Search All Research Studies
AHRQ Research Studies Date
AHRQ Research Studies
Sign up: AHRQ Research Studies Email updates
Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 25 of 661 Research Studies Displayed
Eldridge N, Wang Y, Metersky M
AHRQ Author: Eldridge N, Perdue-Puli J, Brady PJ, Grace E, Rodrick D
Trends in adverse event rates in hospitalized patients, 2010-2019.
This AHRQ-authored serial cross-sectional study’s objective was to determine the change in the rate of adverse events in hospitalized patients from 2010 to 2019. The study used data from the Medicare Patient Safety Monitoring System and included 244,542 adult patients hospitalized in 3156 acute care hospitals across 4 condition groups: acute myocardial infarction (17%), heart failure (17%) pneumonia (21%), major surgical procedures (22%), and all other conditions (22%). Information on adverse events collected included 21 measures across 4 adverse event domains: adverse drug events, hospital-acquired infections, adverse events after a procedure, and general adverse events such as pressure ulcers and falls. The study sample included 190,286 hospital discharges in the combined 4 condition-based groups and 54,256 hospital discharges for all other conditions. From 2010 to 2019, the total change for adverse events per 1000 discharges for acute myocardial infarction decreased from 218 to 139, from 168 to 116 for heart failure, from 195 to 119 for pneumonia, and from 204 to 130 for major surgical procedures. The rate for all other conditions remained unchanged at 70 adverse events per 1000 discharges.
AHRQ-authored; AHRQ-funded; 290201800005C.
Citation: Eldridge N, Wang Y, Metersky M . Trends in adverse event rates in hospitalized patients, 2010-2019. JAMA 2022 Jul 12;328(2):173-83. doi: 10.1001/jama.2022.9600..
Keywords: Adverse Events, Patient Safety, Hospitals, Inpatient Care
Haque W, Ahmadzada M, Janumpally S
Adherence to a federal hospital price transparency rule and associated financial and marketplace factors.
This research letter describes a study that evaluated adherence to the federal Hospital Price Transparency Rule 6 to 9 months after the final rule effective date (January 1, 2021). The rule’s aim is to increase health price transparency and facilitation patient price shopping online. Hospitals were required to post 5 price types: gross charges, discounted prices, payer-specific negotiated prices, minimum and maximum prices in a machine-readable file, and a separate accessible display or price estimator for at least 300 shoppable items. The authors used the Herfindahl-Hirschman Index (HHI) to measure inpatient hospital market concentration. The data was collected for 185 of 929 core-based statistical areas from 2019. HHI is divided into the following categories: unconcentrated, moderately concentrated, or highly or very concentrated. Results showed that out of 5239 total hospitals, 729 (13.9%) had an adherent machine-readable file but no shoppable display, 1542 (29.4%) had an adherent shoppable display but no machine-readable file, and 300 (5.7%) had both. The most adherent hospitals tended to be acute care hospitals with lesser revenue per patient-day, within unconcentrated health care markets, and in urban areas.
Citation: Haque W, Ahmadzada M, Janumpally S . Adherence to a federal hospital price transparency rule and associated financial and marketplace factors. JAMA 2022 Jun 7;327(21):2143-45. doi: 10.1001/jama.2022.5363..
Keywords: Policy, Hospitals, Healthcare Costs
Zebrak K, Yount N, Sorra J
Development, pilot study, and psychometric analysis of the AHRQ Surveys on Patient Safety Culture™ (SOPS(®)) workplace safety supplemental items for hospitals.
The purpose of this AHRQ-funded study was to develop and test survey items that can be utilized together with the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) Surveys on Patient Safety Culture™ (SOPS(®)) Hospital Survey to evaluate how hospitals’ organizational cultures support workplace safety for both providers and staff. Based on a literature review and qualitative interviews with experts in workplace safety, the researchers identified prime areas of workplace safety culture (workplace hazards, moving patients, workplace aggression, management support for workplace safety, workplace safety reporting, and work stress or burnout) and drafted survey items to evaluate these areas. The survey items were then pilot tested on providers and staff in 28 U.S. hospitals using the SOPS Hospital Survey 2.0. Data from 6,684 respondents was analyzed and demonstrated conceptual convergence among the survey measures. The researchers concluded that both researchers and hospitals can utilize the Workplace Safety Supplemental items to evaluate the dimensions of organizational culture that support provider and staff safety and to pinpoint organizational strengths and areas for improvement.
