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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 25 of 474 Research Studies Displayed
Tandan M, Zimmerman S, Sloane PD
Which nursing home residents with pneumonia are managed on-site and which are hospitalized? Results from 2 years' surveillance in 14 US homes.
Pneumonia is a frequent cause of hospitalization among nursing home (NH) residents, but little information is available as to how clinical presentation and other characteristics relate to hospitalization, and the differential use of antimicrobials based on hospitalization status. This study examined how hospitalized and nonhospitalized NH residents with pneumonia differ. The investigators concluded that respiratory rate was associated with hospitalization but was not documented for more than a quarter of residents.
Citation: Tandan M, Zimmerman S, Sloane PD . Which nursing home residents with pneumonia are managed on-site and which are hospitalized? Results from 2 years' surveillance in 14 US homes. J Am Med Dir Assoc 2020 Dec;21(12):1862-68.e3. doi: 10.1016/j.jamda.2020.07.028..
Keywords: Elderly, Nursing Homes, Pneumonia, Respiratory Conditions, Hospitalization
Smulowitz PB, O'Malley AJ, McWilliams JM
Variation in rates of hospital admission from the emergency department among Medicare patients at the regional, hospital, and physician levels.
Rates of admission from the emergency department (ED) vary widely across regions of the country, hospitals within regions, and physicians within hospitals. The study objective was to determine the extent to which variation in admission decisions was described by differences in admission rates at these 3 levels. The investigators concluded that within-area variation, both across hospitals within a region and across physicians within a hospital, was a more substantial component of observed variation in admission rates from the ED than regional level variation.
Citation: Smulowitz PB, O'Malley AJ, McWilliams JM . Variation in rates of hospital admission from the emergency department among Medicare patients at the regional, hospital, and physician levels. Ann Emerg Med 2021 Oct;78(4):474-83. doi: 10.1016/j.annemergmed.2021.03.020..
Keywords: Medicare, Hospitalization, Emergency Department, Practice Patterns
Smulowitz PB, O'Malley AJ, Khidir H
National trends In ED visits, hospital admissions, and mortality for Medicare patients during the COVID-19 pandemic.
Concerns about avoidance or delays in seeking emergency care during the COVID-19 pandemic are widespread, but national data on emergency department (ED) visits and subsequent rates of hospitalization and outcomes are lacking. In this study, the investigators examined trends in ED visits and rates of hospitalization and thirty-day mortality conditional on an ED visit for non-COVID-19 conditions during several stages of the pandemic and for areas that were considered COVID-19 hot spots versus those that were not.
Citation: Smulowitz PB, O'Malley AJ, Khidir H . National trends In ED visits, hospital admissions, and mortality for Medicare patients during the COVID-19 pandemic. Health Aff 2021 Sep;40(9):1457-64. doi: 10.1377/hlthaff.2021.00561..
Keywords: COVID-19, Public Health, Emergency Department, Hospitalization
Song J, Woo K, Shang J
Predictive risk models for wound infection-related hospitalization or ED visits in home health care using machine-learning algorithms.
Wound infection is prevalent in home healthcare (HHC) and often leads to hospitalizations. However, none of the previous studies of wounds in HHC have used data from clinical notes. Therefore, in this paper, the authors created a more accurate description of a patient's condition by extracting risk factors from clinical notes to build predictive models to identify a patient's risk of wound infection in HHC.
Citation: Song J, Woo K, Shang J . Predictive risk models for wound infection-related hospitalization or ED visits in home health care using machine-learning algorithms. Adv Skin Wound Care 2021 Aug;34(8):1-12. doi: 10.1097/01.Asw.0000755928.30524.22..
Keywords: Home Healthcare, Injuries and Wounds, Risk, Hospitalization
Klein IA, Rosenberg SM, Reynolds KL
Impact of cancer history on outcomes among hospitalized patients with COVID-19.
Researchers investigated whether a current cancer diagnosis or cancer history is an independent risk factor for death in hospitalized patients with COVID-19. They found that patients with a history of cancer hospitalized for COVID-19 had similar mortality to matched hospitalized patients with COVID-19 without cancer, and a lower risk of complications, while patients with active cancer or recent cancer treatment had a similar risk for adverse outcomes compared with survivors of cancer. They concluded that active cancer, systemic cancer therapy, and a cancer history are not independent risk factors for death from COVID-19 among hospitalized patients, and hospitalized patients without cancer are more likely to have severe COVID-19.
