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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 6 of 6 Research Studies Displayed
Dixon BE, Zhang Z, Amo JN
Improving notifiable disease case reporting through electronic information exchange-facilitated decision support: a controlled before-and-after trial.
This study examined the results of implementing an electronic, prepopulated notifiable disease report form on case reporting rates by ambulatory care clinics to public health authorities. They conducted a 2-year controlled before-and-after trial of a health information exchange (HIE) in Indiana. Data was analyzed from electronic prepopulated reports and paper and fax reports submitted to a local health department for 7 conditions by using a difference-in-differences model. Provider reporting rates for chlamydia and gonorrhea increased significantly during the baseline period. During the intervention period they decreased significantly in control clinics. Completion and timeliness improved for both intervention and control clinics.
Citation: Dixon BE, Zhang Z, Amo JN . Improving notifiable disease case reporting through electronic information exchange-facilitated decision support: a controlled before-and-after trial. Public Health Rep 2020 May/Jun;135(3):401-10. doi: 10.1177/0033354920914318..
Keywords: Health Information Exchange (HIE), Health Information Technology (HIT), Electronic Health Records (EHRs), Public Health, Public Reporting, Ambulatory Care and Surgery
Sanghavi P, Pan S, Caudry D
Assessment of nursing home reporting of major injury falls for quality measurement on Nursing Home Compare.
The purpose of this study was to assess the accuracy of nursing home self-report of major injury falls on the Minimum Data Set (MDS). They linked inpatient claims for major injury falls with MDS assessments. The investigators concluded that the nursing home-reported data used for the Nursing Home Compare (NHC) falls measure may be highly inaccurate.
Citation: Sanghavi P, Pan S, Caudry D . Assessment of nursing home reporting of major injury falls for quality measurement on Nursing Home Compare. Health Serv Res 2020 Apr;55(2):201-10. doi: 10.1111/1475-6773.13247..
Keywords: Falls, Nursing Homes, Quality Measures, Quality Indicators (QIs), Quality of Care, Elderly, Public Reporting, Injuries and Wounds
Carey K, Dor A
Hospital response to CMS public reports of hospital charge information.
This study examined trends in charge increases for Medicare inpatients treated in approximately 3400 hospitals after the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) began reporting charges online in 2013 for Medicare inpatients. The investigators applied difference-in-differences analysis to comprehensive inpatient charge data from New York and Florida for the years 2011-2016. After public reporting was implemented the growth in reported charges in New York hospitals was 4-9% lower than unreported diagnosis-related groups and in Florida it was 2-8% lower.
Citation: Carey K, Dor A . Hospital response to CMS public reports of hospital charge information. Med Care 2020 Jan;58(1):70-73. doi: 10.1097/mlr.0000000000001232..
Keywords: Hospitals, Healthcare Costs, Public Reporting, Medicare, Hospitalization
Sherman KL, Gordon EJ, Mahvi DM
Surgeons' perceptions of public reporting of hospital and individual surgeon quality.
This study (1) evaluated surgeons’ perceptions of public reporting of surgical quality; and (2) identified specific barriers to surgeons’ acceptance of public reporting. It found that surgeons are generally in favor of public reporting, but that they continue to have substantive concerns, particularly with respect to reporting individual level outcomes data.
Citation: Sherman KL, Gordon EJ, Mahvi DM . Surgeons' perceptions of public reporting of hospital and individual surgeon quality. Med Care 2013 Dec;51(12):1069-75. doi: 10.1097/mlr.0000000000000013..
Keywords: Public Reporting, Quality of Care, Hospitals, Surgery, Provider Performance
Goff SL, Pekow PS, White KO
IDEAS for a healthy baby--reducing disparities in use of publicly reported quality data: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial.
This study's goals were to determine the efficacy of a patient navigator intervention to assist low-income pregnant women in the use of publicly available information about quality of care when choosing a pediatrician; to evaluate the relative importance of factors influencing women's choice of pediatric practices; to evaluate the effect of the intervention on patient engagement in management of their own and their child's health care; and to assess variation in efficacy of the intervention for sub-groups based on parity, age, and race/ethnicity. Successful completion of the study aims is expected to yield important new knowledge about the value of guided website navigation as a strategy to increase the impact of publicly reported quality data and to reduce disparities in use of these data.
Citation: Goff SL, Pekow PS, White KO . IDEAS for a healthy baby--reducing disparities in use of publicly reported quality data: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial. Trials 2013 Aug 7;14:244. doi: 10.1186/1745-6215-14-244.
Keywords: Education: Patient and Caregiver, Newborns/Infants, Low-Income, Pregnancy, Public Reporting
Vawdrey DK, Natarajan K, Kanter AS
Informatics lessons from using a novel immunization information system.
This paper describes the informatics challenges and lessons learned during nearly 15 years of collecting, using, and exchanging electronic immunization information. The authors report on their experience with developing and using the EzVac system for 1) clinical care, both in local and global settings, 2) public health reporting, 3) consumer engagement, and 4) clinical and informatics research.
Citation: Vawdrey DK, Natarajan K, Kanter AS . Informatics lessons from using a novel immunization information system. Stud Health Technol Inform 2013;192:589-93..
Keywords: Health Information Technology (HIT), Registries, Public Reporting, Vaccination