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Research Studies is a compilation of published research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers.
Results1 to 25 of 110 Research Studies Displayed
Huff NR, Chimowitz H, DelPico MA
The consequences of emotionally evocative patient behaviors on emergency nurses' patient assessments and handoffs: an experimental study using simulated patient cases.
The purpose of this experimental vignette research study was to explore the impact of emotionally evocative patient behavior and mental illness on 130 emergency nurses' emotions, patient assessments, testing advocacy, and written handoffs. The researchers asked the nurses to complete four multimedia computer-simulated patient encounters in which patient behavior (irritable vs. calm) and mental illness (present vs. absent) were purposely varied. The nurses recorded their emotions and clinical evaluations, recommended diagnostic tests, and provided written handoffs. The study found that the nurses experienced greater negative emotions (anger, unease) and reported decreased engagement when evaluating patients demonstrating irritable (vs. calm) behavior. Nurses also considered patients with irritable (vs. calm) behavior as more likely to exaggerate their pain and as poorer historians, and as less likely to cooperate, return to work, and recover. Nurses' handoffs were more likely to include negative descriptions of patients with irritable (vs. calm) behavior and exclude specific clinical information. The existence of mental illness increased unease and sadness and lead to nurses being less likely to recommend a needed test for a correct diagnosis.
Citation: Huff NR, Chimowitz H, DelPico MA . The consequences of emotionally evocative patient behaviors on emergency nurses' patient assessments and handoffs: an experimental study using simulated patient cases. Int J Nurs Stud 2023 Jul; 143:104507. doi: 10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2023.104507..
Keywords: Emergency Department, Behavioral Health, Nursing, Workflow
Saucke MC, Alagoz E, Arroyo N
The invisible work of transfer centre nurses: a qualitative study of strategies to overcome communication challenges.
The objective of this study was to explore the role of transfer center nurses and their strategies to facilitate communication between providers during calls related to interhospital transfers. Researchers conducted semi-structured interviews with 17 transfer center nurses at one tertiary medical center and asked them to describe their work. The results indicated that transfer center nurses employed multiple strategies to overcome communication challenges; providers' lack of knowledge of the nurses' role can impede respectful and efficient transfer conversations. The researchers concluded that interventions to support and optimize the transfer center nurses' critical work are needed.
Citation: Saucke MC, Alagoz E, Arroyo N . The invisible work of transfer centre nurses: a qualitative study of strategies to overcome communication challenges. J Adv Nurs 2023 Jul; 79(7):2539-52. doi: 10.1111/jan.15603..
Keywords: Communication, Provider: Nurse, Nursing
Hansen CJ, Rayo MF, Patterson ES
Perceptually discriminating the highest priority alarms reduces response time: a retrospective pre-post study at four hospitals.
Emergency alarms are the most urgent of hospital alarms, necessitating immediate attention and action to address a dangerous situation. These alarms are triggered by clinicians and have greater positive predictive value (PPV). High-priority alarms are different from emergency alarms, are automatically triggered, and have lower PPV. The purpose of this retrospective pre-post study was to decrease nurse response time for emergency alarms and high-priority alarms by improving the discernability between emergency alarms and all other alarms, as well as by suppressing redundant and false alarms in a secondary alarm notification system (SANS). The researchers analyzed data 15 months prior to and 25 months after a SANS redesign was implemented in four hospitals. For emergency alarms, the researchers integrated digitized human speech features to distinguish the emergency alarms from the automatically triggered alarms, leaving their onset and escalation pathways unaltered. The researchers suppressed some of the automatically triggered alarms by delaying their initial onset and escalation by 20 seconds. The study found that response time for emergency alarms decreased at all hospitals ad the improvements were sustained. The use of automatically triggered alarms decreased 25.0%. Response time for the three automatically triggered cardiac alarms increased at the four hospitals.
Citation: Hansen CJ, Rayo MF, Patterson ES . Perceptually discriminating the highest priority alarms reduces response time: a retrospective pre-post study at four hospitals. Hum Factors 2023 Jun; 65(4):636-50. doi: 10.1177/00187208211032870..