Citation: Klein IA, Rosenberg SM, Reynolds KL . Impact of cancer history on outcomes among hospitalized patients with COVID-19. Oncologist 2021 Aug;26(8):685-93. doi: 10.1002/onco.13794..
Keywords: COVID-19, Cancer, Risk, Mortality, Hospitalization, Outcomes
Dixon BE, Grannis SJ, Lembcke LR
The synchronicity of COVID-19 disparities: statewide epidemiologic trends in SARS-CoV-2 morbidity, hospitalization, and mortality among racial minorities and in rural America.
Researchers sought to examine trends in COVID-19 morbidity, hospitalization, and mortality over time for minority and rural populations, especially during the U.S. fall surge. Data were taken from a statewide cohort of adult residents in Indiana tested for SARS-CoV-2 infection. The researchers found that, by the fall of 2020, hospitalization and mortality rates in rural areas surpassed those of urban areas, and gaps between black/brown and white populations narrowed. Cumulative morbidity and mortality were highest among minority groups and in rural communities. They concluded that the synchronicity of disparities in COVID-19 by race and geography suggested that health officials explicitly measure disparities and adjust mitigation as well as vaccination strategies to protect those sub-populations with greater disease burden.
Citation: Dixon BE, Grannis SJ, Lembcke LR . The synchronicity of COVID-19 disparities: statewide epidemiologic trends in SARS-CoV-2 morbidity, hospitalization, and mortality among racial minorities and in rural America. PLoS One 2021 Jul 23;16(7):e0255063. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0255063..
Keywords: COVID-19, Disparities, Racial / Ethnic Minorities, Hospitalization, Mortality, Rural Health
Lord K, Rothenberg C, Parwani V
Association between emergency department chief complaint and adverse hospitalization outcomes: a simple early warning system?
Researchers sought to examine the association between the emergency department chief complaint and specific adverse outcomes after admission to a general medicine floor. They found that chief complaint may be an early identifier of those patients uniquely at risk for adverse hospitalization outcomes. Patients presenting with seizure, leg swelling, and shortness of breath who were subsequently admitted to a general medical floor were more likely to suffer care escalations, Rapid Response Team activation, or mortality. Conversely, patients with chief complaints of loss of consciousness, headache, and chest pain were at low risk of adverse outcomes.
Citation: Lord K, Rothenberg C, Parwani V . Association between emergency department chief complaint and adverse hospitalization outcomes: a simple early warning system? Am J Emerg Med 2021 Jul;45:548-50. doi: 10.1016/j.ajem.2020.07.040..
Keywords: Emergency Department, Hospitalization, Adverse Events
Chou LN, Kuo YF, Raji MA
Potentially inappropriate medication prescribing by nurse practitioners and physicians.
This study compared prescribing rates for potentially inappropriate medications (PIMs) by physicians and nurse practitioners (NPs). The authors used 100% Texas Medicare data to define physician and NP visits in 2016. Rates of visits with a PIM prescription from the same provider was measured by initial and refill visits. There were 24.1 per 1000 visits for PIM prescriptions, 9.0 per 1000 visits for an initial PM and 15.1 per 1000 visits for a refill PIM. Visits to an NP was less likely to result in an initial and refill PIM visit than a visit to a physician. There was a strong association of lower odds of a black enrollee receiving a PIM by an NP than white enrollees. There was also less likelihood of receiving a PIM refill from an NP in older patients and in those with more comorbidities.
AHRQ-funded; HS020642; HS020642.
Citation: Chou LN, Kuo YF, Raji MA . Potentially inappropriate medication prescribing by nurse practitioners and physicians. J Am Geriatr Soc 2021 Jul;69(7):1916-24. doi: 10.1111/jgs.17120..
Keywords: Medication: Safety, Medication, Provider: Physician, Provider: Nurse, Hospitalization, Practice Patterns, Ambulatory Care and Surgery
Masonbrink AR, Harris M, Hall M
Safety events in children's hospitals during the COVID-19 pandemic.
