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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 6 of 6 Research Studies Displayed
Klann JG, Buck MD, Brown J
Query Health: standards-based, cross-platform population health surveillance.
The Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology (ONC) Query Health Initiative is a collaboration to develop a national architecture for distributed, population-level health queries across diverse clinical systems with disparate data models. The authors review Query Health activities, including a standards-based methodology, an open-source reference implementation, and three pilot projects.
Citation: Klann JG, Buck MD, Brown J . Query Health: standards-based, cross-platform population health surveillance. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2014 Jul-Aug;21(4):650-6. doi: 10.1136/amiajnl-2014-002707..
Keywords: Public Health, Education: Patient and Caregiver, Health Information Technology (HIT)
Dixon BE, Vreeman DJ, Grannis SJ
The long road to semantic interoperability in support of public health: experiences from two states.
This essay illustrates the current state of semantic interoperability using a case example drawn from public health and discusses three policy strategies for strengthening interoperability. It also presents recommendations for improving the use of clinical data and information for public health, including disease surveillance, community assessment and measurement of care quality.
Citation: Dixon BE, Vreeman DJ, Grannis SJ . The long road to semantic interoperability in support of public health: experiences from two states. J Biomed Inform. 2014 Jun;49:3-8. doi: 10.1016/j.jbi.2014.03.011..
Keywords: Public Health, Data, Quality of Care
Khazeni N, Hutton DW, Collins CI
Health and economic benefits of early vaccination and nonpharmaceutical interventions for a human influenza A (H7N9) pandemic: a modeling study.
In order to determine how quickly vaccination should be completed to reduce infections, deaths, and health care costs in a severe influenza pandemic in a large metropolitan area, researchers used a dynamic transmission model. They found that vaccination in an influenza-A (H7N9) pandemic would need to be completed much faster than in the 2009 pandemic to substantially reduce morbidity, mortality, and health care costs.
Citation: Khazeni N, Hutton DW, Collins CI . Health and economic benefits of early vaccination and nonpharmaceutical interventions for a human influenza A (H7N9) pandemic: a modeling study. Ann Intern Med. 2014 May 20;160(10):684-94. doi: 10.7326/M13-2071..
Keywords: Vaccination, Influenza, Mortality, Healthcare Costs, Public Health
Greer SL, Lillvis DF
Beyond leadership: political strategies for coordination in health policies.
The objective of this article is to utilize the political science and public administration literatures to document the problems that serve as obstacles to intersectoral governance– and therefore, the implementation of a Health in All Policies (HiAP) approach–as well as solutions to overcome these obstacles.
Citation: Greer SL, Lillvis DF . Beyond leadership: political strategies for coordination in health policies. Health Policy 2014 May;116(1):12-7. doi: 10.1016/j.healthpol.2014.01.019..
Keywords: Policy, Public Health, Policy
Hsuan C, Rodriguez HP
The adoption and discontinuation of clinical services by local health departments.
The researchers identified factors associated with local health department (LHD) adoption and discontinuation of clinical services. They found that most LHDs are discontinuing clinical services over time. Those that cover a wide range of core public health functions are less likely to discontinue services when residents lack care access.
AHRQ-funded; AHRQ Predoctoral Traineeship.
Citation: Hsuan C, Rodriguez HP . The adoption and discontinuation of clinical services by local health departments. Am J Public Health 2014 Jan;104(1):124-33. doi: 10.2105/ajph.2013.301426..
Keywords: Public Health, Access to Care, Health Services Research (HSR)
Leeman J, Teal R, Jernigan J
What evidence and support do state-level public health practitioners need to address obesity prevention.
This study describes interview and survey findings that detail how public health practitioners characterize the obesity prevention task, the types of evidence and support they find most helpful, and their needs for additional evidence and support. The researchers conducted 10 in-depth interviews with public health practitioners and project officers followed by an online survey completed by 62 practitioners.
Citation: Leeman J, Teal R, Jernigan J . What evidence and support do state-level public health practitioners need to address obesity prevention. Am J Health Promot 2014 Jan-Feb;28(3):189-96. doi: 10.4278/ajhp.120518-QUAL-266..
Keywords: Obesity, Prevention, Public Health