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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 25 of 181 Research Studies Displayed
Kuzma N, Khan A, Rickey L
Effect of Patient and Family Centered I-PASS on adverse event rates in hospitalized children with complex chronic conditions.
This study’s objective was to compare the effect of the intervention Patient and Family Centered (PFC)I-PASS on adverse events (AE) rates in children with and without complex chronic conditions (CCCs). A cohort of 3106 hospitalized children from seven North American pediatric hospitals between December 2014 and January 2017 were included. An effect modification analysis did not show difference in the intervention on children with and without CCCs. There was no statistically significant change in AEs for children with or without CCCs.
Citation: Kuzma N, Khan A, Rickey L . Effect of Patient and Family Centered I-PASS on adverse event rates in hospitalized children with complex chronic conditions. J Hosp Med 2023 Apr;18(4):316-20. doi: 10.1002/jhm.13065.
Keywords: Children/Adolescents, Patient-Centered Healthcare, Chronic Conditions, Adverse Events, Inpatient Care, Transitions of Care
Fernandes-Taylor S, Yang Q, Yang DY
Greater patient sharing between hospitals is associated with better outcomes for transferred emergency general surgery patients.
The availability of emergency surgical services has diminished as the rural workforce has decreased. The growing need for interhospital patient transfers makes care coordination across different settings essential for maintaining high-quality care. The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of recurrent patient-sharing between hospitals on the outcomes of emergency general surgery (EGS) patient transfers. A multicenter analysis was conducted involving inpatient acute care hospital stays in Wisconsin that required the transfer of EGS patients. Data was sourced from the Wisconsin Hospital Association (WHA), a comprehensive statewide hospital discharge database for the years 2016-2018. We postulated that a higher percentage of patients transferred between hospitals would lead to improved outcomes. The relationship between the proportion of EGS patient transfers and patient outcomes, such as in-hospital morbidity, mortality, and duration of stay, was examined. Additional factors considered were hospital organizational features and patient sociodemographic and clinical attributes. The researchers found that during the two-year study period, 118 hospitals transferred 3,197 EGS patients; 1,131 of these patients experienced in-hospital complications, death, or an extended stay (beyond the 75th percentile). The average patient age was 62 years, with 50% being female and 5% non-white. In the mixed-effects model, the proportion of shared patients between hospitals was linked to a reduced likelihood of in-hospital complications. Specifically, when the proportion of shared patients doubled between two hospitals, the relative odds of any adverse outcome shifted by 0.85.
Citation: Fernandes-Taylor S, Yang Q, Yang DY . Greater patient sharing between hospitals is associated with better outcomes for transferred emergency general surgery patients. J Trauma Acute Care Surg 2023 Apr;94(5):592-98. doi: 10.1097/ta.0000000000003789.
Keywords: Emergency Department, Hospitals, Surgery, Transitions of Care
Zhang A, Spiegel T, Bundy A
Evaluation of a transitions clinic to bridge emergency department and primary care.
This paper evaluated the outcomes of using a clinical transition clinic (CTC) to bridge emergency department (ED) and primary care. Main outcomes were 30-day ED revisits and hospital readmissions. From March 2021 to March 2022, 373 patients were referred to the CTC totaling 405 appointments, with half (53%) completed with a median follow-up time of 4 days. The most common care types provided were wound care (44%) and clinical problem management (33%). Patients who completed their CTC appointment were 50% less likely to return to the ED in 30 days compared with those who did not complete their appointment. The same effect was not seen for CTC appointment completion on hospital readmission.
Citation: Zhang A, Spiegel T, Bundy A . Evaluation of a transitions clinic to bridge emergency department and primary care. J Hosp Med 2023 Mar; 18(3):217-23. doi: 10.1002/jhm.13056..
Keywords: Transitions of Care, Emergency Department, Primary Care
Starmer AJ, Spector ND, O'Toole JK
Implementation of the I-PASS handoff program in diverse clinical environments: a multicenter prospective effectiveness implementation study.
