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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 3 of 3 Research Studies Displayed
Glenn BA, Nonzee NJ, Tieu L
Human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination in the transition between adolescence and adulthood.
This study looked at the barriers to human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination among young adults receiving care at the student health center of a large public university. The authors conducted semi-structured interviews (n=27) and four focus groups with undergraduate and graduate students (n=18) and semi-structured interviews with 6 health care providers. The interviews and focus groups explored perceived risk of HPV infection, benefits of the HPV vaccine, and motivations for and barriers to HPV vaccination. Many students cited their parents’ views and recommendations from their medical providers as influential on their decision-making process. Cervical cancer prevention was considered the main benefit of the HPV vaccine and sexual activity was a risk factor for HPV infection. Students often lacked knowledge about the vaccine’s benefit for males. Safety and side effects of the vaccine perceived as new were also cited. Providers’ vaccine recommendations were impacted by health system factors including clinical infrastructure, office visit priorities, and processes for recommending and documentation vaccination. Providers suggested various promotion strategies including improving the timing and messaging of outreach efforts on campus and bolstering clinical infrastructure.
Citation: Glenn BA, Nonzee NJ, Tieu L . Human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination in the transition between adolescence and adulthood. Vaccine 2021 Jun 8;39(25):3435-44. doi: 10.1016/j.vaccine.2021.04.019..
Keywords: Young Adults, Sexual Health, Infectious Diseases, Vaccination, Prevention, Cancer: Cervical Cancer, Cancer, Women
Haidari LA, Brown ST, Constenla D
Geospatial planning and the resulting economic impact of human papillomavirus vaccine introduction in Mozambique.
Researchers developed the Strategic Integrated Geo-temporal Mapping Application) to determine the potential economic impact of HPV immunization in Mozambique. If each health center covers a catchment area with a 5-km radius, then 40 percent of the target population could be reached to prevent 50 cases, 178 disability-adjusted life years, and US $202,854 in health care costs and lost productivity.
Citation: Haidari LA, Brown ST, Constenla D . Geospatial planning and the resulting economic impact of human papillomavirus vaccine introduction in Mozambique. Sex Transm Dis 2017 Apr;44(4):222-26. doi: 10.1097/olq.0000000000000574.
Keywords: Cancer, Healthcare Costs, Infectious Diseases, Sexual Health, Vaccination
Geynisman DM, Chien CR, Smieliauskas F
Economic evaluation of therapeutic cancer vaccines and immunotherapy: a systematic review.
The researchers performed a comprehensive literature review of cost and cost-effectiveness research on therapeutic cancer vaccines and monoclonal antibodies, to better understand the economic impacts of these treatments. They discussed the implications surrounding the economic factors involved in cancer immunotherapies and suggested that further research on cost and cost-effectiveness of newer cancer vaccines and immunotherapies were warranted as this is a rapidly growing field with many new drugs on the horizon.
Citation: Geynisman DM, Chien CR, Smieliauskas F . Economic evaluation of therapeutic cancer vaccines and immunotherapy: a systematic review. Hum Vaccin Immunother 2014;10(11):3415-24. doi: 10.4161/hv.29407.
Keywords: Cancer, Healthcare Costs, Vaccination, Value