Citation: Zebrak K, Yount N, Sorra J . Development, pilot study, and psychometric analysis of the AHRQ Surveys on Patient Safety Culture™ (SOPS(®)) workplace safety supplemental items for hospitals. Int J Environ Res Public Health 2022 Jun 2;19(11). doi: 10.3390/ijerph19116815..
Keywords: Surveys on Patient Safety Culture, Patient Safety, Hospitals, Organizational Change
McAlearney AS, MacEwan SR, Gregory ME
Identifying management practices for promoting infection prevention: perspectives on strategic communication.
The purpose of this study was to better understand the topics and communication strategies used by hospital administrative and clinical leaders to facilitate healthcare-associated infection prevention. Between 2017 and 2019 the researchers interviewed 188 administrative and clinical leaders in 18 U.S. Hospitals and interviewed them about management practices used to promote the prevention of HAI, with a focus on strategic communications. The study found that information sharing regarding infection prevention focused on two main topics: facilitators of success and barriers to success. The researchers also reported that storytelling using examples of real events was useful. The study concluded that the findings provide useful information about how the strategic communication of HAI information can contribute to improvement and advance hospitals’ infection prevention plans and efforts.
Citation: McAlearney AS, MacEwan SR, Gregory ME . Identifying management practices for promoting infection prevention: perspectives on strategic communication. Am J Infect Control 2022 Jun;50(6):593-97. doi: 10.1016/j.ajic.2021.11.025..
Keywords: Catheter-Associated Urinary Tract Infection (CAUTI), Central Line-Associated Bloodstream Infections (CLABSI), Healthcare-Associated Infections (HAIs), Hospitals, Prevention, Communication
Milliren CE, Bailey G, Graham DA
Relationships between pediatric safety indicators across a national sample of pediatric hospitals: dispelling the myth of the "safest" hospital.
This observational study aimed to explore the covariance of pediatric hospital quality indicators and evaluate the use of a single composite score. Pediatric hospital performance across 13 safety indicators were extracted from the Pediatric Health Information System, a comparative database of children’s hospitals in the U.S. Patients discharged from 36 hospitals from 2016 to 2019 were included. The authors investigated relationships among patient safety measures from AHRQ pediatric quality indicators and Center for Medicare and Medicaid Services hospital-acquired conditions. They identified 5 orthogonal variance components accounting for 68% of variation in pediatric hospital quality indicators. The ranking comparison and summary found greater within-hospital variation compared with between-hospital variation. They observed discordant rankings among commonly used summary measures and concluded that these measures demonstrate at least 2 underlying variance components.
Citation: Milliren CE, Bailey G, Graham DA . Relationships between pediatric safety indicators across a national sample of pediatric hospitals: dispelling the myth of the "safest" hospital. J Patient Saf 2022 Jun 1;18(4):e741-e46. doi: 10.1097/pts.0000000000000938..
Keywords: Children/Adolescents, Quality Indicators (QIs), Quality Measures, Patient Safety, Hospitals, Quality of Care
Usher MC, Tignanelli CJ, Hilliard B
Responding to COVID-19 through interhospital resource coordination: a mixed-methods evaluation
Researchers sought to describe a novel hospital system approach to managing the COVID-19 pandemic, including multihospital coordination capability and transfer of COVID-19 patients to a single, dedicated hospital. They found that, with standardized communication, interhospital transfers were a safe and effective method of cohorting COVID-19 patients, were well-received by health care providers, and had the potential to improve care quality.
AHRQ-funded; HS026379; HS026732.
Citation: Usher MC, Tignanelli CJ, Hilliard B . Responding to COVID-19 through interhospital resource coordination: a mixed-methods evaluation J Patient Saf 2022 Jun 1;18(4):287-94. doi: 10.1097/pts.0000000000000916..
Keywords: COVID-19, Hospitals, Healthcare Delivery, Public Health, Care Coordination, Transitions of Care
Vaughn VM, Hersh AL, Spivak ES
Antibiotic overuse and stewardship at hospital discharge: the reducing overuse of antibiotics at discharge home framework.
In this review, the authors discussed what is currently known about antibiotic overuse at hospital discharge, key barriers, and targets for improving antibiotic prescribing at discharge. They introduced an evidence-based framework, the Reducing Overuse of Antibiotics at Discharge Home Framework, for conducting discharge antibiotic stewardship.