The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has impacted hospitals, potentially affecting quality and safety. The objective of this study was to compare pediatric hospitalization safety events during the pandemic versus previous years. The investigators concluded that postoperative sepsis rates increased among children hospitalized during COVID-19. They suggest that efforts are needed to improve safety of postoperative care for hospitalized children.
AHRQ-funded; HS024554; HS024592.
Citation: Masonbrink AR, Harris M, Hall M . Safety events in children's hospitals during the COVID-19 pandemic. Hosp Pediatr 2021 Jun;11(6):e95-e100. doi: 10.1542/hpeds.2020-004937..
Keywords: Children/Adolescents, COVID-19, Patient Safety, Sepsis, Adverse Events, Hospitalization, Hospitals, Inpatient Care, Infectious Diseases, Public Health
Chow JY, Nijhawan AE, Mathews WC
Hospitalization rates among persons with HIV who gained Medicaid or private insurance after the Affordable Care Act in 2014.
The purpose of this study was to investigate whether gaining inpatient healthcare coverage had an effect on hospitalization rates among persons with HIV following implementation of the Affordable Care Act in 2014. Hospitalization data from 2015 were obtained on adults receiving longitudinal care at HIV clinics; all patients were previously uninsured and supported by the Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program (RWHAP) in 2013. Findings showed that acquiring inpatient coverage was not associated with a change in hospitalization rates.
Citation: Chow JY, Nijhawan AE, Mathews WC . Hospitalization rates among persons with HIV who gained Medicaid or private insurance after the Affordable Care Act in 2014. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 2021 Jun 1;87(2):776-80. doi: 10.1097/qai.0000000000002645..
Keywords: Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), Hospitalization, Medicaid, Health Insurance, Access to Care, Policy
Vaughn VM, Gandhi T, Petty LA
Empiric antibacterial therapy and community-onset bacterial coinfection in patients hospitalized with COVID-19: a multi-hospital cohort study.
A randomly sampled cohort of 1705 patients hospitalized with COVID-19 was used. Data was collected on early empiric antibacterial therapy within 2 days of hospitalization, empiric antibacterial therapy and community-onset bacterial co-infections. Of the 1705 patients, 56.6% were prescribed early empiric antibacterial therapy, with 3.5% having a confirmed community-onset bacterial infection. Use varied across hospitals, ranging from 27% to 84%. Patients were more likely to receive the therapy if they were older, had more severe illness, had a lobar infiltrate, or were admitted to a for-profit hospital. Over the one-month period empiric antibacterial use decreased.
AHRQ-funded; HS026530; HS026725.
Citation: Vaughn VM, Gandhi T, Petty LA . Empiric antibacterial therapy and community-onset bacterial coinfection in patients hospitalized with COVID-19: a multi-hospital cohort study. Clin Infect Dis 2021 May 18;72(10):e533-e41. doi: 10.1093/cid/ciaa1239..
Keywords: COVID-19, Infectious Diseases, Community-Acquired Infections, Antimicrobial Stewardship, Antibiotics, Medication, Hospitalization
Zubiago J, Murphy M, Guardado R
Increased HIV testing in people who use drugs hospitalized in the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic.
During the COVID-19 pandemic, due to lapses in harm reduction services, several public health experts forecasted subsequent increases in diagnosis of HIV in PWUD. As many inpatient hospitals reworked patient flow during the COVID-19 surge, the investigators hypothesized that HIV testing in PWUD would decrease. To answer this question, they compiled a deidentified list of hospitalized patients with electronic medical record indicators of substance use-a positive urine toxicology screen, prescribed medications to treat opioid use disorder, a positive CIWA score, or a positive CAGE score-admitted between January, 2020 and August, 2020.
Citation: Zubiago J, Murphy M, Guardado R . Increased HIV testing in people who use drugs hospitalized in the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic. J Subst Abuse Treat 2021 May;124:108266. doi: 10.1016/j.jsat.2020.108266..
Keywords: Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), Opioids, Substance Abuse, Alcohol Use, Hospitalization, COVID-19, Public Health, Screening
Wang J, Ying M, Temkin-Greener H
Care-partner support and hospitalization in assisted living during transitional home health care.