The purpose of this study was to assess I-PASS patient handoff intervention implementation across diverse settings to evaluate whether there it impacted pediatric patient safety and communication. External teams provided coaching over 18 months to hospital residents from diverse specialties across 32 hospitals (12 community, 20 academic) with 2735 resident physicians and 760 faculty champions from multiple specialties (16 internal medicine, 13 pediatric, 3 other) participating. The researchers collected 1942 error surveillance reports. Following I-PASS implementation, major and minor handoff-related reported adverse events decreased 47%. Intervention implementation was related with increased inclusion of all five key handoff data elements in verbal and written handoffs, as well as increased frequency of handoffs with high quality verbal and written patient summaries, verbal and written contingency plans, and verbal receiver syntheses.
Citation: Starmer AJ, Spector ND, O'Toole JK . Implementation of the I-PASS handoff program in diverse clinical environments: a multicenter prospective effectiveness implementation study. J Hosp Med 2023 Jan; 18(1):5-14. doi: 10.1002/jhm.12979..
Keywords: Transitions of Care, Implementation, Communication
Xiao Y, Smith A, Abebe E
Understanding hazards for adverse drug events among older adults after hospital discharge: insights from frontline care professionals.
The purpose of this study was to utilize a systems approach to examine hazards to medication safety for older adults during care transitions. The researchers interviewed 38 hospital-based professionals (5 hospitalists, 24 nurses, 4 clinical pharmacists, 3 pharmacy technicians, and 2 social workers) from 4 hospitals about ADE risks after hospital discharge among older adults. For each concern the participants provided, the hazard for medication-related harms was coded and grouped by its sources utilizing a human factors and systems engineering model. The study found that the hazards fell into 6 groups: 1) medication tasks related at home, 2) patient and caregiver related, 3) hospital work system related, 4) home resource related, 5) hospital professional-patient collaborative work related, and 6) external environment related. The type of medications indicated most frequently when describing concerns included anticoagulants, insulins, and diuretics. The types of hazards coded the most were: complex dosing, patient and caregiver knowledge gaps in medication management, errors in discharge medications, unaffordable cost, inadequate understanding about changes in medications, and gaps in access to care or in sharing medication information.
Citation: Xiao Y, Smith A, Abebe E . Understanding hazards for adverse drug events among older adults after hospital discharge: insights from frontline care professionals. J Patient Saf 2022 Dec 1;18(8):e1174-e80. doi: 10.1097/pts.0000000000001046..
Keywords: Elderly, Adverse Drug Events (ADE), Medication, Medication: Safety, Hospital Discharge, Hospitals, Transitions of Care
Williams PH, Gilmartin HM, Leonard C
The influence of the Rural Transitions Nurse Program for veterans on healthcare utilization costs.
This study’s objective was to examine changes from pre- to post-hospitalization in total, inpatient, and outpatient 30-day healthcare utilization costs for Veterans Affairs Healthcare System Rural Transitions Nurse Program (TNP) enrollees compared to controls. Although findings showed no difference in change in total costs between veterans enrolled in TNP and controls, TNP was associated with a smaller increase in direct inpatient medical costs and a larger increase in direct outpatient medical costs, suggesting a shifting of costs from the inpatient to outpatient setting.
Citation: Williams PH, Gilmartin HM, Leonard C . The influence of the Rural Transitions Nurse Program for veterans on healthcare utilization costs. J Gen Intern Med 2022 Nov;37(14):3529-34. doi: 10.1007/s11606-022-07401-y..
Keywords: Rural Health, Veterans, Nursing, Transitions of Care, Healthcare Utilization, Healthcare Costs
Harrison JD, Sudore RL, Auerbach AD
Automated telephone follow-up programs after hospital discharge: do older adults engage with these programs?
The purpose of this study was to examine whether and how older adults experience automated post-hospital discharge telephone follow-up programs and characterize the prevalence of patient-reported post-discharge issues. Eighteen thousand and seventy-six patients, all part of a post-hospital discharge program between May 1, 2018 and April 30, 2019, were included and categorized into age groups. The study found that more patients 65-84 years old were reached compared to patients 64 years old or less (84.3% compared to 78.9%). Patients aged 85 or older were more likely to have questions about their follow-up plans and require assistance scheduling appointments compared to those 64 years old or less (19.0% vs. 11.9%). The researchers concluded that post-hospital automated telephone calls are effective at reaching older adults.