Keywords: Hospitals, Nursing
Lake ET, Staiger D, Smith JG
The association of missed nursing care with very low birthweight infant outcomes.
This study examined the association of missed nursing care and health outcomes of very low birthweight (VLBW) infants in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs). The authors used 2016 hospital administrative discharge abstracts for VLBW newborns (n = 7,595) and NICU registered nurse survey responses (n = 6,963) from the National Database of Nursing Quality Indicators. Mortality, morbidity, and length of stay (LOS) was examined in 190 sample hospitals from 19 states in all regions. There was a significant association between higher odds of bloodstream infection and longer LOS, but not mortality or severe intraventricular hemorrhage and missed nursing care.
Citation: Lake ET, Staiger D, Smith JG . The association of missed nursing care with very low birthweight infant outcomes. Med Care Res Rev 2023 Jun; 80(3):293-302. doi: 10.1177/10775587221150950..
Keywords: Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP), Quality Indicators (QIs), Nursing, Newborns/Infants, Outcomes, Healthcare Utilization, Quality of Care
Meddings J, Gibbons JB, Reale BK
The impact of nurse practitioner care and accountable care organization assignment on skilled nursing services and hospital readmissions.
The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between Accountable Care Organizations (ACO) designation and nurse practitioners (NP) care delivery during skilled nursing facilities (SNF) visits and the relationship between NP care delivery during SNF visits and unplanned hospital readmissions. The researchers obtained a sample of 527,329 fee-for-service Medicare beneficiaries with 1 or more SNF stays between 2012 and 2017 and then measured the association between patient ACO designation and evaluation and management care delivered by NPs in addition to the association between evaluation and management services delivered by NPs and hospital readmissions. The study found that ACO beneficiaries were 1.26% points more likely to receive 1 or more E&M services delivered by an NP during their SNF visits. ACO-designated beneficiaries receiving most of their E&M services from NPs during their SNF visits were at a lower risk of readmission than ACO-attributed beneficiaries receiving no NP E&M care.
Citation: Meddings J, Gibbons JB, Reale BK . The impact of nurse practitioner care and accountable care organization assignment on skilled nursing services and hospital readmissions. Med Care 2023 Jun; 61(6):341-48. doi: 10.1097/mlr.0000000000001826..
Keywords: Nursing, Provider: Nurse, Hospital Readmissions, Provider: Clinician
Hewner S, Smith E, Sullivan SS
Identifying high-need primary care patients using nursing knowledge and machine learning methods.
This study examined how patient cohorts generated by machine learning can be enhanced with clinical knowledge to increase translational value and provide a practical approach to patient segmentation based on a mix of medical, behavioral, and social factors. The authors used a primary care practice dataset (N=3438) of high need patients defined by practice criteria and parsed it to a subset population of patients with diabetes (n=1233). Three expert nurses selected variables for k-means cluster analysis using knowledge of critical factors for care coordination, and their knowledge was again applied to describe the psychosocial phenotypes in four prominent clusters, aligned with social and medical care plans. Four distinct clusters were used to create four cohorts including: (1) A large cluster of racially diverse female, non-English speakers with low medical complexity, and history of childhood illness; (2) A large cluster of English speakers with significant comorbidities (obesity and respiratory disease); (3) A small cluster of males with substance use disorder and significant comorbidities (mental health, liver and cardiovascular disease) who frequently visit the hospital; and (4) A moderate cluster of older, racially diverse patients with renal failure.
Citation: Hewner S, Smith E, Sullivan SS . Identifying high-need primary care patients using nursing knowledge and machine learning methods. Appl Clin Inform 2023 May; 14(3):408-17. doi: 10.1055/a-2048-7343..
Keywords: Primary Care, Health Information Technology (HIT), Nursing
Zhong J, Simpson KR, Spetz J
Linking patient safety climate with missed nursing care in labor and delivery units: findings from the LaborRNs Survey.
