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AHRQ Research Studies
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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 4 of 4 Research Studies Displayed
Bardach NS, Neel C, Kleinman LC
Depression, anxiety, and emergency department use for asthma.
This study examined whether pediatric patients with asthma who use the emergency department (ED) experience increased depression and anxiety in the same way that adult asthma patients do. Out of 65,342 patients identified from the Massachusetts All-Payer Claims Database for 2014 to 2015 who had ED visits, 24.7% had a diagnosis of anxiety, depression, or both. Asthma rates were shown to be higher than those of patients who had no diagnosis of anxiety or depression.
AHRQ-funded; HS025297; HS020518.
Citation: Bardach NS, Neel C, Kleinman LC . Depression, anxiety, and emergency department use for asthma. Pediatrics 2019 Oct;144(4). doi: 10.1542/peds.2019-0856..
Keywords: Asthma, Depression, Anxiety, Children/Adolescents, Emergency Department, Behavioral Health
Beiser DG, Ward CE, Vu M
Depression in emergency department patients and association with health care utilization.
Depression is one of the most common illnesses in the United States, with increased prevalence among people with lower socioeconomic status and chronic mental illness who often seek care in the emergency department (ED). The investigators sought to estimate the rate and severity of major depressive disorder (MDD) in a nonpsychiatric ED population and its association with subsequent ED visits and hospitalizations.
AHRQ-funded; HS000084; HS025889.
Citation: Beiser DG, Ward CE, Vu M . Depression in emergency department patients and association with health care utilization. Acad Emerg Med 2019 Aug;26(8):878-88. doi: 10.1111/acem.13726..
Keywords: Depression, Emergency Department, Healthcare Utilization, Hospitalization, Behavioral Health
Mitchell SE, Martin JM, Krizman K
Design and rationale for a randomized controlled trial to reduce readmissions among patients with depressive symptoms.
This study aims to examine the effectiveness of RED-D, a modified brief Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) protocol delivered as a post-discharge extension of the Re-Engineered Discharge (RED), in reducing 30-day readmissions rates and emergency department use as well as depressive symptoms for medical patients with comorbid depressive symptoms.
Citation: Mitchell SE, Martin JM, Krizman K . Design and rationale for a randomized controlled trial to reduce readmissions among patients with depressive symptoms. Contemp Clin Trials 2015 Nov;45(Pt B):151-6. doi: 10.1016/j.cct.2015.08.016.
Keywords: Depression, Emergency Department, Hospital Discharge, Hospital Readmissions, Behavioral Health
Albrecht JS, Gruber-Baldini AL, Hirshon JM
Depressive symptoms and hospital readmission in older adults.
The purpose of this study was to quantify the risk of 30-day unplanned hospital readmission in adults aged 65 and older with depressive symptoms. The investigators concluded that, although not associated with hospital readmission, depressive symptoms were associated with other poor outcomes and may be underdiagnosed in hospitalized older adults. They asserted that hospitals interested in reducing readmission should focus on older adults with more comorbid illness and recent hospitalizations.
Citation: Albrecht JS, Gruber-Baldini AL, Hirshon JM . Depressive symptoms and hospital readmission in older adults. J Am Geriatr Soc 2014 Mar;62(3):495-9. doi: 10.1111/jgs.12686..
Keywords: Depression, Elderly, Emergency Department, Hospital Readmissions, Risk