Citation: Harrison JD, Sudore RL, Auerbach AD . Automated telephone follow-up programs after hospital discharge: do older adults engage with these programs? J Am Geriatr Soc 2022 Oct;70(10):2980-87. doi: 10.1111/jgs.17939..
Keywords: Elderly, Patient and Family Engagement, Hospital Discharge, Transitions of Care, Telehealth, Health Information Technology (HIT)
Alagoz E, Saucke M, Arroyo N
Communication during interhospital transfers of emergency general surgery patients: a qualitative study of challenges and opportunities.
This study’s objective was to understand the nature of and challenges to communication between referring (RP) and accepting (AP) providers transferring emergency general surgery (EGS) patients from the transfer center nurse’s (TCN) perspective. Worse outcomes have been shown to be experienced by transferred EGS patients than directly admitted patients. The authors interviewed 17 transfer center nurses (TCNs) at an academic medical center regarding (in)efficient and (in)effective communication between RPs and APs. The in-person interviews were recorded, transcribed and managed in NVivo. Four researchers developed a codebook, which was then co-coded with the transcripts. A consensus was developed to discuss emergency themes and arrive at higher-level concepts. Issues relating to ineffective communication included RPs that provided incomplete information because of a lack of necessary infrastructure, personnel, or technical knowledge; competing clinical demands; or a fear of the transfer request being rejected. Inefficient communication resulted from RPs being unfamiliar with the information APs expected and the lack of a structured process to share information and communication also failed when providers disagreed about the necessity of the transfer.
Citation: Alagoz E, Saucke M, Arroyo N . Communication during interhospital transfers of emergency general surgery patients: a qualitative study of challenges and opportunities. J Patient Saf 2022 Oct 1;18(7):711-16. doi: 10.1097/pts.0000000000000979..
Keywords: Care Coordination, Communication, Transitions of Care, Surgery
Bourgoin A, Balaban R, Hochman M
AHRQ Author: Perfetto D, Hogan EM
Improving quality and safety for patients after hospital discharge: primary care as the lead integrator in postdischarge care transitions.
The purpose of this study was to explain primary care-based transition workflow processes for hospitalized patients. The researchers conducted interviews with primary care thought leaders, staff at 9 primary care sites, community agency staff, and recently discharged patients. The researchers found that primary care postdischarge workflows vary across the different settings, rarely include communications with the patient or the inpatient team during the hospitalization and vary widely across settings. The researchers recommended the use of principles for primary care practices to encourage active participation in the full spectrum of postdischarge care, from admission through the first postdischarge visit to primary care.
AHRQ-authored; AHRQ-funded; 233201500019I/HHSP23337002T.
Citation: Bourgoin A, Balaban R, Hochman M . Improving quality and safety for patients after hospital discharge: primary care as the lead integrator in postdischarge care transitions. J Ambul Care Manage 2022 Oct-Dec;45(4):310-20. doi: 10.1097/jac.0000000000000433..
Keywords: Quality of Care, Patient Safety, Hospital Discharge, Transitions of Care, Hospitals, Workflow
Vaughn VM, Ratz D, Greene MT
Antibiotic stewardship strategies and their association with antibiotic overuse after hospital discharge: an analysis of the Reducing Overuse of Antibiotics at Discharge (ROAD) home framework.
Researchers sought to understand strategies to optimize antibiotic prescribing at discharge. Surveying Michigan hospitals on their antibiotic stewardship strategies for community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) and urinary tract infection (UTI), they found that the more stewardship strategies a hospital reported, the lower its antibiotic overuse at discharge.
Citation: Vaughn VM, Ratz D, Greene MT . Antibiotic stewardship strategies and their association with antibiotic overuse after hospital discharge: an analysis of the Reducing Overuse of Antibiotics at Discharge (ROAD) home framework. Clin Infect Dis 2022 Sep 29;75(6):1063-72. doi: 10.1093/cid/ciac104..