The objective of this study was to explore the association of nurses' perceptions of patient safety climate with missed nursing care in labor and delivery (L&D) units. Nurse respondents were recruited via email distribution of an electronic survey; hospitals with L&D units were recruited from states with projected availability of 2018 state inpatient data. Measures included the Safety Attitudes Questionnaire Safety Climate Subscale and the Perinatal Missed Care Survey. The results suggested that improving safety climate through means such as better teamwork and communication may improve nursing care quality during labor and birth through decreasing missed nursing care. Strategies to reduce missed care may also conversely improve the safety climate.
Citation: Zhong J, Simpson KR, Spetz J . Linking patient safety climate with missed nursing care in labor and delivery units: findings from the LaborRNs Survey. J Patient Saf 2023 Apr 1;19(3):166-72. doi: 10.1097/pts.0000000000001106.
Keywords: Pregnancy, Maternal Care, Labor and Delivery, Nursing, Patient Safety, Provider: Nurse
Sullivan CE, Day SW, Ivankova N
Establishing nursing-sensitive quality indicators for pediatric oncology: an international mixed methods Delphi study.
The purpose of this study was to create an initial core set of Nursing-sensitive indicators (NSIs) for international pediatric oncology nursing that would be important, actionable, and feasible to measure across different resource settings and countries. The researchers utilized purposive snowball sampling to identify 122 expert pediatric oncology nurses from 43 countries for participation. In round 1, the panelists identified five potential NSIs and constructs. These results were applied to round 2 in which panelists chose their top 10 NSIs and constructs and ranked them according to importance to patient care quality. Those results were then applied to round 3, in which panelists ranked the top 10 NSIs and constructs by order of importance for the particular population, then rated each NSI/Construct for actionability and feasibility of measurement. The study identified the preliminary core set of NSIs and constructs identified by the expert panel, and ranked them in the following order of importance: safe chemotherapy administration and handling, infection prevention/control, pediatric oncology nursing orientation program, early warning score system/recognition of patient deterioration, chemotherapy/biotherapy education/course, pain assessment/management, symptom assessment/management, patient and family education, palliative/end of life care, and continuing nursing education/competency. The study reported that all NSIs and constructs were rated as actionable; all constructs except palliative/end of life care were rated as feasible to measure. The researchers concluded that initial core NSIs and constructs offer improved insight into typical features of international pediatric oncology nursing practice that are important, actionable, and feasible for quality measurement.
Citation: Sullivan CE, Day SW, Ivankova N . Establishing nursing-sensitive quality indicators for pediatric oncology: an international mixed methods Delphi study. J Nurs Scholarsh 2023 Jan; 55(1):388-400. doi: 10.1111/jnu.12798..
Keywords: Children/Adolescents, Quality Indicators (QIs), Quality of Care, Nursing, Cancer
Williams PH, Gilmartin HM, Leonard C
The influence of the Rural Transitions Nurse Program for veterans on healthcare utilization costs.
This study’s objective was to examine changes from pre- to post-hospitalization in total, inpatient, and outpatient 30-day healthcare utilization costs for Veterans Affairs Healthcare System Rural Transitions Nurse Program (TNP) enrollees compared to controls. Although findings showed no difference in change in total costs between veterans enrolled in TNP and controls, TNP was associated with a smaller increase in direct inpatient medical costs and a larger increase in direct outpatient medical costs, suggesting a shifting of costs from the inpatient to outpatient setting.
Citation: Williams PH, Gilmartin HM, Leonard C . The influence of the Rural Transitions Nurse Program for veterans on healthcare utilization costs. J Gen Intern Med 2022 Nov;37(14):3529-34. doi: 10.1007/s11606-022-07401-y..
Keywords: Rural Health, Nursing, Transitions of Care, Healthcare Utilization, Healthcare Costs
Cimiotti JP, Becker ER, Li Y
Association of registered nurse staffing with mortality risk of Medicare beneficiaries hospitalized with sepsis.