This study examined the impact of care-partner support on outcomes among assisted living (AL) residents. Variation in care-partner and its impact on hospitalizations among AL residents receiving Medicare home health (HH) services was investigated. Analysis of national data from various databases was used and a total of 741,926 participants were identified with Medicare HH admissions in 2017. Care-partner support during the HH admission was measured in seven domains: activity of daily living (ADLs), instrumental activities of ADLs), medication administration, treatment, medical equipment, home safety, and transportation. Care-partner support was categorized as assistance not needed, care-partner currently providing assistance, care-partner needs additional training/support to provide assistance, and care-partner is unavailable/unlikely to provide assistance. Among the cohort, inadequate care-partner support was identified for all seven domains ranging from 13.1% for transportation to 49.8% for treatment and was unavailable for 0.9% for transportation to 11.0% for treatment. Having inadequate or unavailable care-partner support was related to increased risk of hospitalization by 8.9% for treatment to 41.3% for medication administration.
Citation: Wang J, Ying M, Temkin-Greener H . Care-partner support and hospitalization in assisted living during transitional home health care. J Am Geriatr Soc 2021 May;69(5):1231-39. doi: 10.1111/jgs.17005..
Keywords: Elderly, Transitions of Care, Caregiving, Hospitalization, Home Healthcare, Long-Term Care
Pollack LM, Lowder JL, Keller M
Racial/ethnic differences in the risk of surgical complications and posthysterectomy hospitalization among women undergoing hysterectomy for benign conditions.
The objective of this retrospective cohort study was to evaluate whether 30- and 90-day surgical complication and postoperative hospitalization rates after hysterectomy for benign conditions differed by race/ethnicity and whether the differences remained after controlling for patient, hospital, and surgical characteristics. The investigators concluded that Black and Asian/Pacific Islander women had higher risk of some 30- and 90-day surgical complications after hysterectomy than white women. Black and Hispanic women had higher risk of posthysterectomy hospitalization.
Citation: Pollack LM, Lowder JL, Keller M . Racial/ethnic differences in the risk of surgical complications and posthysterectomy hospitalization among women undergoing hysterectomy for benign conditions. J Minim Invasive Gynecol 2021 May;28(5):1022-32.e12. doi: 10.1016/j.jmig.2020.12.032..
Keywords: Surgery, Risk, Racial / Ethnic Minorities, Adverse Events, Hospitalization, Women
Narla S, Silverberg JI
The inpatient burden and comorbidities of pyoderma gangrenosum in adults in the United States.
The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence, predictors, outcomes, and costs of hospitalization for pyoderma gangrenosum (PG) in United States adults. Data from the 2002-2012 National Inpatient Sample were analyzed. Findings showed that PG admissions were more likely at teaching and medium or large hospitals. The majority of inpatients with PG were classified with minor or moderate likelihood of dying, but moderate and major loss of function. PG was associated with numerous other health disorders. This study demonstrated a substantial and increasing inpatient burden of PG in the United States, with considerable disability and mortality risk, multiple comorbid health disorders, and costs.
Citation: Narla S, Silverberg JI . The inpatient burden and comorbidities of pyoderma gangrenosum in adults in the United States. Arch Dermatol Res 2021 May;313(4):245-53. doi: 10.1007/s00403-020-02098-7..
Keywords: Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP), Skin Conditions, Injuries and Wounds, Hospitalization, Healthcare Costs
Zellmer BM, Nacht CL, Coller RJ
BedsideNotes: sharing physicians' notes with parents during hospitalization.
Physicians increasingly share ambulatory visit notes with patients to meet new federal requirements, and evidence suggests patient experiences improve without overburdening physicians. Whether sharing inpatient notes with parents of hospitalized children yields similar outcomes is unknown. In this pilot study, the investigators evaluated parent and physician perceptions of sharing notes with parents during hospitalization. The investigators concluded that parents all valued having access to physicians' notes during their child's hospital stay; however, some physicians remained concerned about the potential negative consequences of sharing.
Citation: Zellmer BM, Nacht CL, Coller RJ . BedsideNotes: sharing physicians' notes with parents during hospitalization. Hosp Pediatr 2021 May;11(5):503-08. doi: 10.1542/hpeds.2020-005447..
Keywords: Children/Adolescents, Clinician-Patient Communication, Communications, Caregiving, Hospitalization
Baillargeon J, Polychronopoulou E, Kuo YF
The impact of substance use disorder on COVID-19 outcomes.
