cancer, Diagnostic Safety and Quality
Deppen SA, Blume JD, Kensinger CD
Accuracy of FDG-PET to diagnose lung cancer in areas with infectious lung disease: a meta-analysis.
The purpose of this study was to estimate the diagnostic accuracy of positron emission tomography (PET) combined with fludeoxyglucose F18 (FDG) for pulmonary modules suspicious for lung cancer in regions where infectious lung disease is endemic and compare the accuracy in regions where such disease is rare. It found that the accuracy of FDG-PET was extremely heterogeneous.
Citation: Deppen SA, Blume JD, Kensinger CD . Accuracy of FDG-PET to diagnose lung cancer in areas with infectious lung disease: a meta-analysis. JAMA 2014 Sep 24;312(12):1227-36. doi: 10.1001/jama.2014.11488..
Keywords: Cancer, Cancer: Lung Cancer, Diagnostic Safety and Quality, Respiratory Conditions, Imaging
Davidoff AJ, Gardner LD, Zuckerman IH
AHRQ Author: Davidoff AJ
Validation of disability status, a claims-based measure of functional status for cancer treatment and outcomes studies.
The researchers implemented and validated a disability status (DS) measure in 4 cohorts of cancer patients. They found that the DS measure is a significant independent predictor of cancer-directed treatment, but unobserved factors continue to play a role in determining treatments.
Citation: Davidoff AJ, Gardner LD, Zuckerman IH . Validation of disability status, a claims-based measure of functional status for cancer treatment and outcomes studies. Med Care 2014 Jun;52(6):500-10. doi: 10.1097/mlr.0000000000000122.
Keywords: Cancer, Cancer: Breast Cancer, Disabilities, Health Status, Cancer: Lung Cancer