Keywords: Antimicrobial Stewardship, Antibiotics, Medication, Hospital Discharge, Transitions of Care
Saxena FE, Bierman AS, Glazier RH
AHRQ Author: Bierman AS
Association of Early Physician Follow-up With Readmission Among Patients Hospitalized for Acute Myocardial Infarction, Congestive Heart Failure, or Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease.
Investigators assessed whether hospitalized patients with early physician follow-up after discharge had lower rates of overall and condition-specific readmissions within 30 days and 90 days of discharge. Studying adults in Ontario, Canada, with first admission for acute myocardial infarction, congestive heart failure, or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, the findings suggested that early follow-up in conjunction with a comprehensive transitional care strategy for hospitalized patients with medically complex conditions coupled with ongoing effective chronic disease management may be associated with reduced 90-day readmissions.
Citation: Saxena FE, Bierman AS, Glazier RH . Association of Early Physician Follow-up With Readmission Among Patients Hospitalized for Acute Myocardial Infarction, Congestive Heart Failure, or Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. JAMA Netw Open 2022 Jul;5(7):e2222056. doi: 10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2022.22056..
Keywords: Hospital Readmissions, Hospitalization, Cardiovascular Conditions, Respiratory Conditions, Transitions of Care
Topham EW, Bristol A, Luther B
Caregiver inclusion in IDEAL discharge teaching: implications for transitions from hospital to home.
The purpose of this study was to explore perceptions of caregivers regarding their discharge preparation, focusing particular attention on whether and how they believed discharge preparation impacted post-discharge patient outcomes. Through interviews with four English-speaking caregivers, findings showed that, once home, the caregivers reported gaps in their knowledge of how to care for the patient, suggesting key gaps related to knowledge of warning signs and problems. Two of the four caregiver participants attributed a hospital readmission to post-discharge knowledge gaps. This study of caregiver experiences suggests that AHRQ’s IDEAL discharge planning strategy remains a useful and important framework for case managers to follow when providing discharge services.
Citation: Topham EW, Bristol A, Luther B . Caregiver inclusion in IDEAL discharge teaching: implications for transitions from hospital to home. Prof Case Manag 2022 Jul-Aug;27(4):181-93. doi: 10.1097/ncm.0000000000000563..
Keywords: Hospital Discharge, Transitions of Care, Caregiving
Giesler DL, Krein S, Brancaccio A
Reducing overuse of antibiotics at discharge home: a single-center mixed methods pilot study.
This article described a single-center, controlled pilot study of a pharmacist-facilitated antibiotic timeout prior to hospital discharge. The timeout addressed key elements of duration and was designed and implemented using iterative cycles with rapid feedback. The authors evaluated implementation outcomes related to feasibility, including usability, adherence, and acceptability. The pharmacists conducted 288 antibiotic timeouts with a mean duration of 2.5 minutes. Pharmacists recommended an antibiotic change in 25% of timeouts with 70% of recommended changes accepted by hospitalists. Barriers included unanticipated and weekend discharges. There were no differences in antibiotic use after discharge during the intervention compared to control services.
Citation: Giesler DL, Krein S, Brancaccio A . Reducing overuse of antibiotics at discharge home: a single-center mixed methods pilot study. Am J Infect Control 2022 Jul;50(7):777-86. doi: 10.1016/j.ajic.2021.11.016..
Keywords: Antibiotics, Antimicrobial Stewardship, Medication, Hospital Discharge, Transitions of Care
May HP, Krauter AK, Finnie DM
Optimising transitions of care for acute kidney injury survivors: protocol for a mixed-methods study of nephrologist and primary care provider recommendations.
Gaps in proper kidney care after acute kidney injury (AKI) in hospital patients can contribute to long term complications for those individuals. The purpose of this study is to provide an in-depth assessment of nephrologists’ and primary care providers’ approaches to follow-up care after in-hospital acute kidney injury (AKI). The researchers will utilize a mixed-methods study to assess provider recommendations and decision-making for post-AKI care.