Citation: Vaughn VM, Hersh AL, Spivak ES . Antibiotic overuse and stewardship at hospital discharge: the reducing overuse of antibiotics at discharge home framework. Clin Infect Dis 2022 May 3;74(9):1696-702. doi: 10.1093/cid/ciab842..
Keywords: Antimicrobial Stewardship, Antibiotics, Medication, Hospital Discharge, Hospitals
Wang Y, Eldridge N, Metersky ML
AHRQ Author: Eldridge N, Rodrick D
Analysis of hospital-level readmission rates and variation in adverse events among patients with pneumonia in the United States.
The purpose of this AHRQ-authored cross-sectional study was to assess whether patients with pneumonia who were admitted to hospitals with higher risk-standardized readmission rates had a higher risk of in-hospital adverse events. The researchers linked patient-level adverse events data from the Medicare Patient Safety Monitoring System (MPSMS) to the hospital-level pneumonia-specific all-cause readmissions data from the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services. The MPSMS data included 46,047 patients with pneumonia across 2,590 hospitals discharged from July 1, 2010, through December 31, 2019. For data from 2010 to 2017, analysis was completed from October 2019 through July 2020, and for data from 2018 to 2019 analysis was completed from March through April 2022. The study concluded that readmission rates are associated with the quality of hospital care for pneumonia; patients with pneumonia admitted to hospitals with high all-cause readmission rates had a higher likelihood of developing adverse events during the initial hospitalization.
AHRQ-authored; AHRQ-funded; 290201800005C.
Citation: Wang Y, Eldridge N, Metersky ML . Analysis of hospital-level readmission rates and variation in adverse events among patients with pneumonia in the United States. JAMA Netw Open 2022 May 2;5(5):e2214586. doi: 10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2022.14586..
Keywords: Hospital Readmissions, Hospitals, Adverse Events, Pneumonia, Respiratory Conditions
Yu A, Jordan SR, Gilmartin H
"Our hands are tied until your doctor gets here": nursing perspectives on inter-hospital transfers.
The purpose of this study was to characterize the experiences of inpatient floor-level bedside nurses caring for inter-hospital transfer (IHT) patients and to identify care coordination challenges and solutions. Results from this study are mapped to AHRQ’s Care Coordination Measurement Framework domains of communication, assessing needs and goals, and negotiating accountability. Findings showed that three key themes characterized nurses' experiences with IHT related to these domains: challenges with information exchange and team communication during IHT, environmental and information preparation needed to anticipate transfers, and determining responsibility and care plans after the IHT patient has arrived at the accepting facility.
Citation: Yu A, Jordan SR, Gilmartin H . "Our hands are tied until your doctor gets here": nursing perspectives on inter-hospital transfers. J Gen Intern Med 2022 May;37(7):1729-36. doi: 10.1007/s11606-021-07276-5..
Keywords: Transitions of Care, Hospitals, Provider: Nurse
Schmutz KE, Wallace AS, Bristol AA
Hospital discharge during COVID-19: the role of social resources.
The purpose of this qualitative study was to examine the effect of the COVID-19 pandemic on the ability of patients to obtain and receive support post-discharge after medical or surgical hospital services. The researchers utilized the Individual and Family Self-Management Theory as a framework for semi-structured interviews conducted with 26 patients discharged from the hospital. The study found that the majority of participants described minimal impact on their ability to secure support, with the exception of one participant whose support changes radically affected her experience post-discharge. The researchers concluded that strong pre-existing social support networks were protective for patients returning home after hospitalization during the pandemic.
Citation: Schmutz KE, Wallace AS, Bristol AA . Hospital discharge during COVID-19: the role of social resources. Clin Nurs Res 2022 May;31(4):724-32. doi: 10.1177/10547738221075760..
Keywords: COVID-19, Hospital Discharge, Hospitals
Taylor K, Diaz A, Nuliyalu U
Association of dual Medicare and Medicaid eligibility with outcomes and spending for cancer surgery in high-quality hospitals.
The purpose of this study was to assess whether treatment at high-quality hospitals mitigates dual-eligibility-associated disparities in outcomes and spending for cancer surgery. Medicare beneficiaries 65 years or older who underwent colectomy, rectal resection, lung resection, or pancreatectomy were evaluated. The findings indicate that, even among the highest-quality hospitals, dual-eligibility patients had poorer outcomes and higher spending. Dually eligible patients were more likely to be discharged to a facility and thus incurred higher post-acute care costs. Although treatment at high-quality hospitals is associated with reduced differences in outcomes, dual-eligibility patients remain at high risk for adverse post-operative outcomes as well as increased readmissions and post-acute care use.