The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to determine if registered nurse workload was related with mortality in Medicare beneficiaries admitted to an acute care hospital with sepsis. The researchers evaluated the records of Medicare beneficiaries ages 65 to 99 years with a primary diagnosis of sepsis that was present on admission to 1 of 1958 nonfederal, general acute care hospitals that had data on CMS SEP-1 scores and registered nurse workload. Researchers utilized 2018 data from the American Hospital Association Annual Survey, CMS Hospital Compare, and Medicare claims. The patient outcome of interest was mortality within 60 days of admission. The study found that 702,140 Medicare beneficiaries with a mean age of 78.2 years, 51% of whom were women, had a diagnosis of sepsis. In a multivariable regression model, each additional registered nurse hour per patient day (HPPD) was associated with a 3% decrease in the odds of 60-day mortality. The researchers concluded that hospitals which provide more registered nurse hours of care could possibly decrease the likelihood of mortality in Medicare beneficiaries with sepsis.
Citation: Cimiotti JP, Becker ER, Li Y . Association of registered nurse staffing with mortality risk of Medicare beneficiaries hospitalized with sepsis. JAMA Health Forum 2022 May;3(5):e221173. doi: 10.1001/jamahealthforum.2022.1173..
Keywords: Sepsis, Mortality, Provider: Nurse, Nursing, Workforce
Gilmartin HM, Warsavage T, Hines A
Effectiveness of the rural transitions nurse program for veterans: a multicenter implementation study.
This study evaluated the effectiveness of the rural Transitions Nurse Program (TNP), a program to help veterans transferred from rural areas to urban VA Medical Centers for care. A case-control study was conducted from April 2017 to September 2019 with 3001 veterans enrolled in TNP and 6002 matched controls. Interventions were led by a transition nurse who assessed discharge readiness, provided postdischarge communication with primary care providers (PCPs), and called the Veteran within 72 h of discharge home to assess needs, and encouraged follow-up appointment attendance. Controls had no change to their care. Primary outcomes evaluated were PCP visits within 14 days of discharge and all-cause 30-day readmissions, with secondary outcomes 30-day emergency department (ED) visits and 30-day mortality. Patients were matched by their length of stay, prior hospitalizations and PCP visits, urban/rural status, and 32 Elixhauser comorbidities. The veterans enrolled in TNP were more likely to see their PCP within 14 days of discharge than their matched controls. TNP enrollment was not associated with reduced 30-day ED visits or readmissions but was associated with reduced 30-day mortality.
Citation: Gilmartin HM, Warsavage T, Hines A . Effectiveness of the rural transitions nurse program for veterans: a multicenter implementation study. J Hosp Med 2022 Mar;17(3):149-57. doi: 10.1002/jhm.12802..
Keywords: Rural Health, Transitions of Care, Nursing, Healthcare Delivery
Douthit BJ, Walden RL, Cato K
Data science trends relevant to nursing practice: a rapid review of the 2020 literature.
This study’s objective was to summarize the latest research and applications of nursing-relevant patient outcomes and clinical processes in the data science literature. Numerous contemporary data science methods were represented in the literature including the use of machine learning, neural networks, and natural language processing. This review provides an overview of the data science trends that were relevant to nursing practice in 2020.
Citation: Douthit BJ, Walden RL, Cato K . Data science trends relevant to nursing practice: a rapid review of the 2020 literature. Appl Clin Inform 2022 Jan;13(1):161-79. doi: 10.1055/s-0041-1742218..
Keywords: Nursing, Health Information Technology (HIT), Patient-Centered Outcomes Research
Johnson KD, Schumacher D, Lee RC
Identifying strategies for the management of interruptions for novice triage nurses using an online modified Delphi method.
This study’s purpose was to use the Delphi Method to identify strategies used by triage nurses to effectively manage interrupts that can be taught to novice nurses. A panel of nine triage, education, and operational management experts were selected. The panel participated in three Delphi rounds. Results were synthesized and summaries returned to the participants. A final consensus was reached regarding recommendations for successful strategies to address triage interruptions. Eight strategies to mitigate the impact of interruptions were identified. Six of those strategies were identified as best being taught using simulation.