Citation: May HP, Krauter AK, Finnie DM . Optimising transitions of care for acute kidney injury survivors: protocol for a mixed-methods study of nephrologist and primary care provider recommendations. BMJ Open 2022 Jun 22;12(6):e058613. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2021-058613..
Keywords: Kidney Disease and Health, Transitions of Care
Usher MC, Tignanelli CJ, Hilliard B
Responding to COVID-19 through interhospital resource coordination: a mixed-methods evaluation
Researchers sought to describe a novel hospital system approach to managing the COVID-19 pandemic, including multihospital coordination capability and transfer of COVID-19 patients to a single, dedicated hospital. They found that, with standardized communication, interhospital transfers were a safe and effective method of cohorting COVID-19 patients, were well-received by health care providers, and had the potential to improve care quality.
AHRQ-funded; HS026379; HS026732.
Citation: Usher MC, Tignanelli CJ, Hilliard B . Responding to COVID-19 through interhospital resource coordination: a mixed-methods evaluation J Patient Saf 2022 Jun 1;18(4):287-94. doi: 10.1097/pts.0000000000000916..
Keywords: COVID-19, Hospitals, Healthcare Delivery, Public Health, Care Coordination, Transitions of Care
Yu A, Jordan SR, Gilmartin H
"Our hands are tied until your doctor gets here": nursing perspectives on inter-hospital transfers.
The purpose of this study was to characterize the experiences of inpatient floor-level bedside nurses caring for inter-hospital transfer (IHT) patients and to identify care coordination challenges and solutions. Results from this study are mapped to AHRQ’s Care Coordination Measurement Framework domains of communication, assessing needs and goals, and negotiating accountability. Findings showed that three key themes characterized nurses' experiences with IHT related to these domains: challenges with information exchange and team communication during IHT, environmental and information preparation needed to anticipate transfers, and determining responsibility and care plans after the IHT patient has arrived at the accepting facility.
Citation: Yu A, Jordan SR, Gilmartin H . "Our hands are tied until your doctor gets here": nursing perspectives on inter-hospital transfers. J Gen Intern Med 2022 May;37(7):1729-36. doi: 10.1007/s11606-021-07276-5..
Keywords: Transitions of Care, Hospitals, Provider: Nurse
Mitchell SE, Reichert M, Howard JM
Reducing readmission of hospitalized patients with depressive symptoms: a randomized trial.
The purpose of this randomized controlled trial study was to assess whether post-discharge depression treatment will benefit hospitalized patients by reducing readmissions. Participants included hospitalized patients with a patient health questionnaire-9 score of 10 or higher. The researchers delivered the Re-Engineered Discharge (RED) and randomized participants to groups receiving RED-only or RED for Depression (RED-D), a 12-week post-discharge telehealth intervention. The study found that at 30 days, the intention-to-treat analysis showed no differences between RED-D vs RED-only in hospital readmission or reutilization. The intention-to-treat analysis also showed no differences at 90 days in readmission or reutilization. In the as-treated analysis, each additional RED-D session was associated with a decrease in 30- and 90-day readmissions. At 30 days, among 104 participants receiving 3 or more sessions, there were fewer readmissions compared with the control group. At 90 days, among 109 participants receiving 6 or more sessions, there were fewer readmissions. The study concluded that unplanned hospital use can be decreased with post-discharge treatment of depression and support for care transition.
Citation: Mitchell SE, Reichert M, Howard JM . Reducing readmission of hospitalized patients with depressive symptoms: a randomized trial. Ann Fam Med 2022 May-Jun;20(3):246-54. doi: 10.1370/afm.2801..
Keywords: Depression, Behavioral Health, Hospital Readmissions, Hospital Discharge, Transitions of Care
Sharara SL, Arbaje AI, Cosgrove SE
The voice of the patient: patient roles in antibiotic management at the hospital-to-home transition.
