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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 3 of 3 Research Studies Displayed
Srinivas SK, Fager C, Lorch SA
Variations in postdelivery infection and thrombosis by hospital teaching status.
The researchers examined hospital-level variation overall and by teaching status in 2 maternal outcomes, postpartum infections, and thrombosis. They found substantial variation in infection and thrombosis rates among hospitals both overall and by teaching status, suggesting that these 2 outcomes may be useful measures of inpatient obstetric quality.
Citation: Srinivas SK, Fager C, Lorch SA . Variations in postdelivery infection and thrombosis by hospital teaching status. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2013 Dec;209(6):567.e1-7. doi: 10.1016/j.ajog.2013.08.002..
Keywords: Pregnancy, Labor and Delivery, Outcomes, Quality of Care
Bardenheier BH, Elixhauser A, Imperatore G
AHRQ Author: Elixhauser A
Variation in prevalence of gestational diabetes mellitus among hospital discharges for obstetric delivery across 23 states in the United States.
The authors examined variability in diagnosed gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) prevalence at delivery by race/ethnicity and state. Their results suggest that GDM rates differ by state, with this variation attributable to differences in obesity at the population level, age, race/ethnicity, hospital, and insurance.
Citation: Bardenheier BH, Elixhauser A, Imperatore G . Variation in prevalence of gestational diabetes mellitus among hospital discharges for obstetric delivery across 23 states in the United States. Diabetes Care 2013 May;36(5):1209-14. doi: 10.2337/dc12-0901.
Keywords: Diabetes, Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP), Hospital Discharge, Labor and Delivery, Pregnancy
Bruckner TA, Rehkopf DH, Catalano RA
Income gains and very low-weight birth among low-income black mothers in California.
The researchers examined pregnant women in California in the 1990s who likely received a lump sum federal tax refund as a result of the Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) in order to determine the effect, if any, on their infant’s birthweight. Contrary to expectation, the odds of a very low birthweight (VLBW) infant increase above expected values two months immediately following the tax disbursement.
Citation: Bruckner TA, Rehkopf DH, Catalano RA . Income gains and very low-weight birth among low-income black mothers in California. Biodemography Soc Biol 2013;59(2):141-56. doi: 10.1080/19485565.2013.833802..
Keywords: Newborns/Infants, Low-Income, Social Determinants of Health, Labor and Delivery