Citation: Johnson KD, Schumacher D, Lee RC . Identifying strategies for the management of interruptions for novice triage nurses using an online modified Delphi method. J Nurs Scholarsh 2021 Nov;53(6):718-26. doi: 10.1111/jnu.12683..
Keywords: Nursing, Workflow
Bender M, Williams M, Cruz MF
A study protocol to evaluate the implementation and effectiveness of the Clinical Nurse Leader care model in improving quality and safety outcomes.
The authors discuss the Clinical Nurse Leader care model, a Hybrid Type II Implementation-Effectiveness study to evaluate the effect of the care model on standardized quality and safety outcomes and to identify implementation characteristics that are sufficient and necessary to achieve outcomes. Findings are expected to elucidate Registered Nurse's mechanisms of action as organized into frontline models of care and link actions to improved care quality and safety.
Citation: Bender M, Williams M, Cruz MF . A study protocol to evaluate the implementation and effectiveness of the Clinical Nurse Leader care model in improving quality and safety outcomes. Nurs Open 2021 Nov;8(6):3688-96. doi: 10.1002/nop2.910..
Keywords: Implementation, Quality Improvement, Quality of Care, Patient Safety, Nursing, Evidence-Based Practice
Kutney-Lee A, Brooks Carthon M, Sloane DM
Electronic health record usability: associations with nurse and patient outcomes in hospitals.
Researchers examined associations between electronic health record (EHR) usability and nurse job and surgical patient outcomes. Data from the American Hospital Association, state patient discharges, and nurse surveys were linked in a cross-sectional analysis. The researchers found that employing EHR systems with suboptimal usability was associated with higher odds of adverse nurse job outcomes and surgical patient mortality and readmission.
Citation: Kutney-Lee A, Brooks Carthon M, Sloane DM . Electronic health record usability: associations with nurse and patient outcomes in hospitals. Med Care 2021 Jul;59(7):625-31. doi: 10.1097/mlr.0000000000001536..
Keywords: Electronic Health Records (EHRs), Health Information Technology (HIT), Surgery, Outcomes, Nursing, Provider: Nurse
Lasater KB, Sloane DM, McHugh MD
Evaluation of hospital nurse-to-patient staffing ratios and sepsis bundles on patient outcomes.
Despite nurses' responsibilities in recognition and treatment of sepsis, little evidence documents whether patient-to-nurse staffing ratios are associated with clinical outcomes for patients with sepsis. Using linked data sources from 2017 including MEDPAR patient claims, Hospital Compare, American Hospital Association, and a large survey of nurses, the investigators estimated the effect of hospital patient-to-nurse staffing ratios and adherence to the Early Management Bundle for patients with Severe Sepsis/Septic Shock SEP-1 sepsis bundles on patients' odds of in-hospital and 60-day mortality, readmission, and length of stay.
Citation: Lasater KB, Sloane DM, McHugh MD . Evaluation of hospital nurse-to-patient staffing ratios and sepsis bundles on patient outcomes. Am J Infect Control 2021 Jul;49(7):868-73. doi: 10.1016/j.ajic.2020.12.002..
Keywords: Sepsis, Nursing, Provider: Nurse, Inpatient Care, Hospitals
Rasooly IR, Kern-Goldberger AS, Xiao Rasooly IR, Kern-Goldberger AS, Xiao R
Physiologic monitor alarm burden and nurses' subjective workload in a children's hospital.
Physiologic monitor alarms occur at high rates in children's hospitals; ≤1% are actionable. The burden of alarms has implications for patient safety and is challenging to measure directly. Nurse workload, measured by using a version of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration Task Load Index (NASA-TLX) validated among nurses, is a useful indicator of work burden that has been associated with patient outcomes. The objective of this study was to measure the relationship between alarm count and nurse workload by using the NASA-TLX.
AHRQ-funded; R18 HS026620.