The goal of this study was to examine the impact of substance use disorder on the risk of hospitalization, complications, and mortality among adult patients diagnosed as having COVID-19. Using data from the TriNetX Research Network database, primary analysis showed that substance use disorder was associated with an increased risk of hospitalization, ventilator use, and mortality. These findings suggest that COVID-19 patients with substance use disorders are at increased risk for adverse outcomes.
Citation: Baillargeon J, Polychronopoulou E, Kuo YF . The impact of substance use disorder on COVID-19 outcomes. Psychiatr Serv 2021 May;72(5):578-81. doi: 10.1176/appi.ps.202000534..
Keywords: COVID-19, Substance Abuse, Hospitalization, Mortality, Risk
Legler S, Diehl M, Hilliard B
Evaluation of an intrahospital telemedicine program for patients admitted with COVID-19: mixed methods study.
This pilot study’s objective was to evaluate an intrahospital telemedicine program along with its impact on exposure risk and communication for patients admitted with COVID-19. Virtual care was the main primary exposure variable and patient characteristics, PPE use rates, and their association with virtual care were assessed. Out of 137 total patients in their primary analysis, 43 patients used virtual care. There were 82 inpatient days of use, and 401 inpatient days without use. Surveys of 41 patients and clinicians showed high rates of recommendation for further use. A significant reduction in PPE use and physical exam rate was associated with virtual care. However, there are limitations in usability, medical assessment, and empathetic communication.
Citation: Legler S, Diehl M, Hilliard B . Evaluation of an intrahospital telemedicine program for patients admitted with COVID-19: mixed methods study. J Med Internet Res 2021 Apr 29;23(4):e25987. doi: 10.2196/25987..
Keywords: Telehealth, Health Information Technology (HIT), Hospitals, Hospitalization, Communications, COVID-19
Kaltenborn Z, Paul K, Kirsch JD
Super fragmented: a nationally representative cross-sectional study exploring the fragmentation of inpatient care among super-utilizers.
Researchers sought to determine the prevalence of super-utilizers who receive fragmented care across different hospitals and to describe associated risks, costs, and health outcomes. Using HCUP data, they found that inpatient care fragmentation was common among super-utilizers and disproportionately affected vulnerable populations. It was associated with high yearly costs and a decreased probability of correctly identifying super-utilizers.
Citation: Kaltenborn Z, Paul K, Kirsch JD . Super fragmented: a nationally representative cross-sectional study exploring the fragmentation of inpatient care among super-utilizers. BMC Health Serv Res 2021 Apr 14;21(1):338. doi: 10.1186/s12913-021-06323-5..
Keywords: Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP), Healthcare Costs, Hospitalization
Daymont C, Balamuth F, Scott HF
Elevated heart rate and risk of revisit with admission in pediatric emergency patients.
This study examines whether emergency department (ED) heart rate (HR) values can identify children at elevated risk of ED revisit with admission. The authors performed a retrospective cohort study of children ages 0-18 years discharged from a tertiary-care pediatric ED from 2013 to 2014. They created percentile curves for the last recorded HR for age using data from calendar year 2013 and used receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves to characterize the performance of the percentiles for predicting ED revisit with admission within 72 hours. They evaluated 183,433 eligible ED visits and found that the last recorded HR for age had poor discrimination for predicting revisit with admission.
Citation: Daymont C, Balamuth F, Scott HF . Elevated heart rate and risk of revisit with admission in pediatric emergency patients. Pediatr Emerg Care 2021 Apr;37(4):e185-e91. doi: 10.1097/pec.0000000000001552..
Keywords: Children/Adolescents, Emergency Department, Risk, Hospitalization
MacEwan SR, Gaughan A, Hefner JL
Identifying the role of inpatient portals to support health literacy: perspectives from patients and care team members.
Health literacy is a fundamental contributor to an individual's ability to self-manage their health and appropriately use health care services. Tools that positively impact health literacy therefore have potential to improve health outcomes. Inpatient portals are a tool that provides patients an opportunity to cultivate health literacy skills during hospitalization. This study investigated how inpatient portal use could impact attributes of health literacy.
AHRQ-funded; HS024091; HS024767; HS024379.
Citation: MacEwan SR, Gaughan A, Hefner JL . Identifying the role of inpatient portals to support health literacy: perspectives from patients and care team members. Patient Educ Couns 2021 Apr;104(4):836-43. doi: 10.1016/j.pec.2020.09.028..
