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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 7 of 7 Research Studies Displayed
Mills J, Day B
AHRQ Author: Mills J
Interventions to prevent perinatal depression.
This case study relates to interventions to prevent perinatal depression. It includes a case description as well as follow up questions and answers.
Citation: Mills J, Day B . Interventions to prevent perinatal depression. Am Fam Physician 2019 Sep 15;100(6):365-66..
Keywords: U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF), Pregnancy, Depression, Behavioral Health, Prevention, Women, Case Study
Brunwasser SM, Freres DR, Gillham JE
Youth cognitive-behavioral depression prevention: testing theory in a randomized controlled trial.
This study tested the plausibility of a theoretical model of change for the Penn Resiliency Program (PRP), a cognitive-behavioral (CB) depression prevention program for adolescents. The authors assert that when effective, PRP's CB training provides incremental value over non-specific components and there are indirect effects on depressive symptoms through improvements in explanatory style.
Citation: Brunwasser SM, Freres DR, Gillham JE . Youth cognitive-behavioral depression prevention: testing theory in a randomized controlled trial. Cognit Ther Res 2018 Aug;42(4):468-82..
Keywords: Children/Adolescents, Behavioral Health, Depression, Patient-Centered Healthcare, Prevention
Kato E, Borsky AE, Zuvekas SH
AHRQ Author: Kato E, Borsky AE, Zuvekas SH, Soni A, Ngo-Metzger Q
Missed opportunities for depression screening and treatment in the United States.
This study estimates the prevalence of depression assessment in adults age 35 and older and how prevalence varies by sociodemographic characteristics and depressive symptoms. It found that approximately 50 percent of US adults aged 35+ were being assessed for depression in 2014-2015. Certain populations were more likely to be missed, including men, people over 75 years old, minorities, and the uninsured.
Citation: Kato E, Borsky AE, Zuvekas SH . Missed opportunities for depression screening and treatment in the United States. J Am Board Fam Med 2018 May-Jun;31(3):389-97. doi: 10.3122/jabfm.2018.03.170406.
Keywords: Depression, Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS), Prevention, Screening, Social Determinants of Health
Brunwasser SM, Gillham JE
Identifying moderators of response to the Penn Resiliency Program: a synthesis study.
Researchers sought to identify moderators of a cognitive-behavioral depression prevention program's effect on depressive symptoms among youth in early adolescence. Data from three randomized controlled trials of the Penn Resiliency Program (PRP) were aggregated to maximize statistical power and sample diversity. The primary analyses suggested that PRP's effects are limited to youth whose parents are unmarried.
Citation: Brunwasser SM, Gillham JE . Identifying moderators of response to the Penn Resiliency Program: a synthesis study. Prev Sci 2018 Feb;19(Suppl 1):38-48. doi: 10.1007/s11121-015-0627-y.
Keywords: Behavioral Health, Children/Adolescents, Depression, Patient-Centered Outcomes Research, Prevention
Hopkins AL, Moore-Monroy M, Wilkinson-Lee AM
It's complicated: negotiating between traditional research and community-based participatory research in a translational study.
The authors focused on the challenges, solutions, and lessons learned in applying the Interactive Systems Framework (ISF) to their translational research project. They identified challenges in the areas of research design, and in the ISF systems of prevention synthesis and translation, prevention support, and prevention delivery. They negotiated solutions between the scientific and local community that resulted in acceptable compromises for both groups. They concluded that although the model presented by the ISF is difficult to achieve, they offered concrete solutions to community members and scientists to move toward that ideal.
Citation: Hopkins AL, Moore-Monroy M, Wilkinson-Lee AM . It's complicated: negotiating between traditional research and community-based participatory research in a translational study. Prog Community Health Partnersh 2016;10(3):425-33. doi: 10.1353/cpr.2016.0049.
Keywords: Education: Patient and Caregiver, Depression, Prevention, Racial / Ethnic Minorities, Implementation
Taylor CB, Kass AE, Trockel M
Reducing eating disorder onset in a very high risk sample with significant comorbid depression: a randomized controlled trial.
The authors evaluated an online eating disorder (ED) intervention designed to reduce ED and comorbid pathology. They found that ED attitudes and behaviors improved more in the intervention group than in the control group. They concluded that an inexpensive, easily disseminated intervention might reduce ED onset among those at highest risk.
Citation: Taylor CB, Kass AE, Trockel M . Reducing eating disorder onset in a very high risk sample with significant comorbid depression: a randomized controlled trial. J Consult Clin Psychol 2016 May;84(5):402-14. doi: 10.1037/ccp0000077.
Keywords: Behavioral Health, Depression, Prevention, Web-Based
Yawn BP, Bertram S, Kurland M
Repeated depression screening during the first postpartum year.
The researchers report a substudy of a large pragmatic trial of early post-partum depression screening and practice management, the Translating Research into Practice for Postpartum Depression (TRIPPD) study. They concluded that repeated PPD screening at 6 and 12 months’ postpartum increases the percentage of women identified as being at high risk of PPD.
Citation: Yawn BP, Bertram S, Kurland M . Repeated depression screening during the first postpartum year. Ann Fam Med 2015 May-Jun;13(3):228-34. doi: 10.1370/afm.1777..
Keywords: Depression, Implementation, Screening, Prevention