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Research Studies is a compilation of published research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers.
Results1 to 5 of 5 Research Studies Displayed
Gilmer TP, Stefancic A, Katz ML
Fidelity to the housing first model and effectiveness of permanent supported housing programs in California.
This paper examined the relationship between fidelity to the Housing First model and residential outcomes among clients of full service partnerships (FSPs) in California. They concluded that programs with greater fidelity to the Housing First model enrolled clients with longer histories of homelessness and placed most of them in apartments.
Citation: Gilmer TP, Stefancic A, Katz ML . Fidelity to the housing first model and effectiveness of permanent supported housing programs in California. Psychiatr Serv 2014 Nov;65(11):1311-7. doi: 10.1176/appi.ps.201300447.
Keywords: Vulnerable Populations
Vanderwerker L, Akincigil A, Olfson M
Foster care, externalizing disorders, and antipsychotic use among Medicaid-enrolled youths.
The researchers investigated the extent to which clinical diagnoses of externalizing disorders explain higher rates of antipsychotic use by foster care youths. They found that foster care youths had higher rates of externalizing disorders than the comparison group and greater antipsychotic use. Foster care remained a significant predictor of antipsychotic use after control for demographic and diagnostic covariates.
AHRQ-funded; HS017918; HS019937; HS021112.
Citation: Vanderwerker L, Akincigil A, Olfson M . Foster care, externalizing disorders, and antipsychotic use among Medicaid-enrolled youths. Psychiatr Serv 2014 Oct;65(10):1281-4. doi: 10.1176/appi.ps.201300455.
Keywords: Children/Adolescents, Medication, Medicaid, Vulnerable Populations, Behavioral Health
Lebrun-Harris LA, Tomoyasu N, Ngo-Metzger Q
AHRQ Author: Ngo-Metzger Q
Substance use, risk of dependence, counseling and treatment among adult health center patients.
The authors examined the prevalence of substance use and risk of dependence among health center patients, and identified factors associated with desire for counseling/treatment and discussions about substance use with a clinician. They found that 84% of patients who desired substance use counseling or treatment reported receiving it, and those patients most likely to desire substance use counseling or treatment were male, unmarried, insured, current smokers, and indicated mental health problems.
Citation: Lebrun-Harris LA, Tomoyasu N, Ngo-Metzger Q . Substance use, risk of dependence, counseling and treatment among adult health center patients. J Health Care Poor Underserved 2014 Aug;25(3):1217-30. doi: 10.1353/hpu.2014.0130.
Keywords: Behavioral Health, Community-Based Practice, Substance Abuse, Vulnerable Populations
Allgood KL, Rauscher GH, Whitman S
Validating self-reported mammography use in vulnerable communities: findings and recommendations.
The researchers examined the potential extent of overreporting of mammography use in low-income African-American and Latina women, and whether self-report inaccuracies might bias estimated associations between patient characteristics and mammography use. They found that although 73% of women self-reported a mammogram in the last 2 years, only 44% of self-reports were documented. Overreporting of mammography use was observed for all ethnic groups studied.
Citation: Allgood KL, Rauscher GH, Whitman S . Validating self-reported mammography use in vulnerable communities: findings and recommendations. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 2014 Aug;23(8):1649-58. doi: 10.1158/1055-9965.epi-13-1253.
Keywords: Healthcare Utilization, Vulnerable Populations, Racial and Ethnic Minorities, Women, Low-Income, Urban Health
Moy E, Freeman W
AHRQ Author: Moy E, Freeman W
Federal investments to eliminate racial/ethnic health-care disparities.
The authors presented a model that describes the relationships among social disadvantage, health-care disparities, and health disparities. They proposed that increasing the diversity of the public health and health-care workforces is an efficient strategy for reducing disparities because it impacts both access to care and patient-provider communication.
Citation: Moy E, Freeman W . Federal investments to eliminate racial/ethnic health-care disparities. Public Health Rep 2014 Jan-Feb;129 Suppl 2:62-70. doi: 10.1177/00333549141291s212.
Keywords: Access to Care, Disparities, Racial and Ethnic Minorities, Social Determinants of Health, Vulnerable Populations