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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 2 of 2 Research Studies Displayed
Ali KJ, Farley DO, Speck K
Measurement of implementation components and contextual factors in a two-state healthcare quality initiative to reduce ventilator-associated pneumonia.
The authors sought to develop and field test an implementation assessment tool for assessing progress of hospital units in implementing improvements for the prevention of ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) in a two-state collaborative. They found that a relatively small number of barriers were found to have important negative effects on implementation progress, including barriers related to workload and time issues. They modified coaching provided to the unit teams to reinforce training in weak spots that the interviews identified.
Citation: Ali KJ, Farley DO, Speck K . Measurement of implementation components and contextual factors in a two-state healthcare quality initiative to reduce ventilator-associated pneumonia. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2014 Oct;35 Suppl 3:S116-23. doi: 10.1086/677832.
Keywords: Healthcare-Associated Infections (HAIs), Patient Safety, Pneumonia, Prevention, Quality Improvement
Rothberg MB, Haessler S, Lagu T
Outcomes of patients with healthcare-associated pneumonia: worse disease or sicker patients?
The researchers sought to determine the contribution of healthcare-associated pneumonia (HCAP) criteria to case-fatality rate. They found that, after adjustment for differences in patient characteristics, HCAP was associated with greater case-fatality rate than community-acquired pneumonia, possibly due to HCAP organisms or to HCAP criteria themselves.
Citation: Rothberg MB, Haessler S, Lagu T . Outcomes of patients with healthcare-associated pneumonia: worse disease or sicker patients? Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2014 Oct;35 Suppl 3:S107-15. doi: 10.1086/677829.
Keywords: Community-Acquired Infections, Healthcare-Associated Infections (HAIs), Mortality, Patient-Centered Outcomes Research, Pneumonia