Citation: Taylor K, Diaz A, Nuliyalu U . Association of dual Medicare and Medicaid eligibility with outcomes and spending for cancer surgery in high-quality hospitals. JAMA Surg 2022 Apr;157(4):e217586. doi: 10.1001/jamasurg.2021.7586..
Keywords: Cancer, Surgery, Medicare, Medicaid, Outcomes, Hospitals
McCleskey SG, Shek L, Grein J
Economic evaluation of quality improvement interventions to prevent catheter-associated urinary tract infections in the hospital setting: a systematic review.
This systematic review looked at economic evaluations of quality improvement (QI) interventions to reduce rates of catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTIs). A literature review was conducted for conference abstracts and studies from January 2000 to October 2020. Dual reviewers assessed study design, effectiveness, costs and study quality for eligibility. The reviewers performed a cost-consequence analysis from the hospital perspective, estimating the incidence rate ratio and increment net cost/savings per hospital over 3 years for each eligible study. Fifteen unique economic evaluations were eligible, and 12 studies were amenable to standardization. QI interventions were associated with a 43% decline in infections and wide ranges of net costs relative to usual care.
Citation: McCleskey SG, Shek L, Grein J . Economic evaluation of quality improvement interventions to prevent catheter-associated urinary tract infections in the hospital setting: a systematic review. BMJ Qual Saf 2022 Apr;31(4):308-21. doi: 10.1136/bmjqs-2021-013839..
Keywords: Quality Improvement, Quality of Care, Urinary Tract Infection (UTI), Healthcare-Associated Infections (HAIs), Hospitals, Healthcare Costs
Jin B, Nembhard IM
Effects of affiliation network membership on hospital quality and financial performance.
This study examined the effects of hospital membership in affiliation networks-franchise-like networks sponsored by high-quality health systems in which affiliate hospitals pay an annual fee for access to sponsor's operational and clinical resources-on clinical quality, patient experience ratings, and financial performance of affiliates and their competitors. The authors used network membership data from press releases and websites of four sponsors (Mayo Clinic, Cleveland Clinic, MD Anderson, Memorial Sloan Kettering), American Hospital Association's Annual Survey, Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services' Hospital Compare, and Healthcare Cost Report Information System, all for 2005-2016. The authors looked at 199 network affiliates. The affiliates experienced insignificant clinical quality changes but increased their net income and operating margin more than non-affiliates. There were no changes in measures for multispecialty affiliates.
Citation: Jin B, Nembhard IM . Effects of affiliation network membership on hospital quality and financial performance. Health Serv Res 2022 Apr;57(2):248-58. doi: 10.1111/1475-6773.13876..
Keywords: Hospitals, Quality of Care
Bui LN, Marshall C, Miller-Rosales C
Hospital adoption of electronic decision support tools for preeclampsia management.
Maternal morbidity and mortality can be reduced by the utilization of evidence-based clinical guidelines for preeclampsia management. Electronic health record (EHR)-based clinical decision support tools can improve the use of those guidelines. The purpose of this study was to investigate the organizational capabilities and hospital adoption of HER-based decision tools for preeclampsia management. The researchers conducted a cross-sectional analysis of hospitals that provided obstetric care in 2017. A total of 739 hospitals that responded to the 2017-2018 National Survey of Healthcare Organizations and Systems (NSHOS) and their results were linked to the 2017 Area Health Resources File (AHRF) and the American Hospital Association (AHA) Annual Survey Database. A final total of 425 hospitals from 49 states were analyzed. The primary outcome of the analysis was whether a hospital adopted EHR-based clinical decision support tools for preeclampsia management. The study found that 68% of the hospitals utilized EHR-based decision support tools for preeclampsia, and that hospitals with a single EHR system were more likely to adopt EHR-based decision support tools for preeclampsia than hospitals with multiple systems, including a combination of EHR and paper-based systems. The researchers also determined that hospitals with more processes to disseminate best patient care practices were more likely to adopt EHR-based decision support tools for preeclampsia management. The study concluded that having standardized EHRs and policies to disseminate evidence can help hospitals advance the use of EHR-based decision support tools for preeclampsia management in those hospitals that have not yet adopted them.
