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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
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Deshpande A, Richter SS, Haessler S
De-escalation of empiric antibiotics following negative cultures in hospitalized patients with pneumonia: rates and outcomes.
This study assessed antibiotic de-escalation practices across hospitals and their associations with outcomes in hospitalized patients diagnosed with pneumonia with negative cultures. The authors included 14,170 adults admitted with pneumonia in 2010-2015 to 164 US hospitals if they had negative blood and/or respiratory cultures and received both anti-MRSA and antipseudomonal agents other than quinolones. If empiric drugs were stopped on day 4 while continuing another antibiotic it was defined at de-escalation. Patients were propensity adjusted for de-escalation and compared on in-hospital 14-day mortality, late deterioration with ICU transfer, length-of-stay (LOS) and costs. Thirteen percent (1924 patients) had both initial empiric drugs stopped by hospital day 4. De-escalation rates at hospitals ranged from 2-35% and the established rate quartiles were not significantly associated with outcomes. Even at hospitals in the top quartile of de-escalation, the de-escalation rates were lower than 50%.
AHRQ-funded; HS025026; HS024277.
Citation: Deshpande A, Richter SS, Haessler S . De-escalation of empiric antibiotics following negative cultures in hospitalized patients with pneumonia: rates and outcomes. Clin Infect Dis 2021 Apr 26;72(8):1314-22. doi: 10.1093/cid/ciaa212..
Keywords: Antimicrobial Stewardship, Antibiotics, Medication, Pneumonia, Respiratory Conditions, Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), Healthcare-Associated Infections (HAIs), Inpatient Care