Citation: Rasooly IR, Kern-Goldberger AS, Xiao Rasooly IR, Kern-Goldberger AS, Xiao R . Physiologic monitor alarm burden and nurses' subjective workload in a children's hospital. Hosp Pediatr 2021 Jul;11(7):703-10. doi: 10.1542/hpeds.2020-003509..
Keywords: Children/Adolescents, Nursing, Inpatient Care, Patient Safety
McDonald MV, Brickner C, Russell D
Observation of hand hygiene practices in home health care.
The purpose of this observational study was to describe nurse hand hygiene practices in the home health care (HHC) setting, nurse adherence to hand hygiene guidelines, and factors associated with hand hygiene opportunities during home care visits. The investigators concluded that hand hygiene adherence in HHC was suboptimal, with rates mirroring those reported in hospital and outpatient settings.
Citation: McDonald MV, Brickner C, Russell D . Observation of hand hygiene practices in home health care. J Am Med Dir Assoc 2021 May;22(5):1029-34. doi: 10.1016/j.jamda.2020.07.031..
Keywords: Home Healthcare, Nursing, Provider: Nurse, Provider, Prevention, Healthcare-Associated Infections (HAIs), Guidelines
Woods-Hill CZ, Papili K, Nelson E
Harnessing implementation science to optimize harm prevention in critically ill children: a pilot study of bedside nurse CLABSI bundle performance in the pediatric intensive care unit.
Central-line associated bloodstream infection (CLABSI) is associated with increased mortality, morbidity, and cost in hospitalized children. An evidence-based bundle of care can decrease CLABSI, but bundle compliance is imperfect. In this study, the investigators explored factors impacting bundle performance in the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) by bedside nurses. The investigators concluded that PICU nurses were knowledgeable and motivated to prevent CLABSI, but faced challenges from competing clinical tasks, limited resources, and complex family interactions. Physician engagement was specifically noted to impact nurse motivation to complete the bundle.
Citation: Woods-Hill CZ, Papili K, Nelson E . Harnessing implementation science to optimize harm prevention in critically ill children: a pilot study of bedside nurse CLABSI bundle performance in the pediatric intensive care unit. Am J Infect Control 2021 Mar;49(3):345-51. doi: 10.1016/j.ajic.2020.08.019..
Keywords: Children/Adolescents, Central Line-Associated Bloodstream Infections (CLABSI), Patient Safety, Intensive Care Unit (ICU), Nursing, Patient Safety
Dowding D, Russell D, McDonald MV
"A catalyst for action": factors for implementing clinical risk prediction models of infection in home care settings.
This study looked at how a clinical risk prediction model for identifying patients at risk of infection is perceived by home care nurses. It was a qualitative study using semi-structured interviews with 50 home care nurses. The interviews were audio-taped and transcribed with data evaluation using thematic analysis. Findings indicated that the nurses would find a clinical risk prediction model useful, as long as it provided both context around the reasons why a patient was deemed to be high risk and provided some guidance for action.
Citation: Dowding D, Russell D, McDonald MV . "A catalyst for action": factors for implementing clinical risk prediction models of infection in home care settings. J Am Med Inform Assoc 2021 Feb 15;28(2):334-41. doi: 10.1093/jamia/ocaa267..
Keywords: Home Healthcare, Nursing, Risk, Healthcare-Associated Infections (HAIs), Prevention, Provider: Nurse, Provider
Howland C, Despins L, Sindt J
Primary care clinic nurse activities with a telehealth monitoring system.
The purpose of this study was to evaluate differences in the types of nursing activities and communication processes reported in a primary care clinic between patients using a home-based monitoring system to electronically communicate self-monitored blood glucose and blood pressure values and those assuming usual care. Significant differences were identified for the direct care nursing activities of providing lifestyle and health education, medication adjustments, and patient follow-up, providing evidence of greater nursing activity reported in a primary care clinic in patients who utilized a home-based monitoring system.