Keywords: Health Literacy, Health Information Technology (HIT), Hospitalization, Inpatient Care
Afshar M, Sharma B, Bhalla S
External validation of an opioid misuse machine learning classifier in hospitalized adult patients.
This study looks at new methods to make opioid misuse screening in hospitals less resource-intensive, which causes it to occur rarely. The objective of this study is to externally validate the author’s previously published and open-source machine learning classifier by implementing it a different hospital to identify cases of opioid misuse. An observational cohort of 56,227 adult hospitalizations from October 2017 to December 2019 was used during a hospital-wide substance use screening program with manual screening. A manually completed Drug Abuse Screening Test served as the reference standard to validate a convolutional neural network (CNN) classified with coded word embedding features to capture electronic health record (EHR) clinical notes. Manual screening was completed in 67.8% of patients with 1.1% identified with opioid misuse. The opioid misuse classifier had good discrimination during external validation and may help overcome manual screening barriers.
Citation: Afshar M, Sharma B, Bhalla S . External validation of an opioid misuse machine learning classifier in hospitalized adult patients. Addict Sci Clin Pract 2021 Mar 17;16(1):19. doi: 10.1186/s13722-021-00229-7..
Keywords: Opioids, Medication, Substance Abuse, Screening, Hospitalization
Ye S, Hiura G, Fleck E
Hospital readmissions after implementation of a discharge care program for patients with COVID-19 illness.
The surge of coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) hospitalizations in New York City required rapid discharges to maintain hospital capacity. The objective of this study was to determine whether lenient provisional discharge guidelines with remote monitoring after discharge resulted in safe discharges home for patients hospitalized with COVID-19 illness. The investigators found that lenient discharge criteria in conjunction with remote monitoring after discharge were associated with a rate of early readmissions after COVID-related hospitalizations that was comparable to the rate of readmissions after other reasons for hospitalization before the COVID pandemic.
AHRQ-funded; HS024262; HS025198.
Citation: Ye S, Hiura G, Fleck E . Hospital readmissions after implementation of a discharge care program for patients with COVID-19 illness. J Gen Intern Med 2021 Mar;36(3):722-29. doi: 10.1007/s11606-020-06340-w..
Keywords: COVID-19, Hospital Discharge, Hospital Readmissions, Hospitals, Public Health, Hospitalization, Risk
Rapoport AB, Fine DR, Manne-Goehler JM
High inpatient health care utilization and charges associated with injection drug use-related infections: a cohort study, 2012-2015.
This study described the characteristics of patients hospitalized with injection drug use-related infection over a multiyear period in a region highly impacted by the opioid epidemic. Findings revealed a longer average length of stay with subsequent higher cost, a higher percentage of 30-day readmissions, disproportionate public payer mix representation, and higher rates of discharge to alternate facilities for ongoing care as compared with the total inpatient cohort.
Citation: Rapoport AB, Fine DR, Manne-Goehler JM . High inpatient health care utilization and charges associated with injection drug use-related infections: a cohort study, 2012-2015. Open Forum Infect Dis 2021 Mar;8(3):ofab009. doi: 10.1093/ofid/ofab009..
Keywords: Opioids, Substance Abuse, Hospitalization, Healthcare Costs, Healthcare Utilization
Bush M, Kucharska-Newton A, Simpson RJ
Effect of initiating cardiac rehabilitation after myocardial infarction on subsequent hospitalization in older adults.
Outpatient cardiac rehabilitation (CR) participation after myocardial infarction (MI) reduces all-cause mortality; however, less is known about effects of CR on post-MI hospitalization. The objective of this study was to investigate effects of CR on hospitalization following acute MI among older adults. The investigators concluded that this study provided evidence that CR could reduce the 1-yr risk of cardiovascular and all-cause hospital admissions in Medicare aged MI survivors.
Citation: Bush M, Kucharska-Newton A, Simpson RJ . Effect of initiating cardiac rehabilitation after myocardial infarction on subsequent hospitalization in older adults. J Cardiopulm Rehabil Prev 2020 Mar;40(2):87-93. doi: 10.1097/hcr.0000000000000452..
Keywords: Elderly, Rehabilitation, Heart Disease and Health, Cardiovascular Conditions, Hospitalization