The objective of this study was to characterize tasks required for patient-performed antibiotic medication management (MM) at the hospital-to-home transition, as well as barriers to and strategies for patient-led antibiotic MM. The overall goal was to understand patients' role in managing antibiotics at the hospital-to-home transition. The investigators concluded that there are many opportunities to improve patient-led antibiotic MM at the hospital-to-home transition.
Citation: Sharara SL, Arbaje AI, Cosgrove SE . The voice of the patient: patient roles in antibiotic management at the hospital-to-home transition. J Patient Saf 2022 Apr 1;18(3):e633-e39. doi: 10.1097/pts.0000000000000899..
Keywords: Antibiotics, Antimicrobial Stewardship, Medication, Hospital Discharge, Transitions of Care, Patient Self-Management
Barreto EF, May HP, Schreier DJ
Development and feasibility of a multidisciplinary approach to AKI survivorship in care transitions: research letter.
The purpose of this study was to observe and describe the development and feasibility of a multidisciplinary approach to caring for acute kidney injury (AKI) survivors at care transitions (ACT). The studied population were adults with stage 3 AKI who were not discharging on dialysis and were established with a primary care provider at the authors’ academic medical center in the U.S. Preliminary data indicated that AKI survivors of interest could primarily be identified, educated, and followed up with using the multidisciplinary approach model, which also maximized the unique expertise of each team member. The authors concluded that this multidisciplinary ACT workflow supported by clinical decision support was feasible, scalable, and addressed gaps in existing care transition models.
Citation: Barreto EF, May HP, Schreier DJ . Development and feasibility of a multidisciplinary approach to AKI survivorship in care transitions: research letter. Can J Kidney Health Dis 2022 Mar 6; 9:20543581221081258. doi: 10.1177/20543581221081258..
Keywords: Kidney Disease and Health, Transplantation, Transitions of Care
Gilmartin HM, Warsavage T, Hines A
Effectiveness of the rural transitions nurse program for veterans: a multicenter implementation study.
This study evaluated the effectiveness of the rural Transitions Nurse Program (TNP), a program to help veterans transferred from rural areas to urban VA Medical Centers for care. A case-control study was conducted from April 2017 to September 2019 with 3001 veterans enrolled in TNP and 6002 matched controls. Interventions were led by a transition nurse who assessed discharge readiness, provided postdischarge communication with primary care providers (PCPs), and called the Veteran within 72 h of discharge home to assess needs, and encouraged follow-up appointment attendance. Controls had no change to their care. Primary outcomes evaluated were PCP visits within 14 days of discharge and all-cause 30-day readmissions, with secondary outcomes 30-day emergency department (ED) visits and 30-day mortality. Patients were matched by their length of stay, prior hospitalizations and PCP visits, urban/rural status, and 32 Elixhauser comorbidities. The veterans enrolled in TNP were more likely to see their PCP within 14 days of discharge than their matched controls. TNP enrollment was not associated with reduced 30-day ED visits or readmissions but was associated with reduced 30-day mortality.
Citation: Gilmartin HM, Warsavage T, Hines A . Effectiveness of the rural transitions nurse program for veterans: a multicenter implementation study. J Hosp Med 2022 Mar;17(3):149-57. doi: 10.1002/jhm.12802..
Keywords: Veterans, Rural Health, Transitions of Care, Nursing, Healthcare Delivery
Fraiman YS, Stewart JE, Litt JS
Race, language, and neighborhood predict high-risk preterm infant follow up program participation.
This study investigated whether infants born to Black mothers, non-English speaking mothers, and mothers who live in “Very Low” Child Opportunity Index (COI) neighborhoods would have decreased odds of using the Infant Follow Up Program (IFUP) for their preterm infants after discharge from a NICU. A total of 477 infants eligible for IFUP between 2015 and June 2017 from a single large academic Level III NICU were included. Primary outcome considered was at least one visit to IFUP. Two hundred infants (41.9%) participated in IFUP, with the odds of participation lower for Black compared to white race, “Very Low” COI compared to “Very High”, and primary non-English speaking.
Citation: Fraiman YS, Stewart JE, Litt JS . Race, language, and neighborhood predict high-risk preterm infant follow up program participation. J Perinatol 2022 Feb;42(2):217-22. doi: 10.1038/s41372-021-01188-2..
