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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 4 of 4 Research Studies Displayed
Sico JJ, Kundu S, So-Armah K
Depression as a risk factor for incident ischemic stroke among HIV-positive veterans in the veterans aging cohort study.
Background HIV infection and depression are each associated with increased ischemic stroke risk. Whether depression is a risk factor for stroke within the HIV population is unknown. In this study the investigators examined depression as a risk factor for incident ischemic stroke among HIV-positive veterans in the veterans aging cohort study. The investigators concluded that depression is associated with an increased risk of stroke among HIV-positive people after adjusting for sociodemographic characteristics, traditional cerebrovascular risk factors, and HIV-specific factors.
Citation: Sico JJ, Kundu S, So-Armah K . Depression as a risk factor for incident ischemic stroke among HIV-positive veterans in the veterans aging cohort study. J Am Heart Assoc 2021 Jul 6;10(13):e017637. doi: 10.1161/jaha.119.017637..
Keywords: Depression, Behavioral Health, Risk, Veterans, Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), Stroke, Cardiovascular Conditions
Kuperberg M, Katz D, Greenebaum SLA
Psychotic symptoms during bipolar depressive episodes and suicidal ideation.
Researchers examined the relationship between psychotic symptoms during a depressive episode and suicidal ideation in bipolar patients. Psychotic symptoms in adult, depressed outpatients with bipolar disorder (BD) in a comparative effectiveness study of quetiapine versus lithium were assessed via Bipolar Inventory of Signs and Symptoms Scale (BISS); depressive episodes were assessed via Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI). The researchers found that, while a small proportion of bipolar disorder outpatients had current symptoms of psychosis during their depressive episode, those who did were more likely to endorse active suicidal thoughts, including suicide methods and plans.
Citation: Kuperberg M, Katz D, Greenebaum SLA . Psychotic symptoms during bipolar depressive episodes and suicidal ideation. J Affect Disord 2021 Mar 1;282:1241-46. doi: 10.1016/j.jad.2020.12.184..
Keywords: Depression, Behavioral Health, Risk
Goldmann E, Roberts ET, Parikh NS
Chronic physical illness burden and suicidal ideation among Dominicans in New York City.
This study used data from a community survey of 2753 Dominican adults in New York City to investigate the association between chronic illness and suicidal ideation. The investigators concluded that the association of interest did not differ significantly between younger and older adults. They suggest that screening for SI in health care practice, particularly among Dominican men with multiple chronic health conditions, may be warranted.
Citation: Goldmann E, Roberts ET, Parikh NS . Chronic physical illness burden and suicidal ideation among Dominicans in New York City. J Immigr Minor Health 2017 Jun;19(3):616-22. doi: 10.1007/s10903-016-0477-0..
Keywords: Chronic Conditions, Depression, Behavioral Health, Racial / Ethnic Minorities, Risk
Hoffman GJ, Hays RD, Wallace SP
Depressive symptomatology and fall risk among community-dwelling older adults.
The directionality of observed relationship between falls and depressive symptoms (DS) is in need of elaboration given that cross-sectional study designs can yield biased estimates of the DS-falls relationship. This study found that the DS-falls relationship was not significant when use of psychiatric medications, which was positively associated with falls, was included in the model.
Citation: Hoffman GJ, Hays RD, Wallace SP . Depressive symptomatology and fall risk among community-dwelling older adults. Soc Sci Med 2017 Apr;178:206-13. doi: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2017.02.020.
Keywords: Depression, Elderly, Falls, Patient Safety, Risk