Citation: Bui LN, Marshall C, Miller-Rosales C . Hospital adoption of electronic decision support tools for preeclampsia management. Qual Manag Health Care 2022 Apr-Jun;31(2):59-67. doi: 10.1097/qmh.0000000000000328..
Keywords: Clinical Decision Support (CDS), Electronic Health Records (EHRs), Health Information Technology (HIT), Hospitals, Pregnancy, Women
Leyenaar JK, Esporas M, Mangione-Smith R
How does pediatric quality measure development reflect the real world needs of hospitalized children?
This study examined to what extent do the Pediatric Quality Measures Program (PQMP) reflect the real world needs of hospitalized children. The authors discussed recent advances in pediatric quality measurement in the context of the current epidemiology of pediatric hospitalization in the US. The history of PQMP is discussed, including AHRQ’s role from 2011 to 2016 as the manager of cooperative agreement grants to seven academic medical centers to develop the initial set of evidence-based quality measures designed to improve children’s quality of care. During the second phase (2016 to 2020), 6 institutions were funded to implement and disseminate these quality measures, with a goal of determining their feasibility and usability. The majority of these measures were developed at large children’s hospitals. However, 20% of children live in rural areas not near a children’s hospital. Among all general hospitals that admit children, 80% have pediatric volumes of less than 375 hospitalizations per year. Unique strategies will be needed to evaluate healthcare quality at these hospitals. The role of interhospital transfer to larger children’s hospitals is also discussed and how it impacts quality of care.
Citation: Leyenaar JK, Esporas M, Mangione-Smith R . How does pediatric quality measure development reflect the real world needs of hospitalized children? Acad Pediatr 2022 Apr;22(3s):S70-s72. doi: 10.1016/j.acap.2021.01.019..
Keywords: Children/Adolescents, Quality Measures, Quality Improvement, Quality of Care, Quality Indicators (QIs), Hospitals
Herrin J, Yu H, Venkatesh AK
Identifying high-value care for Medicare beneficiaries: a cross-sectional study of acute care hospitals in the USA.
Investigators sought to define hospital value and identify the characteristics of hospitals which provide high-value care. Participants were Medicare beneficiaries with claims included in CMS Overall Star Ratings or in publicly available Medicare spending per beneficiary data. The researchers found that there are high quality hospitals that are not high value, and a number of factors are strongly associated with being low or high value. They suggested that their findings can inform efforts of policymakers and hospitals to increase the value of care.
AHRQ-funded; HS022882; HS026980.
Citation: Herrin J, Yu H, Venkatesh AK . Identifying high-value care for Medicare beneficiaries: a cross-sectional study of acute care hospitals in the USA. BMJ Open 2022 Mar 31;12(3):e053629. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2021-053629..
Keywords: Medicare, Quality of Care, Hospitals
Dierkes AM, Aiken LH, Sloane DM
Hospital nurse staffing and sepsis protocol compliance and outcomes among patients with sepsis in the USA: a multistate cross-sectional analysis.
The timely and effective administration of sepsis treatment may improve sepsis outcomes, and those improvements may provide evidence of the need for mandated reporting of adherence to sepsis care protocol. The purpose of the study was to better understand the association between patient-to-nurse staffing ratios, sepsis protocol compliance, and patient outcomes. The researchers conducted a cross-sectional study utilizing linked data from 537 hospitals from across California, Florida, Illinois, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, and New York (representing 252,699 Medicare inpatients with sepsis present on admission), nurse and hospital surveys, and Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services Hospital Compare and the corresponding MedPAR patient claims. The study found that every additional patient per nurse was associated with greater odds of mortality, readmission, ICU admission, and greater risk of relative duration of stay. Every 10% increase in compliance of sepsis protocol was only associated with a shorter duration of stay. The study concluded that improvements in nurse staffing and the nurse-to-patient ratios had a greater impact on sepsis infection outcomes than compliance with protocols.
Citation: Dierkes AM, Aiken LH, Sloane DM . Hospital nurse staffing and sepsis protocol compliance and outcomes among patients with sepsis in the USA: a multistate cross-sectional analysis. BMJ Open 2022 Mar 22;12(3):e056802. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2021-056802..
Keywords: Sepsis, Hospitals, Provider: Nurse, Workforce
Bergman ZR, Usher M, Olson A
Comparison of outcomes and process of care for patients treated at hospitals dedicated for COVID-19 care vs other hospitals.