Keywords: Newborns/Infants, Hospital Discharge, Transitions of Care, Racial and Ethnic Minorities
Hoonakker PLT, Hose BZ, Carayon P
Scenario-based evaluation of team health information technology to support pediatric trauma care transitions.
This study’s objective was to examine if the Teamwork Transition Technology (T(3)) supports teams and team cognition. Using a scenario-based mock-up methodology with 36 clinicians and staff from the different units and departments who are involved in pediatric trauma to examine T(3), results showed that most participants agreed that the technology helped to achieve the goals set out in the design phase. Respondents thought that T(3) organized and presented information in a different way that was helpful to them. The authors concluded that the results of their evaluation showed that participants agreed that T(3) does support them in their work and increases their situation awareness.
Citation: Hoonakker PLT, Hose BZ, Carayon P . Scenario-based evaluation of team health information technology to support pediatric trauma care transitions. Appl Clin Inform 2022 Jan;13(1):218-29. doi: 10.1055/s-0042-1742368.
Keywords: Children/Adolescents, Transitions of Care, Health Information Technology (HIT), Teams
Kennedy EE, Bowles KH, Aryal S
Systematic review of prediction models for postacute care destination decision-making.
This article reported a systematic review of studies containing development and validation of models predicting post-acute care destination after adult inpatient hospitalization, summarized clinical populations and variables, evaluated model performance, assessed risk of bias and applicability, and made recommendations to reduce bias in future models. Findings indicated that prediction modeling studies for post-acute care destinations were becoming more prolific in the literature, but model development and validation strategies were inconsistent, and performance was variable. Most models were developed using regression, but machine learning methods were increasing in frequency.
AHRQ-funded; HS026599; HS027742.
Citation: Kennedy EE, Bowles KH, Aryal S . Systematic review of prediction models for postacute care destination decision-making. J Am Med Inform Assoc 2021 Dec 28;29(1):176-86. doi: 10.1093/jamia/ocab197..
Keywords: Decision Making, Transitions of Care
Brajcich BC, Shallcross ML, Johnson JK
Barriers to post-discharge monitoring and patient-clinician communication: a qualitative study.
This study used semi-structured interviews and focus groups to identify barriers to post-discharge monitoring and patient-clinician communication. Participants were gastrointestinal surgery patients and clinicians, with a total of 15 patients and 17 clinicians. Four themes and four barriers were identified from patient and clinician interviews and focus groups. Patient-identified barriers included education and expectation setting, technology access and literacy, availability of resources and support, and misalignment of communication preferences. Clinician-identified barriers included health education, access to clinical team, healthcare practitioner time constraints, and care team experience and consistency.
Citation: Brajcich BC, Shallcross ML, Johnson JK . Barriers to post-discharge monitoring and patient-clinician communication: a qualitative study. J Surg Res 2021 Dec;268:1-8. doi: 10.1016/j.jss.2021.06.032..
Keywords: Hospital Discharge, Clinician-Patient Communication, Care Management, Transitions of Care
Chhatre S, Malkowicz SB, Jayadevappa R
Continuity of care in acute survivorship phase, and short and long-term outcomes in prostate cancer patients.
This study examined the association between continuity of care and outcomes in Medicare beneficiaries with localized prostate cancer, and the moderating effect of race using SEER – Medicare data between 2000 and 2016. Continuity of care was defined as visits dispersion and density in the acute survivorship phase. Outcomes measured were emergency room visits, hospitalizations, and cost during the acute survivorship phase and mortality over the follow-up phase. Higher continuity of care was associated with improved outcomes. The interaction between race and continuity of care was significant.
Citation: Chhatre S, Malkowicz SB, Jayadevappa R . Continuity of care in acute survivorship phase, and short and long-term outcomes in prostate cancer patients. Prostate 2021 Dec;81(16):1310-19. doi: 10.1002/pros.24228..
Keywords: Cancer: Prostate Cancer, Cancer, Transitions of Care