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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 5 of 5 Research Studies Displayed
Moyer VA, Papile LA, Eichenwald E
An intervention to improve transitions from NICU to ambulatory care: quasi-experimental study.
The authors tested whether a multifaceted intervention that included a health coach to assist families and an enhanced personal health record to improve the quality of information available to parents and community professionals would decrease adverse events and improve family assessment of the transition of infants born prematurely or with complex medical problems to home. They found that a multicomponent discharge intervention designed to address specific problems identified using Healthcare Failure Modes and Effects Analysis did not reduce certain adverse outcomes in the post-discharge period.
Citation: Moyer VA, Papile LA, Eichenwald E . An intervention to improve transitions from NICU to ambulatory care: quasi-experimental study. BMJ Qual Saf 2014 Dec;23(12):e3. doi: 10.1136/bmjqs-2012-001726.
Keywords: Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU), Ambulatory Care and Surgery, Patient Safety, Quality Improvement, Transitions of Care
Profit J, Sharek PJ, Amspoker AB
Burnout in the NICU setting and its relation to safety culture.
The objectives of this study are three-fold: to test the psychometric properties of a brief four-item burnout scale; to provide neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) burnout and resilience benchmarking data across different units and caregiver types; and to examine the relationships between caregiver burnout and patient safety culture. The authors found that NICU caregiver burnout appears to have 'climate-like' features, is prevalent, and is associated with lower perceptions of patient safety culture.
Citation: Profit J, Sharek PJ, Amspoker AB . Burnout in the NICU setting and its relation to safety culture. BMJ Qual Saf 2014 Oct;23(10):806-13. doi: 10.1136/bmjqs-2014-002831.
Keywords: Provider: Health Personnel, Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU), Newborns/Infants, Patient Safety
Sexton JB, Sharek PJ, Thomas EJ
Exposure to Leadership WalkRounds in neonatal intensive care units is associated with a better patient safety culture and less caregiver burnout.
The aims of this study were to evaluate the association between WalkRound (WR) feedback, patient safety culture, and caregiver burnout. It found that more WR feedback was associated with better safety culture results and lower burnout rates in the neonatal intensive care units (NICUs).
Citation: Sexton JB, Sharek PJ, Thomas EJ . Exposure to Leadership WalkRounds in neonatal intensive care units is associated with a better patient safety culture and less caregiver burnout. BMJ Qual Saf. 2014 Oct;23(10):814-22. doi: 10.1136/bmjqs-2013-002042..
Keywords: Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU), Patient Safety, Caregiving, Children/Adolescents
Garfield CF, Lee Y, Kim HN
Paternal and maternal concerns for their very low-birth-weight infants transitioning from the NICU to home.
The authors examined the concerns and coping mechanisms of fathers and mothers of very low-birth-weight neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) infants as they transition to home from the NICU. They found that overriding concerns included pervasive uncertainty, lingering medical concerns, and partner-related adjustment concerns that differed by gender. They concluded that many parental concerns can be addressed with improved discharge information exchanges and anticipatory guidance.
Citation: Garfield CF, Lee Y, Kim HN . Paternal and maternal concerns for their very low-birth-weight infants transitioning from the NICU to home. J Perinat Neonatal Nurs 2014 Oct-Dec;28(4):305-12. doi: 10.1097/jpn.0000000000000021.
Keywords: Care Coordination, Hospital Discharge, Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU), Newborns/Infants, Transitions of Care
Lorch SA, Passarella M, Zeigler A
Challenges to measuring variation in readmission rates of neonatal intensive care patients.
The authors examined the viability of a hospital readmission quality metric for infants requiring neonatal intensive care. They found that the California cohort showed significant variation in hospital-level readmission rates, supporting the premise that readmission rates of prematurely born infants may reflect care quality. However, state data did not include term and early term infants requiring neonatal intensive care, and there were extensive missing data in the few states with sufficient information on managed care patients to calculate state-level measures. They concluded that constructing a valid readmission measure for NICU care across diverse states and regions requires improved data collection.
AHRQ-funded; HS018661; HS020508.
Citation: Lorch SA, Passarella M, Zeigler A . Challenges to measuring variation in readmission rates of neonatal intensive care patients. Acad Pediatr 2014 Sep-Oct;14(5 Suppl):S47-53. doi: 10.1016/j.acap.2014.06.010.
Keywords: Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU), Newborns/Infants, Quality Indicators (QIs), Quality Measures, Hospital Readmissions