Citation: Howland C, Despins L, Sindt J . Primary care clinic nurse activities with a telehealth monitoring system. West J Nurs Res 2021 Jan;43(1):5-12. doi: 10.1177/0193945920923082..
Keywords: Telehealth, Health Information Technology (HIT), Blood Pressure, Primary Care, Clinician-Patient Communication, Communication, Patient Self-Management, Nursing, Patient-Centered Healthcare, Diabetes
Thate JA, Couture B, Schnock KO
Information needs and the use of documentation to support collaborative decision-making: implications for the reduction of central line-associated blood stream infections.
It is clear that interdisciplinary communication and collaboration have the potential to mitigate healthcare-associated harm, yet there is limited research on how communication through documentation in the patient record can support collaborative decision making. Understanding what information is needed to support collaborative decision making is necessary to design electronic health information systems that facilitate effective communication and, ultimately, safe care. To explore this issue, the investigators focused on information needs related to central venous catheter management and the prevention of central line-associated blood stream infections.
Citation: Thate JA, Couture B, Schnock KO . Information needs and the use of documentation to support collaborative decision-making: implications for the reduction of central line-associated blood stream infections. Comput Inform Nurs 2020 Nov 2;39(4):208-14. doi: 10.1097/cin.0000000000000683..
Keywords: Central Line-Associated Bloodstream Infections (CLABSI), Healthcare-Associated Infections (HAIs), Decision Making, Communication, Electronic Health Records (EHRs), Health Information Technology (HIT), Nursing
Smith JG, Rogowski JA, Lake ET
Missed care relates to nurse job enjoyment and intention to leave in neonatal intensive care.
Being unable to provide required nursing care to infants could contribute to poorer neonatal nurse job outcomes, which may exacerbate staffing challenges. Little evidence exists about how missed nursing care relates to neonatal nurse job outcomes. The purpose of this study was to determine relationships among missed nursing care, job enjoyment and intention to leave for neonatal nurses.
Citation: Smith JG, Rogowski JA, Lake ET . Missed care relates to nurse job enjoyment and intention to leave in neonatal intensive care. J Nurs Manag 2020 Nov;28(8):1940-47. doi: 10.1111/jonm.12943..
Keywords: Newborns/Infants, Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU), Intensive Care Unit (ICU), Provider: Nurse, Provider, Burnout, Nursing
Gance-Cleveland B, McDonald CC, Walker RK
Use of theory to guide development and application of sensor technologies in nursing.
In this paper, three nurse scientists summarize their presentations at the Council for the Advancement of Nursing Science 2019 Advanced Methods Conference on Expanding Science of Sensor Technology in Research discussing the theoretical underpinnings of sensor technologies development and use in nursing research and practice.
AHRQ-funded; HS024738; HS018646.
Citation: Gance-Cleveland B, McDonald CC, Walker RK . Use of theory to guide development and application of sensor technologies in nursing. Nurs Outlook 2020 Nov-Dec;68(6):698-710. doi: 10.1016/j.outlook.2020.04.007..
Keywords: Health Information Technology (HIT), Nursing, Health Services Research (HSR), Research Methodologies
Lake ET, Staiger DO, Cramer E
Association of patient acuity and missed nursing care in U.S. neonatal intensive care units.
The health outcomes of infants in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) may be jeopardized when required nursing care is missed. The authors conducted a correlational study of using 2016 NICU registered nurse survey responses from the National Database of Nursing Quality Indicators. They found that 36% of nurses missed one or more care activities on their past shift. The most common activities missed involved patient comfort and counseling and parent education. They recommended that nurses' assignments account for patient acuity. NICU nurse staffing and work environments warrant attention to reduce missed care and promote optimal infant and family outcomes.
Citation: Lake ET, Staiger DO, Cramer E . Association of patient acuity and missed nursing care in U.S. neonatal intensive care units. Med Care Res Rev 2020 Oct;77(5):451-60. doi: 10.1177/1077558718806743..
Keywords: Newborns/Infants, Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU), Intensive Care Unit (ICU), Nursing, Quality Indicators (QIs), Quality of Care