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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 5 of 5 Research Studies Displayed
Admon AJ, Seymour CW, Gershengorn HB
Hospital-level variation in ICU admission and critical care procedures for patients hospitalized for pulmonary embolism.
The researchers examined the relationship between intensive care unit (ICU) use for patients with pulmonary embolism (PE) and cost, mortality, readmission, and procedure use in 263 hospitals. They found wide variations in ICU admission rates for acute PE without a detectable impact on mortality, cost, or readmission.
Citation: Admon AJ, Seymour CW, Gershengorn HB . Hospital-level variation in ICU admission and critical care procedures for patients hospitalized for pulmonary embolism. Chest. 2014 Dec;146(6):1452-61. doi: 10.1378/chest.14-0059..
Keywords: Blood Clots, Care Management, Critical Care, Healthcare Delivery, Intensive Care Unit (ICU)
Ju MH, Chung JW, Kinnier CV
Association between hospital imaging use and venous thromboembolism events rates based on clinical data.
This study assessed the presence and extent of venous thromboembolism (VTE) surveillance bias using high-quality clinical data from 208 hospitals. It concluded that hospitals may be unfairly deemed poor performers for the outcome VTE measure if they have increased vigilance for VTE by performing more VTE imaging studies that result in higher VTE event rates.
Citation: Ju MH, Chung JW, Kinnier CV . Association between hospital imaging use and venous thromboembolism events rates based on clinical data. Ann Surg. 2014 Sep; 260(3):558-64; discussion 64-6. doi: 10.1097/sla.0000000000000897..
Keywords: Blood Clots, Public Reporting, Adverse Events, Outcomes, Quality of Care
Chopra V, Ratz D, Kuhn L
Peripherally inserted central catheter-related deep vein thrombosis: contemporary patterns and predictors.
This study was designed to determine patient, provider, and device outcome of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) associated with peripherally inserted central catheters (PICCs). Larger PICC gauge, especially in the use of recently diagnosed cancer patients, increases the likelihood of DVT.
Citation: Chopra V, Ratz D, Kuhn L . Peripherally inserted central catheter-related deep vein thrombosis: contemporary patterns and predictors. J Thromb Haemost 2014 Jun;12(6):847-54. doi: 10.1111/jth.12549..
Keywords: Adverse Events, Blood Clots, Patient Safety, Risk
Streiff MB, Brady JP, Grant AM
AHRQ Author: Brady JP
CDC Grand Rounds: preventing hospital-associated venous thromboembolism.
Approximately half of new venous thromboembolism (VTE) cases occur during a hospital stay or within 90 days of an inpatient admission or surgical procedure, and many are not diagnosed until after discharge. Prevention of VTE can be complicated as physicians must balance the risk for thrombosis with the risk for bleeding from anticoagulants. A collaborative, team-based approach to care is needed for significant and sustained improvement, and it also offers efficiency and capacity to tackle other patient safety problems.
Citation: Streiff MB, Brady JP, Grant AM . CDC Grand Rounds: preventing hospital-associated venous thromboembolism. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2014 Mar 7;63(9):190-3.
Keywords: Blood Clots, Healthcare-Associated Infections (HAIs), Hospitalization, Prevention, Teams
Lau BD, Haut ER
Practices to prevent venous thromboembolism: a brief review.
The purpose of this review is to provide an update on the most effective interventions aimed at improving adherence to guidelines on the use of venous thromboembolism (VTE) prevention strategies. After reviewing sixteen studies, the researchers concluded that the greatest and most sustained improvements were those that combined education with computerised tools.
Citation: Lau BD, Haut ER . Practices to prevent venous thromboembolism: a brief review. BMJ Qual Saf 2014 Mar;23(3):187-95. doi: 10.1136/bmjqs-2012-001782..
Keywords: Comparative Effectiveness, Blood Clots, Prevention, Decision Making, Guidelines