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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 5 of 5 Research Studies Displayed
Orth J, Li Y, Simning A
Severe behavioral health manifestations in nursing homes: associations with service availability?
The objective of this study was to examine associations between availability of behavioral health (BH) services and the presence of severe depression, suicidal ideation (SI), and severe aggressive behaviors (ABs) among nursing home (NH) residents. 2017 survey data on BH service availability was obtained from 1,051 NHs and the Minimum Data Set (MDS) to identify long-term stay residents in these facilities (n = 101,238). Odds of severe depression were 21% higher when NHs reported inadequate BH staff education as well as 13% higher for SI and 10% higher for severe ABs among residents in facilities reporting inadequate facility infrastructure. Facility-level factors such as staffing, training, and turnover were also statistically significant associations with these severe BH manifestations.
Citation: Orth J, Li Y, Simning A . Severe behavioral health manifestations in nursing homes: associations with service availability? J Am Geriatr Soc 2020 Nov;68(11):2643-49. doi: 10.1111/jgs.16772..
Keywords: Elderly, Nursing Homes, Long-Term Care, Depression, Behavioral Health, Access to Care
Fry CE, Sommers BD
Effect of Medicaid expansion on health insurance coverage and access to care among adults with depression.
This quasi-experimental study sought to determine the relationship between Medicaid expansion and various health and financial outcomes among low-income adults with depression. The investigators found that Medicaid expansion was associated with a significant reduction in the proportion of adults with depression who lacked health insurance. Medicaid expansion was also associated with significant reductions in delaying care and medications because of cost.
Citation: Fry CE, Sommers BD . Effect of Medicaid expansion on health insurance coverage and access to care among adults with depression. Psychiatr Serv 2018 Nov;69(11):1146-52. doi: 10.1176/appi.ps.201800181..
Keywords: Access to Care, Depression, Health Insurance, Medicaid, Behavioral Health
Yucel A, Essien EJ, Sanyal S
Racial/ethnic differences in the treatment of adolescent major depressive disorders (MDD) across healthcare providers participating in the Medicaid program.
The purpose of this study was to examine whether racial/ethnic differences in receipt of major depressive disorder (MDD) treatment could be explained by the specialty of provider diagnosing the adolescent. The investigators found that for adolescents with MDD, being first diagnosed by a psychiatrist was associated with higher treatment rate and reduced racial/ethnic variation in the utilization of pharmacotherapy.
Citation: Yucel A, Essien EJ, Sanyal S . Racial/ethnic differences in the treatment of adolescent major depressive disorders (MDD) across healthcare providers participating in the Medicaid program. J Affect Disord 2018 Aug 1;235:155-61. doi: 10.1016/j.jad.2018.04.045..
Keywords: Access to Care, Depression, Disparities, Medicaid, Behavioral Health, Racial / Ethnic Minorities
Gallo KP, Olin SS, Storfer-Isser A
Parent burden in accessing outpatient psychiatric services for adolescent depression in a large state system.
This study examined barriers facing parents who seek outpatient psychiatric care in a large state system for adolescents with depression. It found that virtually all clinics required at least one intake or therapy appointment before receipt of a psychiatry appointment. Parental burden did not differ by region, urbanicity, clinic type, seasonality (spring or summer), or insurance status.
Citation: Gallo KP, Olin SS, Storfer-Isser A . Parent burden in accessing outpatient psychiatric services for adolescent depression in a large state system. Psychiatr Serv 2017 Apr;68(4):411-14. doi: 10.1176/appi.ps.201600111.
Keywords: Access to Care, Children/Adolescents, Depression, Behavioral Health, Ambulatory Care and Surgery
Olin SC, O'Connor BC, Storfer-Isser A
Access to care for youth in a state mental health system: a simulated patient approach.
The researchers examined access to psychiatric care for adolescents with depression in outpatient specialty clinics within a state mental health system, using a simulated patient approach. They concluded that access to psychiatric care for youth with depression was variable in a state system. State-sponsored trainings on strategies to reduce wait times appear to improve care access.
Citation: Olin SC, O'Connor BC, Storfer-Isser A . Access to care for youth in a state mental health system: a simulated patient approach. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 2016 May;55(5):392-9. doi: 10.1016/j.jaac.2016.02.014.
Keywords: Access to Care, Children/Adolescents, Behavioral Health, Depression, Training