The purpose of this study was to analyze the mortality rate and complications associated with treatment at the COVID-19-dedicated hospitals. Findings showed that, in this cohort study, COVID-19-dedicated hospitals in Minnesota had multiple benefits, including providing high-volume repetitive treatment and isolating patients with the infection. This experience suggests improved in-hospital mortality for patients treated at dedicated hospitals.
AHRQ-funded; HS026732; HS026379.
Citation: Bergman ZR, Usher M, Olson A . Comparison of outcomes and process of care for patients treated at hospitals dedicated for COVID-19 care vs other hospitals. JAMA Netw Open 2022 Mar;5(3):e220873. doi: 10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2022.0873..
Keywords: COVID-19, Patient-Centered Outcomes Research, Evidence-Based Practice, Outcomes, Healthcare Delivery, Hospitals
Hua CL, Thomas KS, Bunker JN
Dementia diagnosis in the hospital and outcomes among patients with advanced dementia documented in the Minimum Data Set.
This retrospective cohort study examined the association between a dementia diagnosis listed on a hospital claim and patient outcomes among individuals with a Minimum Data Set (MDS) assessment. The cohort was comprised of hospitalized patients aged 66 years and older with advanced dementia noted on an MDS assessment completed within 120 days prior to their first hospitalization in 2017. Among 120,989 patients with advanced dementia and a nursing home stay, 90.6% had a dementia diagnosis on their hospital claims. Documentation of a dementia diagnosis was associated with lower use of intensive care unit or coronary care unit, use of invasive mechanical ventilation, and 30-day mortality. These patients also had a shorter hospital length of stay.
Citation: Hua CL, Thomas KS, Bunker JN . Dementia diagnosis in the hospital and outcomes among patients with advanced dementia documented in the Minimum Data Set. J Am Geriatr Soc 2022 Mar;70(3):846-53. doi: 10.1111/jgs.17564..
Keywords: Dementia, Diagnostic Safety and Quality, Medicare, Hospitals, Neurological Disorders
Fitzgerald DC, Simpson AN, Baker RA DC, Simpson AN, Baker RA
Determinants of hospital variability in perioperative red blood cell transfusions during coronary artery bypass graft surgery.
This observational cohort study’s objective was to identify to what extent distinguishing patient and procedural characteristics can explain center-level transfusion variation during coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery. The study used patients from the Perfusion Measures and Outcomes Registry from 43 adult cardiac surgical programs from July 2011 through June 2017. Of the 22,272 adult patients undergoing isolate CABG surgery using cardiopulmonary bypass, 7241 (32.5%) received at least 1 U allogeneic red blood cells. Patients who received transfusions were older (68 vs 64 years), were women (41.5% vs 15.9%), and had a lower body surface area, respectively. The majority of center-level transfusion variations could not be explained through models containing both patient and intraoperative factors.
Citation: Fitzgerald DC, Simpson AN, Baker RA DC, Simpson AN, Baker RA . Determinants of hospital variability in perioperative red blood cell transfusions during coronary artery bypass graft surgery. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2022 Mar;163(3):1015-24.e1. doi: 10.1016/j.jtcvs.2020.04.141..
Keywords: Surgery, Heart Disease and Health, Cardiovascular Conditions, Hospitals, Practice Patterns, Disparities
Dykes PC, Khasnabish S, Burns Z
Development and validation of a fall prevention efficiency scale.
This study examined nurses’ perception of implementing the Fall TIPS (Tailoring Interventions for Patient Safety) tool, which is an evidence-based fall prevention program which was shown to reduce falls in hospitalized adults by 25%. The authors conducted a 3-phase mixed method study at 3 hospitals in Massachusetts and 3 in New York to assess nurses’ perceptions of burdens imposed on them by using Fall TIPS or other fall prevention programs. A 20-item prototype Fall Prevention Efficiency Scale was developed and administered to 383 clinical nurses. This scale was reduced to 13 items. The scale achieved excellent internal consistency values when examined with the test, validation, and paired (both test and retest) samples.
Citation: Dykes PC, Khasnabish S, Burns Z . Development and validation of a fall prevention efficiency scale. J Patient Saf 2022 Mar 1;18(2):94-101. doi: 10.1097/pts.0000000000000811..
Keywords: Falls, Prevention, Patient Safety, Hospitals
Zhang J, Drawz PE, Zhu Y
Validation of administrative coding and clinical notes for hospital-acquired acute kidney injury in adults.
This retrospective study validated the quality of administrative coding for hospital-acquired acute kidney injury (AKI) and explored the opportunities to improve the phenotyping performance by utilizing additional data sources from the electronic health record. The researchers obtained significantly different quality measures of administrative coding from the previously reported ones in the U.S. They recommended the additional use of clinical notes by incorporating automatic natural language processing data extraction in order to increase the AUC in phenotyping AKI. Further, AKI was better recognized in patients with heart failure, indicating disparities in the coding and management of AKI.
Citation: Zhang J, Drawz PE, Zhu Y . Validation of administrative coding and clinical notes for hospital-acquired acute kidney injury in adults. AMIA Annu Symp Proc 2022 Feb 21;2021:1234-43..
Keywords: Adverse Events, Kidney Disease and Health, Health Information Technology (HIT), Hospitals
Jaladanki S, Schechter SB, Genies MC
Strategies for sustaining high-quality pediatric asthma care in community hospitals.
This study’s objective was to identify strategies associated with sustained guideline adherence and high-quality pediatric asthma care in community hospitals. Hospitals who were part of the Pathways for Improving Pediatric Asthma Care (PIPA) national quality improvement (QI) intervention were included. Clinicians (n = 19) involved in clinical care of children hospitalized with asthma were interviewed from five higher- and three lower-performing hospitals. Higher-performing hospitals had dedicated local champions who consistently provided reminders of evidence-based practices and delivered ongoing education. These champions also modified/developed electronic health record (EHR) tools. Lower-performing hospital clinicians described unique barriers, including delays in modifying the EHR and lack of automation of EHR tools. For all hospitals, barriers to sustainability included challenges with quality monitoring, decreasing focus of local champions over time, and ongoing difficulties developing around evidence-based practices.
Citation: Jaladanki S, Schechter SB, Genies MC . Strategies for sustaining high-quality pediatric asthma care in community hospitals. Health Serv Res 2022 Feb;57(1):125-36. doi: 10.1111/1475-6773.13870..
Keywords: Children/Adolescents, Asthma, Respiratory Conditions, Chronic Conditions, Hospitals, Quality of Care
Carroll AR, McCoy AB, Modes K
Decreasing pre-procedural fasting times in hospitalized children.
The purpose of this study was to decrease pre-procedural clear liquid fasting time from 10 hours, 13 minutes to 5 hours for pediatric hospital medicine (PHM) patients. The study included all children admitted to the PHM service at a quaternary care children's hospital with an NPO (nil per os) order associated with a procedure requiring general anesthesia or sedation from November 2, 2017 to September 19, 2021. The study found that after implementation of a SmartPhrase in the NPO order, there was special cause variation resulting in a centerline shift from a mean of 10 h 13 min to 6 h 37 min. After implementation of a hospital-wide change to the NPO order format, another centerline shift to 6 h 7 min occurred and has been sustained for 6 months. The study concluded that in hospitalized children, higher reliability interventions and quality improvement methods safely reduced the mean pre-procedural fasting time.
Citation: Carroll AR, McCoy AB, Modes K . Decreasing pre-procedural fasting times in hospitalized children. J Hosp Med 2022 Feb;17(2):96-103. doi: 10.1002/jhm.12782..
Keywords: Children/Adolescents, Inpatient Care, Hospitals
Eliason EL, MacDougall H, Peterson L
Understanding the aggressive practices of nonprofit hospitals in pursuit of patient debt.
This study examined the prevalence of extraordinary collection actions (ECAs) and characteristics of nonprofit hospitals that reported this behavior from 2010 to 2016. The authors used Community Benefit Insight data to compare these hospitals with ones that did not report these practices. ECAs include reporting patient debt to credit and collection agencies, filing lawsuits, placing liens on residences, and issuing civil arrest. Hospitals that reported ECAs significantly differed in total revenue, system membership, bed size, urban location, financial assistance policy use, and use of poverty guidelines for discounted care. Lower total hospital revenue was a significant predictor of ECAs.
Citation: Eliason EL, MacDougall H, Peterson L . Understanding the aggressive practices of nonprofit hospitals in pursuit of patient debt. Health Soc Work 2022 Jan 31;47(1):36-44. doi: 10.1093/hsw/hlab034..
Keywords: Hospitals, Healthcare Costs, Policy